I know that for an unweighted bipartite graph, I can find the minimum vertex cover by first finding the maximum matching and turning it into a vertex cover using König's Theorem. Is there a modification one could use if the nodes are weighted?
The weighted vertex cover problem can be formulated as an Integer Program (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vertex_cover). When the input graph is bipartite, the constraint matrix of this IP is totally unimodular. Hence this IP can be solved in polynomial time.
For more details of total unimodular matrices and the corresponding algorithms, see the excellent (three volume) book by Alexander Schrijver.