Two graphs G, H are isomorphic if there is a relabeling of the vertices of G that produces H, and vice-versa. The graph isomorphism problem (GI) is to decide whether two given are isomorphic. In addition to its practical interest, it was identified by Karp in 1972 as having unknown complexity, is ...

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5
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1answer
80 views

Maximum common subgraph of two planar graphs of bounded degree k

Given two planar graphs of bounded degree (i.e. each node has no more than D edges), I'd like to find their maximum common subgraph. I know that the more general problem applied to maximal planar ...
7
votes
1answer
183 views

Problem of graph bi-partition (related to graph isomorphism)

I am considering the following problem: Input: 3 graphs $G=(V,E)$, $H_1$, $H_2$ Question: Is there some $V_1\subseteq V$ such that $G[V_1]$ (the subgraph induced by $V_1$) is isomorphic to ...
6
votes
2answers
225 views

Local Graph Isomorphism to construct Global Graph Isomorphism

Does there exist a Graph Isomorphism Algorithm that uses Local Isomorphism to construct a Global Isomorphism? For example, two graphs are given, say, $H, G$. it is asked to determine whether $G\simeq ...
7
votes
1answer
168 views

Complexity of a graph-rewriting problem

I recently came across the following problem which seems to fall in the context of graph rewriting problems: Input: A graph $G=(V,E)$ with maximum degree 3, an edge $e_0 \in E$ and pairs of graphs ...
5
votes
1answer
191 views

Canonical way of coloring graphs (individualization) for isomorphism purpose

Stefan Kratsch and Pascal Schweitzer in their paper Graph Isomorphism for Graph Classes Characterized by two Forbidden Induced Subgraphs give a characterization of graphs on which Graph Isomorphism ...
-4
votes
1answer
175 views

Is graph isomorphism still open for bounded clique width or bounded rank width? 2015 paper claims it is polynomial [closed]

To my knowledge, graph isomorphism for graphs with bounded clique width or bounded rank width is open. 2015 arxiv paper claims it is polynomial: Isomorphism Testing for Graphs of Bounded Rank Width ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

On low rank graph isomorphism

Is there a $c>1$ (maybe $c=2$) such that every lower than rank $n^{1/c}$ graphs on $n$ vertices can be tested to be in polynomial time?
5
votes
1answer
139 views

Connections between Graph Isomorphism and Polynomial Equivalence

Are there any relations between Graph Isomorphism problem and Polynomial Equivalence problem? In particular does a polynomial time solution to Graph Isomorphism problem provide any evidence towards ...
-1
votes
1answer
157 views

Are Graph and Group Isomorphism problems random self-reducible?

Are Graph and Group Isomorphism problems known to be random self-reducible? If so is there a good proof? Are there other non-trivial examples of random self-reducibility? Is there a good reference?
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Fourier transformation of the automorphism group of a graph

Following is an example of permutation cycle graph $\Gamma$ for a given permutation $\pi = \left(1\text{ } 2\right) \left(3\text{ } 4\text{ } 5\text{ } 6\right)$. The adjacency matrix $A$ is given ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Complexity class for some group and graph homomorphism problems

Given two groups $G_1$ and $G_2$ what is the complexity class in which the following problem belongs? $$\mathsf{Is }|Hom(G_1,G_2)|>0$$ Given two graphs $H_1$ and $H_2$ what is the complexity ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Some nuances on Group and Subgroup Isomorphism?

(1) Is it known Group Isomorphism is in $\mathsf{coNP}$ and is the conjecture so? Is there a good reference for $\mathsf{coNP}$-ness in similar situations? (2) Is subgroup isomorphism ...
2
votes
0answers
568 views

Implications of Babai's Proof that Graph Isomorphism is Quasi Polynomial Time [closed]

In the context of the very recent talk by Lazlo Babai outlining that Graph Isomorphism (GI) is Quasi Polynomial Time, what are the broader implications of this result? (I'm assuming the claim will ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

First register in the hidden subgroup representations of Simon's and graph isomorphism problems

The Simon's problem involves a function which takes binary strings as inputs. One seeks to find the period of the function which acts on those inputs. In the standard method, the first register has ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

Complete problems or alternative definitions of the complexity class NP^GI?

