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In quantum computing, operation by 2 subsequent gates counts as O(1) step, however, if we have to simulate the same operation using a classical computer, we will need to multiply 2 unitary matrices. If classically, each element of the two n x n unitary matrices is represented by m bits, what is the complexity?

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  • $\begingroup$ I think the question is unclear: You should at minimum specify your model of computation over the reals. Are you thinking of Blum–Shub–Smale, type 1, or type 2 computability, or something else? $\endgroup$ yesterday

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