An Erdos-Renyi graph over $n$ vertices and average degree $d$ is not connected whp iff $d < \log n$. I was wondering for what the degree $d$ would a random regular graph of degree $d$ be connected? In particular will this be connected for some degree less than $\log n$?
For constant $d \geq 3$, a random $d$-regular graph is connected with high probability. In fact, it is an expander with high probability. See for example this note by David Ellis. Friedman even showed that a random $d$-regular graph has nearly optimal spectral gap, with high probability.