Definition: Let $GraphIso$ be the decision problem whose input is a pair of undirected graphs $(G_1, G_2)$ and the output is true if and only if $G_1$ and $G_2$ are isomorphic. Definition: Define ...
6
votes
1answer
331 views

Quasi-polynomial time algorithm for permutation group isomorphism

Is there a known $n^{\alpha \log n+O(1)}$ algorithm for permutation group isomorphism? Here $n$ is the size of the group, and the isomorphism must be a permutational isomorphism. My hope for such an ...
-1
votes
1answer
137 views

Graph isomorphism problem with invertible adjacency matrices

This question is supplementary to the question asked here. One of the answers give a class of graphs for which the adjacency matrices are invertible which is defined as follows. Given a ...
8
votes
1answer
543 views

Is anyone aware of a counter-example to the Dharwadker-Tevet Graph Isomorphism algorithm?

At http://www.dharwadker.org/tevet/isomorphism/, there is a presentation of an algorithm for determining if two graphs are isomorphic. Given a number of shall we say, "interesting" claims by A ...
22
votes
4answers
831 views

What evidence is there that Graph Isomorphism is not in $P$?

Motivated by Fortnow's comment on my post, Evidence that Graph Isomorphism problem is not $NP$-complete, and by the fact that $GI$ is a prime candidate for $NP$-intermediate problem (not $NP$-complete ...
9
votes
2answers
287 views

Number of Automorphisms of a graph for graph isomorphism

Let $G$ and $H$ be two $r$-regular connected graphs of size $n$. Let $A$ be the set of permutations $P$ such that $PGP^{-1}=H$. If $G=H$ then $A$ is the set of automorphisms of $G$. What is the ...
2
votes
0answers
132 views

Construction of a graph which has regular subgraphs at each iteration of a recursive process

I am studying Graph Isomorphism and also trying to figure out the complexity of a certain class of graph. The graph I am studying at the moment is described below Description : $G$ is a $r$ regular ...
0
votes
2answers
303 views

Complexity of simple undirected graph isomorphism problem

We define a simple undirected graph as a graph where no vertex has a loop and there is only zero or one undirected, unweighted edge between any pair of vertices. My question: What is the complexity ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Coset state of $3$-node graph isomorphism problem

The hidden subgroup representation of a $3$-node graph isomorphism problem is defined over the symmetric group, $G = S_6$. So, any hidden subgroup algorithm that wishes to solve the problem should ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

When does automaton stay unchanged after string homomorphism?

Suppose we have a string homomorphism $\varphi: \Sigma \rightarrow \Sigma^*$. Consider the languages in $\varphi(\Sigma^*)$ whose letters are elements of $\varphi(\Sigma)$, so here I do not want to ...
7
votes
0answers
134 views

Number of non-isomorphic induced subgraphs of a graph

Given a simple undirected grap, how many induced subgraphs does it have that are not isomorphic to each other? (or in a descision version, does it have fewer than k non-isomorphic induced subgraphs). ...
8
votes
1answer
475 views

Evidence that Graph Isomorphism problem is not $NP$-complete

Graph isomorphism problem is one of the longest standing problems that resisted classification into $P$ or $NP$-complete problems. We have evidences that it can not be $NP$-complete. Firstly, Graph ...
11
votes
1answer
207 views

Is the finite inverse semigroup isomorphism problem GI-complete?

Is the finite inverse semigroup isomorphism problem GI-complete? Here the finite inverse semigroups are assumed to be given by their multiplication tables.
2
votes
0answers
198 views

Known algorithms for Graph isomorphism [closed]

What algorithms are known for the graph isomorphism problem? Can those algorithms be related to algorithms for other graph theoretical problems (e.g. subgraph problem, counting graph isomorphisms)?
0
votes
1answer
163 views

checking isomorphism between K regular graph

Problem Input is a k regular graph of n vertices and I have to check whether this is isomorphic to another given k regular graph G. This is a restricted version of graph isomorphism in the sense that ...
3
votes
1answer
569 views

Is DAG isomorphism NP-C

Given two directed acyclic graphs $G_1$ and $G_2$, is it NP-Complete to find a one-to-one mapping $f:V(G_1) \rightarrow V(G_2)$ such that $(v_i,v_j) \in D(G_1)$ if and only if $(f(v_i),f(v_j)) \in ...
9
votes
2answers
180 views

When polynomial GI implies polynomial (edge) colored GI?

