# Number of operations to compute product of pairwise sums over a commutative semiring

Let $$S$$ be a commutative semiring and $$T\subset S$$, how many semiring operations are required to compute the following $$\prod_{a,b\in T} a+b$$?

This problem can be solved for commutative rings in $$O(n \log n)$$ ring operations using multipoint polynomial evaluation from a related problem. However, the algorithm requires there is an inverse to addition.

Actually I'm mostly interested in a similar problem. We have $$M = \{A_1,\ldots,A_k\}$$ such that $$A_i\subset S$$. We want to compute

$$\prod_{A\in M} \prod_{A\neq B\in M} \prod_{a\in A,b\in B} a+b$$

with least number of semiring operations.

Not an answer to your exact question, but may be useful if you happen to have a semiring with cancellation: if you have an algorithm which works in any ring, you can apply that algorithm to the difference ring $S-S$ consisting of subtraction pairs $s - t$. The result will have the form $s - t$ where $s,t \in S$, and the answer will be $d \in S$ s.t. $s = d + t$. Thus, in addition to semiring operations, you'd need to perform a single cancellation step at the end.