# Cycle double covers of cubic graphs using only a few cycles

This is a reference request question. Let $$G$$ be an arbitrary cubic graph.
Is the problem of finding a cycle double cover $$D$$ of $$G$$ with minimum number of cycles in $$D$$ studied in the literature?

I couldn't find anything related to this in the literature, except for cycle double covers $$D$$ comprised of (exactly) three cycles. It is known that cycle double covers comprised of three cycles (3-CDC) have many interesting properties, e.g.: all three cycles in a 3-CDC are Hamiltonian cycles, and hence the cover will be a Hamiltonian double cover (also called a perfect 1-factorization). If $$G$$ admits such a cover, then $$G$$ is said to be perfectly 1-factorable (another name is Kotzig graph, in honor of Kotzig who presumably studied them for the first time).

I am particularly interested in cycle double covers of $$G$$ comprised of exactly four cycles (of equal length, preferably).

Note: I thought a cubic graph $$G$$ has a 3-CDC iff $$G$$ has a nowhere-zero 4-flow due to Jaeger's characterization , but that wouldn't work because a "cycle" in  basically means "an even (sub)graph" (i.e. a graph where all vertices have even degree). It is true that a cubic graph has a double cover comprised of three even graphs iff $$G$$ has nowhere-zero 4-flow. But, this is different from cycle double covers comprised of exactly three cycles.

## References

 Zhang, Circuit Double Cover of Graphs (Book), Cambridge University Press (2012)

 Rosa, Alexander, Perfect 1-factorizations, ZBL07093124.

 Fetter, Hans L., Some basic properties of multiple Hamiltonian covers, Discrete Appl. Math. 154, No. 13, 1803-1815 (2006). ZBL1096.05032.

 Jaeger, François, A survey of the cycle double cover conjecture, Cycles in graphs, Workshop Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby/Can. 1982, Ann. Discrete Math. 27, 1-12 (1985). ZBL0585.05012.