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Consider the well known transportation problem: There are $m$ supply nodes, $n$ demand nodes and $k$ feasible arcs. Every node has a integer supply or demand, and the arcs have integer costs, used linearly, i.e. if $x$ units are shipped along an edge annotated with $c$, the cost is $c\cdot x$.

I have an article by Kleinschmidt and Schannath describing an $O(m\log m (k+n\log n))$ solution.

Is this the currently best algorithm, or has there been an improvement since 1995?

(My search turned up an article by Brenner from 2008, but I don't have access to it. The title talks about the "unbalanced Hitchcock transportation problem", I am not sure it is the problem considered here).

Would this be the right algorithm to implement?

Which libraries provide implementations of the transportation problem?

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  • $\begingroup$ do you need integer transportation or is fractional transportation ok (because the latter is the EMD, is it not ?) $\endgroup$ – Suresh Venkat Mar 31 '12 at 17:39

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