Most implementations of stochastic gradient descent (SGD) rely on floating points. Is there implementations using infinite or finite precision integer arithmetics ?

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    $\begingroup$ Is this question about the theory of stochastic gradient descent or about finding a suitable software package? $\endgroup$
    – Lev Reyzin
    Jan 21, 2012 at 4:32
  • $\begingroup$ The former. I'm not looking for a software library for SGD but rather if there is a paper describing a variant of the algorithm using integer arithmetics. $\endgroup$ Jan 21, 2012 at 17:34
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    $\begingroup$ eh - representing floating point via ints causes all kinds of numerical problems. The "correct" approach is to use adaptively growing (or even infinite) precision as is done in many geometric questions. $\endgroup$ Jan 25, 2012 at 18:09
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    $\begingroup$ I see. This reminds me why I never went into numerical analysis... $\endgroup$
    – Lev Reyzin
    Jan 25, 2012 at 19:31
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    $\begingroup$ I am not sure I understand the point of your question. Why not just change the algorithm to use other representations? (like nested intervals?) $\endgroup$
    – Kaveh
    Jan 28, 2012 at 22:53

1 Answer 1


see eg Neural network training with constrained integer weights Plagianakos, V.P.; Vrahatis, M.N.;

An Integer Recurrent Artificial Neural Network for Classifying Feature Vectors Roelof K Brouwer PEng, Ph

the general idea in various implementations is to represent/approximate real numbers $x \in[0..1]$ as integers in the form $x \cdot 10^m$ where $m$ is some integer exponent.


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