This is my first question on the cstheory stack, so don't be too rude if I'm violating etiquette somehow )
As we know, in mathematics even famous mathematicians, superstars and geniuses are doing serious mistakes time to time. For example, both 4-color theorem and Fermat theorem provide us dramatic cases of how even brightest minds can be deluded. It even can take years to prove the incorrectness of some falsy proofs.
My question is - can you provide some outstanding examples of such mistakes in computer science? I don't know, something like "Dr. X has proved in 1972 that it is impossible to do Y in less than O(log n) time, but in 1995 it turned out that he actually was wrong".