Crossposted from MO. (edge) colored graph isomorphism is GI which preserves the colors (of edges if it is edge colored). There are several reductions using transformations/gadgets of (edge) colored ...
17
votes
2answers
439 views

Complexity of the coset intersection problem

Given the symmetry group $S_n$ and two subgroups $G, H\leq S_n$, and $\pi\in S_n$, does $G\pi\cap H=\emptyset$ hold? As far as I know, the problem is known as the coset intersection problem. I am ...
10
votes
3answers
398 views

Complexity of permutation related problems

Given a group $G$ of permutations on $[n]=\{1, \cdots, n\}$, and two vectors $u,v\in \Gamma^n$ where $\Gamma$ is a finite alphabet which is not quite relevant here, the question is whether there ...
8
votes
2answers
183 views

Graph isomorphism with equivalence relation on the vertex set

A colored graph can be described as tuple $(G,c)$ where $G$ is a graph and $c : V(G) \rightarrow \mathbb{N}$ is the coloring. Two colored graphs $(G,c)$ and $(H,d)$ are said to be isomorphic if there ...
8
votes
1answer
423 views
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Proof of an Ising model representation of graph isomorphism problem

I am going to through Ising formulations of many NP problems by Andrew Lucas. In section $9$ on page 22, the author introduced an exact Ising formulation of the graph isomorphism problem. Given two ...
2
votes
2answers
446 views

How hard is a variant of graph automorphism problem?

I'm interested in a variant of graph automorphism problem (which is $NPI$ candidate). Restricted GA Input: Given an undirected graph $G(E, V)$, and $\epsilon |V|/2$ pairs of nodes $(u, v)$ where $u ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

When replacing an edge with a graph gadget preserves graph isomorphism?

The transformation replacing an edge by a graph gadget is widely used in graph theory. As an example, in an answer Marzio De Biasi subdivided edges which increases the girth while preserving GI. A ...
1
vote
1answer
216 views

Does this paper imply graph isomorphism is polynomial for cubic and $4$-regular graphs?

This paper gives example of polynomial GI for certain graphs. Probably I am misunderstanding the paper, but appears to me it implies polynomial GI for cubic, $4$-regular and probably higher degree ...
18
votes
2answers
350 views

“Tiny” Graph Isomorphism

While thinking about the complexity of testing isomorphism of asymmetric graphs (see my related question on cstheory), a complementary question came to my mind. Suppose that we have a polynomial time ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Infinitary Counting Logics: 1-sorted vs. 2-sorted framework

There are two ways to extend infinitary logic with counting: Grädel's way (cf. p. 11): We extend $L_{\infty\omega}$ by introducing a counting existential quantifier: $$ \mathcal{A} \models ...
9
votes
1answer
157 views

Complexity of counting graph endomorphisms

A homomorphism from a graph $G = (V, E)$ to a graph $G' = (V', E')$ is a mapping $f$ from $V$ to $V'$ such that if $x$ and $y$ are adjacent in $E$ then $f(x)$ and $f(y)$ are adjacent in $E'$. An ...
3
votes
0answers
141 views

Fixed parameter tractable algorithms for graph isomorphism

What are the future directions in fixed parameter tractability of graphs isomorphism after these two recent papers: Reduction Techniques for Graph Isomorphism in the Context of Width Parameters, ...
13
votes
1answer
269 views

Testing isomorphism of asymmetric graphs

While reading the question Examples where the uniqueness of the solution makes it easier to find, a new (easier?) question came to my mind: actually we don't know if the Graph Isomorphism ($GI$) ...
5
votes
2answers
286 views

graph isomorphism given a partial isomorphism

Is there an approach to graph isomorphism considering that we are already given a partial isomorphism ? In particular, it would be interesting to have conditions on this partial isomorphism that makes ...
27
votes
1answer
518 views

Can graph isomorphism be decided with square root bounded nondeterminism?

Bounded nondeterminism associates a function $g(n)$ with a class $C$ of languages accepted by resource-bounded deterministic Turing machines, to form a new class $g$-$C$. This class consists of those ...
5
votes
1answer
182 views

Probability of random (in)finite graphs being isomorphic

I once skimmed a paper which examined the probability of two (infinite) graphs picked at random being isomorph. The surprising result was that for two random infinite graphs this probability is quite ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

Chromatic number of a graph where neighbourhood of each vertex is isomorphic

Consider a graph $G(V,E)$. For any two vertices $v_1 , v_2 \in V$, the subgraph induced by the neigbourhood of vertex $v_1$, denoted by $G_{v_1}$ be isomorphic to the subgraph induced by the ...
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vote
0answers
73 views

Definition of Clique vertex and separator vertex

While converting a tree decomposition of graph to Normalized tree decomposition, the definitions of clique vertex and separator vertex are used in Sequential and parallel algorithms for embedding ...
33
votes
3answers
2k views

Techniques for showing that problem is in hardness “limbo”

Given a new problem in $\mathsf{NP}$ whose true complexity is somewhere between $\mathsf{P}$ and being NP-complete, there are two methods that I know of that might be used to prove that resolving this ...