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There is a paper by Ritt from 1923 that calls the relation, $f(g(x)) = g(f(x))$, permutable functions. Is there a more recent terminology used in the literature, or is this still the standard?

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up vote 17 down vote accepted

It's common to say that $f$ and $g$ commute with respect to composition (where the property is known as commutativity). See, e.g.,

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