# Minimal sum of matrix elements

Here's my attempt to explain the problem in mathematical language:

$$\text{Given square matrix A}$$ $$\left( \begin{array}{cccc} a_{1,1} & a_{1,2} & \cdots & a_{1,N} \\ a_{2,1} & a_{2,2} & \cdots & a_{2,N} \\ \vdots & \vdots & \ddots & \vdots \\ a_{N,1} & a_{N,2} & \cdots & a_{N,N} \end{array} \right)$$

Find a minimal sum of $N$ elements such that no two elements are in the same row or column. In other words, find $$\min_{\sigma\in S_N}\left\{\sum_{i=1}^Na_{i,\sigma(i)}\right\},$$ where $S_N$ is the set of permutations on $\{1,\ldots,N\}$.

Is there a standard name for this problem?