Questions tagged [approximation-algorithms]

Questions about approximation algorithms.

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A continuum version of the 1D k-means clustering problem: constant factor approximations

Modify the k-means clustering problem in 1D by assuming that, instead of a finite number of observations, we must classify into $K$ clusters a continuum of observations, distributed on the unit ...
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1answer
31 views

Best approximations of Minimum Dominating Sets in chordal graphs

I am searching results and papers related to the (in)approximability of the Minimum Dominating Set problem in chordal graphs. In particular, what is the best approximation ratio achievable in polytime ...
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Algorithms and approximations for optimal offline binary tree operations

Let's say we are using a binary tree to represent a set of elements, with operations $\mathsf{insert}(x)$ and $\mathsf{delete}(x)$. We will assume that the operations are used such that a deleted ...
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90 views

Can hash functions speed up quantum simulation? (Generalizing May and Schlieper's idea) [closed]

To conform with the CS Theory SE crossposting rules, I've created a separate post for dequantizing Shor's algorithm (discussion on the Quantum Computing Stack Exchange was mostly about Shor's ...
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81 views

Jump number approximation algorithm

A linear extension $x_1 x_2 \ldots x_n$ of a partially ordered set (poset) is said to have $k$ jumps if there are $k$ occurrences of consecutive elements that are incomparable with each other -- i.e., ...
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Can the theory of Bidimensionality be applied to weighted instances of a problem?

So my understanding of bidimensionality is you are assured the problem solution is about O(k^2) so you can pay O(k) purely to reduce the instance to one of bounded treewidth. As far as I know, this ...
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53 views

polytime approximability of directed multicut

Does anyone know how well directed multicut can be approximated in planar and minor free graphs? Also any survey of approximability of directed multicut and multicut in various graph classes would be ...
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1answer
62 views

approximate maximum clique given vertex cover

I have a non optimal vertex cover of size k of a graph G, and I want to get a (1+epsilon)-approximation kernel of size linear in k for maximum clique of G. One thing I got is that every clique in G ...
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2answers
100 views

Where to find info on (polytime) approximability of various discrete optimization problems?

Where to find info on (polytime) approximability of various discrete optimization problems? Sorry if this is stupid,but is there a site or reference that keeps up to date info on approximability of ...
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1answer
130 views

Complexity of approximating a real function using queries

Consider the following computational problem, where $I$ is the real interval $[-1,1]$: There is a monotonically-increasing function $f: I\to I$. You are allowed to access it only through queries of ...
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1answer
105 views

What are the worst-case and average-case time complexities of the greedy algorithm for the weighted set cover problem?

Let $X$ be the universe of elements, $F$ a collection of subsets $S \subseteq X$, each with an associated cost. The goal is to find a subcollection $C \subseteq F$ of minimum total cost which covers $...
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1answer
146 views

Good Survey paper for k-means/k-median/k-center/facility-location

I have stated 4 problems in the Question title. All these problems are closely related and are studied in various variations. For example: Space: Euclidean/metric/discrete/continuous/non-metric/2-...
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1answer
335 views

Is the following graph optimization problem approximable within a constant factor?

Let $G=(V,E)$ be an undirected graph, and let $\pi$ be a permutation of the vertices in $V$. For a node $v\in V$, we denote by $\text{pred}_{\pi}(v)$ (respectively $\text{succ}_{\pi}(v)$) the set of ...
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64 views

Separation oracle for hitting all small cut on a graph?

We are given as input an undirected graph $G=(V,E)$, weights $w_e \ge 0$ for all $e\in E$ and an positive integer $k$. We aim to select a set of edges with the minimum weight, such that the cut set of ...
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1answer
80 views

kmeans++ for arbitrary metric spaces and general potential function

I was reading this popular paper "k-means++: The Advantages of Careful Seeding". It appeared in SODA 2007. Since this technique is the most popular clustering technique, I am hoping that my question ...
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33 views

Different version of approximation complexity and algorithm for densest-k-subgraph problem

In the densest-k-subgraph problem, we are given a graph $G =(V,E)$ and $k$, and we are asked to find a set $S \in V$ of vertices to maximize the number of edges in the induced graph of $S$, i.e. $|Ind[...
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1answer
113 views

Additive versus multiplicative accuracy

I am trying to understand the difference between $\epsilon$-additive and $\epsilon$-multiplicative algorithms. The way I understand this definition is as follows. An $\epsilon$-additive algorithm is ...
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1answer
66 views

How can I find dependent rounding procedures with the desirable properties?

