# Tagged Questions

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### Are there non-trivial MIP protocols with initially-independent verifiers?

My impression is that for standard constructions of MIP ("Multiple Independent Prover") protocols, the verifiers must have shared randomness. ​ What happens if the verifiers are also independent ...
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### When can arguments for $\mathsf{NP}$ be replaced by $\mathsf{NEXP}$ by employing succinct circuits?

According to papers here https://users.cs.duke.edu/~reif/temp/RandomHardProblems/NovaFandina/succinctPermanent.pdf and here http://perso.ens-lyon.fr/natacha.portier/papers/PY86.pdf questions in ...
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### Complexity of validity problem for Monadic First Order Logic?

Monadic First Order Logic is FOL with no function symbols, and predicate symbols restricted to arity 1. For this question, let's say that the = symbol is also forbidden. I want to know the complexity ...
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### What is the evidence for average case separation between EXP and NEXP?

There is significant evidence from cryptography that there exist NP-complete problems that are hard in the average case (meaning that e.g. $AvgP \nsupseteq DistNP$). Namely, we have candidate one-way ...
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### Is there a counting complexity class for succint problems?

Encoding NP-complete problems succintly often makes them NEXP-complete. I am wondering if counting the number of solutions to such a problem with a succint encoding would be any harder than solving ...
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### #EXP-Complete problems

Let #EXP be the counting variant of NEXP, in the same way that #P is the counting variant of NP. Are there any known #EXP-complete problems? In particular, has #Succinct Sat (the natural candidate) ...
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### $\overline{SAT} \in NTIME(subexp)$?

Is it possible that $\overline{SAT} \in NTIME(\exp(n^{0.9}))$ ? Are there interesting consequences of such containment? Would it contradict the Exponential Time Hypothesis?
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### Do circuits allow to derive EXPSPACE hardness results?

It seems that encoding an NP-complete problem succinctly often makes it nexptime-complete. For instance, 3SAT or HAMILTONIAN PATH become NEXPTIME-complete when the encoding is succint, eg using ...
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### What do we know about $\text{P}^\text{NE}$

I have a $\text{NEXP}$-hard problem, that can be solved by a $\text{NEXP}^\text{NP}$ algorithm using a single oracle call. So from Hemaspaandra we know it is in $\text{P}^\text{NE}$, giving us ...
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### Does $\mathsf{EXP}=\mathsf{NEXP}$ imply $\mathsf{E}=\mathsf{NE}$?

Does $\mathsf{EXP}=\mathsf{NEXP}$ imply $\mathsf{E}=\mathsf{NE}$?