this is my first time writing a theory paper and I am getting carried away with thoughts when I am writing theory paper's introduction, I have read some web pages telling what points should I mention but I am still confused on how to mention them? like using maths? examples? or just textual theory? its so confusing that it gave me headache. So here I am asking what should I mention in my theory paper's introduction and how?

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    $\begingroup$ This might be too broad and difficult to answer generically...maybe you have a mentor or can ask someone who has published theory papers before? And you can look at published papers for examples of how such introductions are commonly written. $\endgroup$
    – usul
    May 14, 2016 at 22:27
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    $\begingroup$ I can try: think of the reader as an expert in the field. They want to know exactly what problem you are studying, what is the challenge that needs to be overcome, how this relates to prior work results, what the results of the paper are, and the main new ideas behind the results (like a proof technique). Usually these should all be covered to some extent so as to be interesting to an expert, but also accessible to a general theory audience. [Don't take this as written in stone, but hope it helps.] $\endgroup$
    – usul
    May 16, 2016 at 23:27
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    $\begingroup$ Writing an introduction is a skill that takes time, experimentation and experience to develop. My suggestion is to start with a simple and straight forward introduction that sticks to the basics: problem addressed, main results, and a brief overview of related work. See how it looks and refine as needed and/or check with a more experienced person such as an advisor or more senior student who has written papers in the past. $\endgroup$ May 18, 2016 at 1:21
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    $\begingroup$ If I were you and were talking about a field I am not an expert on I would be more humble about any claims of break-through: probably there are mistakes or oversights in the work, probably missing some previous work, probably misunderstanding the problem, etc. $\endgroup$
    – Kaveh
    May 19, 2016 at 22:32
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