I'm seeking for materials on dependent rounding. However, what I've found are two papers: Gandhi, R., Khuller, S., Parthasarathy, S., Srinivasan, A., 2006. Dependent rounding and its applications to ...
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30 views

Polynomial time multiplicative approximation algorithms for logistic regression?

Typically algorithms for logistic regression have an iterative aspect since the problem does not admit a closed form solution. By extension, most iterative algorithms (gradient descent etc.) for ...
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34 views

Efficient algorithm for finding segregators in a directed acyclic graph

Given a directed acyclic graph $G=(V,E)$, we define a $(\alpha,\beta)$-segregator of $G$ to be a subset $S$ of $V$ of size $\alpha$ such that no vertex in $G\setminus S$ has more than $\beta$ ...
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1answer
66 views

Approximation Ratio of Local search for $k-$center problem

In the $k-$center problem, you're given $V$ points in Eucledian space, and you're asked to get a subset $C\subset V, |C|=k$ such that $\max _{v\in V}d(v, Closest-Center(C,v))$ is minimized. Now I am ...
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1answer
61 views

Is it possible to approximate the solution of NP-Hard problems in polynomial time using linear programming? [closed]

Suppose we have a NP-Hard problem such as the k-col, which is meant to determine if a graph may be colored using at most ...
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1answer
83 views

Finding the size $k$ subset in a metric space that maximizes the min distance between elements

I have a metric space $(X,d)$ and I'd like to find a subset of size k of far away elements. We can cast this as the following optimization problem $\max_{S \subseteq X, |S| = k} ( \min_{i \not = j, ...
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95 views

Complexity of a scheduling problem with a fixed left bound of jobs

Consider the following scheduling problem. We have a finite set of jobs $\mathcal{J}= \{j_1, j_2, ..., j_n\}$ to do. Every job $j_i$ has its own value $c_i$ (the amount of money we are paid for ...
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1answer
106 views

is this selection problem np-hard? [closed]

Give $n$ clusters $C=\{C_i\}_{i=1}^n$ where each cluster consists of a set of similar points, i.e., $C_i=\{c_j\}_{j=1}^{|C_i|}$. The similarty between two points $c_i$ and $c_j$ is denoted as $w(c_i,...
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1answer
149 views

Is this greedy algorithm for vertex cover studied before?

For the vertex cover problem (Given a graph $G$, find a minimum set $S$ of vertices such that $G - S$ is edgeless), there are two famous greedy algorithms. The edge greedy (finding an edge and taking ...
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1answer
917 views

Sequential vs Distributed algo question

If a certain graph problem in the $\textbf{sequential}$ setting is proven to have "no" better constant-factor approximation algorithm than say a 2-approx. algorithm in polynomial time, then does this ...
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1answer
69 views

the shorstest cycle containing two given points

I am given a edge-weighted (multi)graph $G$ and two of its vertices, $u, v\in V(G)$. I want to find two edge-disjoint paths that connects $u$ and $v$ while minimizing the sum of the lengths of the ...
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1answer
952 views

Is an algorithm with an approximation factor of 4000 useful?

A paper published in SODA this year (2019) proposed a constant approximation algorithm for the lower bounded facility location problem with general lower bounds. To my surprise, when reading the ...
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64 views

Relaxed minimum dominating set

(I moved this question from cs exchange to here, because it might be more on the topic here) Let $G=(V,E)$ be a directed graph with $n$ nodes. For a subset of nodes $S\subseteq V$, let $\mathcal{N}(S,...
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61 views

What is the run-time of LP?

Are there any further generalizations known to the result about run-time of a LP than what is stated in Theorem 1 of these lecture notes, https://nisheethvishnoi.files.wordpress.com/2018/05/lecture71....
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42 views

Approximate nearest neighbor search for $(\ell_p)^p$ metric, $0 < p < 1$

It is well known that approximate bichromatic nearest-neighbor search can be solved in sub-quadratic time for the $\ell_1$ and $\ell_2$ norms, as well as some other metrics. Are there any such results ...
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1answer
369 views

Why is the Greedy Conjecture so difficult?

I recently learned about the Greedy conjecture for the Shortest Superstring Problem. In this problem, we are given a set of strings $s_1,\dots, s_n$ and we want to find the shortest superstring $s$ ...
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219 views

Martingale exit arguments for gradient Langevin dynamics

I am concerned about the proof of Lemma 6.3 (page 18) of this paper, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1902.08179.pdf which shows that for smooth convex functions the gradient Langevin dynamics has a high ...
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1answer
233 views

What is the fastest known algorithm for computing a 1.99-approximation of Vertex Cover?

