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Questions tagged [algebra]

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8
votes
1answer
265 views

Factoring low-degree polynomials

What is the fastest algorithm known for factoring polynomials with $n$ variables and total degree $\leq d$? Here, $n$ is growing and $d$ is fixed. Most work seem to consider the case when $d$ is ...
10
votes
1answer
518 views

Complexity of convolution in the max/plus ring

We can do convolution in $O(n\log n)$ for plus/multiply polynomials with FFT. However, the approach doesn't seem very generalisable to rings in general. Has there been any progress over the naive $O(...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Is there a 'process algebra' to describe ACID transactions on a database?

There appears to be this beautiful algebra to help you think through the implications of Communicating Sequential Processes by Hoare. What I'm wondering, is there an equivalent algebra that helps ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

Residual for transitive hull

I work in the algebra $R$ of reflexive, transitive relations over some set $S$, ordered by subset inclusion. This is a complete lattice, with intersection as g.l.b. and transitive hull as l.u.b., i.e. ...
6
votes
1answer
230 views

Bivariate low-degree polynomial testing of Polishchuk-Spielman

In the seminal paper of Polishchuk and Spielman where they give a construction of nearly linear sized $PCP$ for an $NP$ problem, one of the key ingredients is a low-degree test for bivariate ...
13
votes
4answers
689 views

(N)DFA with same initial/accepting state(s)

What is known about the class of languages recognized by finite automata having the same initial and accepting state? This is a proper subset of the regular languages (since every such language ...
7
votes
0answers
173 views

Complete axiomatization of relation algebras without ${}^-$ and $\top$

I'm working on a more thorough algebraic treatment of delta modeling. Briefly, deltas are syntactic entities that can modify products (as in 'software products'). They actually represent relations on ...
9
votes
2answers
753 views

Formal representation of an abstraction hierarchy

Introduction I'm writing my PhD thesis on Abstract Delta Modeling (ADM), an abstract algebraic description of modifications (known as deltas) able to act on products (as in 'software products'). This ...
9
votes
3answers
577 views

Find the remainder of a large fixed polynomial when divided by a small unknown polynomial

Assume we operate in a finite field. We are given a large fixed polynomial p(x) (of, say, degree 1000) over this field. This polynomial is known beforehand and we are allowed to do computation using a ...
27
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the logarithm or root operation in type-space?

I was recently reading The Two Dualities of Computation: Negative and Fractional Types. The paper expands on sum-types and product-types, giving semantics to the types ...
19
votes
4answers
7k views

Abstract algebra for Theoretical Computer Scientists

I have a reasonable undergrad math education but have never been 100% comfortable with abstract algebra (the mathematics of groups, rings, fields etc. ). I think this was partly as I needed to see ...
5
votes
1answer
107 views

Number of operations to compute product of pairwise sums over a commutative semiring

Let $S$ be a commutative semiring and $T\subset S$, how many semiring operations are required to compute the following $$\prod_{a,b\in T} a+b$$? This problem can be solved for commutative rings in $O(...
1
vote
0answers
102 views

Equivalence relations on strongly regular graphs with same parameters

Let $\mathcal{S}$ be the set of all strongly regular graphs with parameter $(n, k, \lambda, \mu)$. Are there any (interesting) equivalence relations defined on this set? My motivation is to approach ...
8
votes
1answer
204 views

Algebraic (or numeric) invariants of complexity classes

I hope this question isn't too naive for this site. In mathematics (topology, geometry, algebra) it is common for one to distinguish between two objects by coming up with an algebraic or numerical ...
0
votes
0answers
120 views

count number of i such that ( (a*i+b) mod p) mod k == l

How to determine the number of $i$'s as fast as possible such that $$1\le i \le L$ and $((ai+b)\mod p) \mod k = l$$ where $p$ is a prime number, $1\lt a, b\lt p-1$, and $l \lt k \lt L \lt p$. This ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to go about proving the basic operators in relational algebra are independent of each other?

The five basic operator select, project, cross, union and diff in relational algebra are independent of each other. I'm trying to formally prove this statement but can only progress for cross product ...
18
votes
2answers
849 views

Is there a theory that combines category theory/abstract algebra and computational complexity?

Category theory and abstract algebra deal with the way functions can be combined with other functions. Complexity theory deals with how hard a function is to compute. It's weird to me that I haven't ...
13
votes
2answers
366 views

What's the bias of random polynomials with low degree over GF(2)?

