Question (1) is easy polynomial time. As Juho has already mentioned in comments, the graphs that can be partitioned into a clique and an independent set are the split graphs. They can be recognized and partitioned in polynomial time, and all valid partitions (if there are more than one) differ by only a single vertex and can also be found in polynomial time (see the Wikipedia article for details). So you simply test whether any of these partitions satisfies your additional constraint.
As for Question (2), it seems you already know that HALF-CLIQUE is NP-complete, so taking an n-vertex hard instance for this problem and adding another n independent vertices produces a hard instance for your problem. That is, the answer is that it is indeed NP-complete.
One could more-or-less mechanically compose this with the hardness reduction for HALF-CLIQUE to get a reduction from a SAT-like problem, but why is that an interesting or useful thing to do?