# Minimum vertex cover and odd cycles

Suppose we have a graph G without odd cycles. Consider the minimum vertex cover problem of G formulated as a linear programming problem, that is for each vertex $$v_{i}$$ we have the variable $$x_{i}$$, for each edge $$v_{i}v_{j}$$ we have the constraint $$x_{i}+x_{j}\geq1$$, for each variable we have $$0\leq x_{i}\leq1$$ and we have the objective function $$\min\sum\limits_{i}{x_{i}}$$. Note that it is NOT an integer linear programming problem.

Is true that the value of the objective function is the cardinality of the minimum vertex cover of G, that is it is the number of verices of the minimum vertex cover of G?

## 1 Answer

Yes. By Proposition 2.3 of , all elementary fractional extreme points of the LP correspond to subgraphs that contain odd cycles, and therefore if the graph contains no odd cycles, the LP has an optimal solution that takes on only integer values.

 G. L. Nemhauser and L. E. Trotter Jr. Properties of vertex packing and independence system polyhedra. Mathematical Programming, 6:48–61, 1974.