I have a question concerning low-degree polynomials and probability: What is the (assyptotic behavior of the) probability that a random* polynomial, $p$, over GF(2), with degree $\le d$ and n ...
8
votes
2answers
293 views

Sufficient conditions to guarantee unique fixpoint (not unique least/greatest fixpoint) for monotone functions on complete lattice

Tarski's fixpoint theorem states, that the fixpoints of a monotone operator on a complete lattice is a complete lattice. By consequence, we have a unique greatest fixpoint and unique least fixpoint ...
68
votes
13answers
19k views

Uses of algebraic structures in theoretical computer science

I'm a software practitioner and I'm writing a survey on algebraic structures for personal research and am trying to produce examples of how these structures are used in theoretical computer science (...
16
votes
0answers
359 views

Looking for an operator on polynomials

I have a small, self-contained, math question, whose motivation is from theoretical computer science (specifically, list decoding of algebraic codes, derivative/multiplicity codes, etc). I wonder ...
20
votes
4answers
2k views

Data Structure isomorphisms

Disclaimer: I am not a CS theorist. Coming from abstract algebra, I'm used to dealing with things that are equal up to a isomorphism - but I'm having a trouble translating this concept to data ...
7
votes
2answers
287 views

Smallest representatives of a quotient by an equivalence relation

Background Let $\mathcal{A}=(Q,\Sigma,\delta,q_0,F)$ be a minimal DFA for a regular language $L$ such that $|Q|=n$, and let $\equiv_L$ be the relation given by $$x\equiv_Ly\text{ iff for all $u$: }xu\...
0
votes
0answers
336 views

Commutation between a permutation matrix and the sum of permutation matrices corresponding to n-cycles

Let $S_n$ be the set of all permutations of $n$ elements. Consider the regular representation of $S_n$ in $GL(\mathbb{R}^{n!})$ by $S_n\ni \pi \rightarrow P_\pi$: $(P_\pi)_{\sigma\tau}=1$ if $\pi \...
7
votes
1answer
479 views

On the relation for the Myhill-Nerode theorem/syntactic monoid of a language

In order to characterize regular languages one finds the following definition useful: Let $\Sigma$ be an alphabet and $L\subseteq\Sigma^*$. Say that $x,y\in\Sigma^*$ are $\equiv_L$-related, and ...
6
votes
1answer
308 views

What is an unambiguous language in the sense of Schützenberger?

I'm reading Thomas Wilke's survey on the connections between Temporal Logic and finite automata, finite semigroups and first-order logic. In Theorem 6 (by Kamp), the fragment $\mathrm{TL}[\mathsf{F},\...
41
votes
12answers
2k views

Gröbner bases in TCS?

Does anyone know of interesting applications of Gröbner bases to theoretical computer science? Gröbner bases are used to solve multi-variate polynomial equations, an NP-hard problem in general. I was ...
9
votes
2answers
312 views

Are there any 'graphical' algebras that can describe the 'shape' of graphs?

One of the main problems in graph enumeration is determining the 'shape' of a graph, e.g. the isomorphism class of any particular graph. I am fully aware that every graph can be represented as a ...
6
votes
1answer
361 views

Is there any research on Turing machines with transition relation homomorphic to given algebraic structure?

A Turing machine is defined as a structure $ TM(L,Q,T) $, where $L,Q$ are sets of symbols and internal states of TM respectively, and T is a transition relation: $T: L \times Q \to L \times Q $ for ...
18
votes
3answers
778 views

Computing sum of sparse polynomials squared in O(n log n) time?

Suppose we have polynomials $p_1,...,p_m$ of degree at most $n$, $n>m$, such that the total number of nonzero coefficients is $n$ (i.e., the polynomials are sparse). I am interested in an efficient ...
18
votes
1answer
3k views

The quad-edge data structure (Delaunay/Voronoi)

2 questions for the computational geometers or algebraists: I am just beginning to dive into computational geometry and I am loving it =) I am attempting to read the famous article by Guibas and ...
7
votes
3answers
421 views

Field extensions in CS

A field is a set with two binary operations called addition and multiplication satisfying various axioms. Wikipedia article: Field_(mathematics) A field extension is when you add a new element and ...
17
votes
3answers
599 views

Formal representation of rings in computations

While reading a paper about using algebraic methods to detect some induced subgraphs, it appears that edge ideal is an important tool connecting commutative algebra and graph theory. Since I'm not ...
4
votes
0answers
674 views

Is Witten's new method of quantization useful for geometric complexity theory? [closed]

The Kempf-Ness theorem (see e.g. arXiv:0912.1132) - that the algebraic quotient of geometric invariant theory is also a symplectic quotient - suggests (to me) that certain physical constructions used ...
28
votes
6answers
2k views

Alternative proofs of Schwartz–Zippel lemma

I'm only aware of two proofs of Schwartz–Zippel lemma. The first (more common) proof is described in the wikipedia entry. The second proof was discovered by Dana Moshkovitz. Are there any other ...
6
votes
5answers
282 views

What is/are the lower bounds for finding a something akin to complex residue?

Given a function $\sum_{i=-N}^N{c_i x^i}$: $f(x) \equiv \sum_{i=-N}^N{c_i x^i}$ where $c_i$ is an integer; $0 \le c_i \le a$ for some $a$. The constant $c_0$ is desired, and we start with only $f(x)...
14
votes
3answers
565 views

Hardness Guarantees for AES

Many public-key cryptosystems have some kind of provable security. For example, the Rabin cryptosystem is provably as hard as factoring. I wonder whether such kind of provable security exists for ...
4
votes
1answer
216 views

Optimizing multiplication in a partly commutative semigroup

Let us say I have a semigroup M and its basis B. I know which elements of B commute. What is the most efficient way to do multiplication in such a semigroup? Essentially, this is a question of how ...
6
votes
2answers
624 views

Proof of a unique homomorphism from an initial object

What is the proof that there is only one homomorphism from an initial object to another object?