A heuristic is a procedure that can apply generically to many problems (for example gradient descent, alternating optimization, simulated annealing) but will typically not have formal guarantees associated with its use.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

-3
votes
1answer
54 views

How to recycle a ternary hierarchy?

Let us define a ternary hierarchy as a pair $\cal{T} = (T,k)$ where $T$ is a ternary tree and $k$ is a function assigning a 'karma' $k(x)$ to each node $x$ of $T$; also, denote by $d(x)$ the depth of ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Heuristics for tsp without triangle inequality

Every heuristic for the traveling salesman problem that I know of (Nearest-Neighbour, Christofides, Held-Karp, ...) assumes that the triangle inequality holds. Are there heuristics to solve the tsp ...
5
votes
0answers
109 views

Exploring a DFA, with no feedback

Let $M=(\Sigma,S,s_0,\delta)$ be an (unknown) deterministic finite-state automaton (DFA), with alphabet $\Sigma$, statespace $S$, start state $s_0 \in S$, and transition relation $\delta$. I want to ...
15
votes
5answers
499 views

Fast treewidth algorithms

I would like to compute the treewidth of a graph. There are really good heuristics for other NP-hard graph problems such as VF2 for subgraph isomorphism, with code available in igraph for example. I ...
4
votes
1answer
533 views

Approximation for metric TSP: Worst case using nearest neighbor heuristic?

I'm looking at different heuristics that approximate solutions for a metric Traveling Salesman Problem. I was wondering if there is a worst case ratio of tours calculated by the nearest neighbor ...
5
votes
3answers
198 views

Simplification of weighted NFA

What options does one have for the simplification (meaning reduction in the number of states) of weighted NFA over the probability semiring? From my understanding one can determinize, and then ...
4
votes
0answers
96 views

Find index set partition that has large projections

I have a multiset $S$ of $n$-bit strings. Let $1_S(s)$ denote the number of times that string $s$ appears in $S$, i.e., the multiplicity of $s$ in $S$. I want to find a partition of ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Balanced partitioning of a set of axis-parallel 2D rectangles

Fix a constant $0<\alpha<1/2$. The problem is the following. Suppose there are $N$ axis-parallel rectangles on the 2D plane with weights $w_1, w_2,\ldots, w_N$ and with coordinates all in the ...
8
votes
2answers
301 views

Generating interesting combinatorial optimization problems

I'm teaching a course on meta-heuristics and need to generate interesting instances of classic combinatorial problems for the term project. Let's focus on TSP. We are tackling graphs of dimension ...
8
votes
3answers
282 views

Find the nearest $d+1$ corners of a cube in $\mathbb{R}^d$

How can one find the $d+1$ corners of the unit cube in $\mathbb{R}^d$ nearest a point $x$ in the cube ? Use the L1 metric, so that in 4d |$x$ - 0000| = $\sum {x_i}$, |$x$ - 0001| = $x_3 + x_2 + x_1 + ...
0
votes
0answers
117 views

Tractability of mutual information-augmented ensemble classification algorithms

I am seeking to augment random forest classification using Shannon-Weaver mutual information as a metaheuristic to partition candidate datasets. Specifically, I am trying to determine if such an ...
6
votes
0answers
211 views

Cheapest dissection of a grid polygon into rectangles with cost

My problem: Dissect a grid polygon into rectangles. (A grid polygon is a rectilinear polygon all of whose vertices have integer coordinates.) The rectangles must be taken from a predefined set ...
8
votes
0answers
178 views

what is the best heuristic to solve 3AP with Euclidean costs?

As is well known, assignment problems for $n$-partite graphs, with $n$>2 are NP-hard, where as assignment problems on bipartite graphs can be solved in polynomial time using the Kuhn's Hungarian ...
7
votes
1answer
273 views

Does this bin packing problem have a name?

My problem is related to the standard bin packing problem (where you have bins of capacity $1$, items of capacity $(0,1]$, and want to pack the items into as few bins as possible), but there are a ...
5
votes
2answers
231 views

Self-organizing Sequential Search Heuristics

I've read the paper by Jon L. Bentley "Amortized analyses of self-organizing sequential search heuristics". It deals with different schemes for improving linear search. (such as after every access to ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Resources to get started on fractional graph coloring algorithms

I'm interested in using fractional graph coloring algorithms/solvers to solve a problem, where is a good place to start? I'm looking to find basic/introductory to state-of-the-art algorithms more ...
12
votes
2answers
462 views

Decentralized algorithm for determining influential nodes in social networks

In this paper by Kempe-Kleinberg-Tardos, the Authors propose a greedy algorithms based on submodular functions to determine the $k$ most influential nodes in a graph, with applications to social ...
5
votes
1answer
140 views

Local Smoothness vs optimisation in combinatorial problems

Local smoothness is often mentioned in literature analysing different heuristics and meta-heuristics for combinatorial optimisation. What is meant precisely by local smoothness is often left out, but ...
13
votes
3answers
546 views

Successful application of branch-and-bound methods for NP-hard problems

Branch and bound is an effective heuristic for search problems, and Wikipedia lists a number of hard problems where branch-and-bound has been used. However, I haven't been able to find references to ...
10
votes
3answers
802 views

Theoretical study of coordinate descent methods

I'm preparing some course material on heuristics for optimization, and have been looking at coordinate descent methods. The setting is here a multivariate function $f$ that you wish to optimize. $f$ ...
4
votes
3answers
443 views

A search problem and no algorithm for it

I would like to learn about the following search problem, in particular, which kind of algorithms exist for it. Suppose we have a huge search space $S$. For each element $s \in S$, we have the weight ...
2
votes
2answers
280 views

Heuristics for graph bisection

i'm trying to find an algorithm that will divide my graph in 2 parts by telling me what connections should be broken but the 2 parts should contain about the same number of nodes its for a practical ...
9
votes
1answer
283 views

Heuristics for Optimization

Since it's Friday, it's time for a CW question. I'm looking for heuristics that have wide use in optimization problems. To limit the scope to more 'theory-friendly' heuristics, here are the rules ...
6
votes
0answers
122 views

Does the cohomological approach to Boolean complexity nicely model any BDD heuristics?

In this question, I learned that complexity theorists had considered using Grothendieck topologies to model Boolean circuits. This has not, apparently, led to any new lower bounds yet, but I'm not so ...
19
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the maximum number of stable marriages for an instance of the Stable Marriage Problem?

Stable Marriage Problem: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stable_marriage_problem I am aware that for an instance of a SMP, many other stable marriages are possible apart from the one returned by the ...
6
votes
0answers
212 views

Good MCMC methods for exploring the space of independent sets

Let $G$ be an edge-weighted graph, and let (S, V-S) be a feasible pair if S is a maximal independent set. The weight of a feasible pair is computed by finding for each element of V-S the lightest edge ...
2
votes
1answer
661 views

Ant colony optimization for traveling salesman problem with changing graph-nodes/vertices

Are there any publications focusing on solving TSP with ant colony optimization that consider small changes in the graph's nodes or vertices? So what I have is: a traveling salesman problem (TSP) ...
2
votes
1answer
394 views

Heuristics for the minimum-weight $k$-clique problem

Hello Does someone have an idea for heuristics for the problem: Given undirected weighted(weights on edges) complete graph $G(V,E)[|V|=n,|E| = m]$, find a clique of size $k < n$(k is number ...