It is known that computing $(\sqrt 2 -\epsilon)$-approximation for VC is NP-hard and that UGC implies that even a $(2 -\epsilon)$-approximation is hard. There is also a parameterized algorithm for ...
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80 views

Alternative criterion for approximate maximum-weight perfect matching algorithms

I have asked this question in cs.stackeschange, and it was recommended to me that I asked it here. Is there any literature on approximate maximum-weight perfect matchings where the approximation ...
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0answers
51 views

A “cut” packing problem

Consider the following maximisation problem. Given a path $P=\{1,2,\dots,n\}$ over $n$ vertices, a set $D\subseteq P\times P$ of "edges" and a set of positive integers capacities $\mathcal{C}=\{c_{i,...
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What is the communication complexity of approximating addition?

In my circuit complexity research, I came across the need to find the communication complexity of approximating addition. Specifically, the class of problems I am interested in is parametrized by four ...
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1answer
105 views

finding maximum weight subgraph

My graph is as follows: I need to find a maximum weight subgraph. The problem is as follows: There are n Vectex clusters, and in every Vextex cluster, there are some vertexes. For two vertexes in ...
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59 views

Algorithms for Maximum weight connected subgraph in planar graphs

I wonder what is known about the two following maximisation problems. Maximum weight connected subgraph : Input : A graph $G$, with weights $w_v\in \mathbb{R}$ for each vertex $v \in V(G)$ Output :...
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Example of a hardness-of-approximation proof which improves the approximation factor?

Are there any examples of hardness-of-approximation reductions where we get a better hardness bound for the problem we've reduced to than the problem we've reduced from? In the examples I've seen so ...
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1answer
161 views

Count satisfying assignments of CNF formulas over all possible negation assignments

Consider the set of all CNF instances that can be generated by adding negations to a single monotone CNF instance. How hard is it to compute the sum of the counts of satisfying assignments for the set?...
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$XP_{\text{uniform}}=FPT$ and update to $EPTAS$ section in complexity zoo?

Complexity zoo in https://complexityzoo.uwaterloo.ca/Complexity_Zoo:E#eptas has the following: $FPT = XPuniform\implies EPTAS = PTAS$. Fundamentals of Parametrized complexity on page $534$ has ...
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1answer
72 views

NP-intermediate approximation regimes for natural problems within the MAX-k-CSP family

I would like to know whether there are any examples of natural problems within the MAX-$k$-CSP family for which (under standard/reasonable conjectures) we believe the following: There is a value $\...
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1answer
58 views

How is additive error handled in this simple algorithm? 'Product of all elements'

Say we have two unit vectors $\hat{u}, \hat{v} \in \mathbb{R}^n$ where $\hat{u} = (u_1,...,u_n)$ and $\hat{v}$ approximates $\hat{u}$. $~\hat{v} = (u_1+\epsilon, ...,u_n+\epsilon)$ where $\epsilon = \...
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2answers
84 views

Machine Learning Algorithm To Fill Data Holes

I'm having trouble finding a good place to begin with this. I'm just looking for a name or point to start researching a Let's say I have 1000 records. 10 of these records are only 90% complete. The ...
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43 views

Stable recovery of signals by $\ell_1$ optimization

Suppose the received vector $y$ is generated from a vector $x^*$ as $y = { D}x^* + z$ for some ``dictionary" matrix ${D}$ and noise vector $z$ s.t for some $\epsilon >0$ we have, $\Vert z \Vert_2 \...
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1answer
162 views

Intuitive explanation behind Goemans-Williamson randomized rounding

A very simple randomized cut algorithm achieves $1/2$ of the optimal value: just choose each vertex to be in the cut with probability $1/2$, independently. Goemans-Williamson does something more ...
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83 views

What is the competitive ratio of a $d$-way associative LRU cache?

In a caching problem, items arrive online, and the algorithm needs to decide which elements to keep in the cache. If the current item is not cached, we pay a penalty of $1$. It is well known that for ...
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1answer
116 views

Maximum-minimum satisfiability

In MAX-SAT, given a formula, we want to maximize the number of satisfied clauses: given a formula $\phi = c_1 \cap \cdots \cap c_n$, where each $c_i$ is a disjunction, we want to find the largest $k\...

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