I have been attempting to show that this problem is $NP$-complete but haven't been successful. I wonder if anyone has a suggestion for a problem I could reduce to it.

$CALLS$: Suppose we have nodes $\{0, \ldots, n - 1\}$, with undirected edges between $(i \mod n, i + 1 \mod n)$ for all $i$. Furthermore, suppose we have a set $C$ of calls, which are the form $(i \mod n, j \mod n)$, and an integer $K$. The problem is to determine whether it is possible to schedule the set of calls (to schedule a call, one decides whether to go clockwise around the circle or counterclockwise) such that the maximum load (i.e. number of calls going through a given edge) is $\le K$.

I have been able to show that if we assign each call a weight the problem is $NP$-complete by reducing $PARTITION$ to it. However, I haven't been able to reduce any $NP$-complete problem to unweighted $CALLS$.


1 Answer 1


Indeed, it can be solved in polynomial time. This is a result by Frank (1985).

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    $\begingroup$ (split every edge $(u_i,u_{(i+1)\bmod n})$ of the circle in 2K edges $(u_i,z_{(i,j)})$ $(z_{(i,j)},u_{(i+1)\bmod n})$ j=1..K to convert the problem to the equivalent $k$ edge-disjoint paths on a planar graph problem) $\endgroup$ Jan 31, 2013 at 11:53

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