Difference between weak duality and strong duality?

For an optimization problem $(P)$ and its dual $(D)$, I have read about two concepts: Weak Duality, and strong Duality. What I don't understand is how they are different:

Weak duality: If $\bar{x}$ is a feasible solution to $(P)$ and $\bar{y}$ is a feasible solution to $(D)$, then:

1. $c^T \bar{x} \le b^T\bar{y}$
2. if equality holds in the above inequality, then $\bar{x}$ is an optimal solution to $(P)$ and $\bar{y}$ is an optimal solution to $(D)$.

Strong duality: If there exists an optimal solution $x'$ for $(P)$, then there exists an optimal solution $y'$ for $(D)$ and the value of $x'$ in $(P)$ equals the value of $y'$ in $(D)$.

Are these two statements not saying the same thing? In other words, isn't the second statement (2.) in definition of Weak duality saying the same thing as strong duality?

Let's say we are given an LP $(P)$ and we find a dual $(D)$. Then can the same dual be used to deduce either strong duality or weak duality?