Questions tagged [approximation-algorithms]

Questions about approximation algorithms.

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292 views

Fuzzy K-modes clustering how to find the cluster centers

I'm trying to understand [fuzzy k-modes][1] algorithm (look mainly at page 3) in order to implement it. I'm stuck at the calculation of cluster centers they said as shown in the link https://...
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1answer
665 views

Is Max-Cut APX-complete on triangle-free graphs?

In the Max-Cut problem, one seeks a subset S of vertices of a given simple undirected graph such that the number of edges between S and the complement of S is as large as possible. Max-Cut is APX-...
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1answer
356 views

Finding largest closest subsets

Original question: Base problem: Let $A\subset \mathbb{N}$ be a finite set with elements $a_k$, ($k=1,...,L$). We compose subsets $s_i$ ($i=1,...,N$) from $A$. Elements cannot be repeated within ...
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1answer
158 views

Local Smoothness vs optimisation in combinatorial problems

Local smoothness is often mentioned in literature analysing different heuristics and meta-heuristics for combinatorial optimisation. What is meant precisely by local smoothness is often left out, but ...
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1answer
311 views

k-clustering problems

I'm interested in open questions from the book Approximation Algorithms for NP-Hard Problemss dedicated to k-clustering. They are: Is Euclidean max cut solvable in polynomial time? If not, how well ...
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2answers
366 views

A variant of maximum matching: disjunctive constraints on the endpoints' degrees of edges in matching

The question is asked first at here. It described what the problem is and a trival greedy algorithm. Also the accepted answer gave a proof of its NP-completeness. Problem: Given a graph $G(V,E)$, ...
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4answers
1k views

Compendium of the Best Approximation and Hardness Results for NP optimization problems

Do you know any up-to-date wiki dedicated to NP optimization problems with their best approximation and hardness result? Based on the feedback, it seems that it is safe to assume there is not such a ...
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679 views

Building a decision tree to approximate a known function (not to learn an unknown function)

I have a function $f: \mathbb{D} \rightarrow \{0,1\}$ where $\mathbb{D} \in \mathbb{R}^{5000}$. I would like to approximate $f$ using a decision tree. Up to now I have only found literature in the ...
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Difference between Primal Dual Algorithm for Proper and Uncrossable Functions

Williamson with many of his co-authors had worked on generalized primal dual algorithms on edge weighted graphs considering three types of functions: (1) super-modular functions (2) proper functions ...
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279 views

A approximation version of the Goldreich-Levin Theorem

A little introduction The Goldreich-Levin Theorem says that let $f$ a one-way function and set $f'(x,r)=(f(x),r)$ where $|r|=|x|$ then $\langle x, r \rangle = \sum_{i}x_ir_i \mod 2$ is an hard-core ...
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A question regarding Improved Algorithm for Degree Bounded Survivable Network Design Problem

In the paper "Improved Algorithm for Degree Bounded Survivable Network Design Problem", by N. Vishnoi and A Louis, have used the iterated rounding approach in a similar as by Jain in designing the ...
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Results regarding Bounded Diameter Minimum Spanning Tree

Given edge weighted undirected graph the problem asks to output a spanning tree $T$ of minimum weight such that the path between any two vertices in the tree $T$ is bounded by the input $k$. One of ...
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log(OPT) approximation for directed balanced vertex separator

Leighton, Rao presented an $O(\log n)$ approximation algorithm for directed and undirected balanced vertex separator. Agarwal, Charikar, Makarychev, Makarychev improved this approximation factor of ...
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1answer
238 views

Connectivity Problem

Hi. I have a problem but not sure if there is some literature on it or whether it has a standard name. Please let me know some reference from where I can begin. Given undirected graph along with some ...
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1answer
279 views

3 colorable graphs

I was trying to understand the underlying difficulty of coloring 3 colorable graphs with as least number of colors as possible. Though i am aware of hardness result of coloring it with 4 colors, i ...
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1answer
1k views

Max-cut via linear programming or sdp

I am looking for a linear programming formulation for the max-cut problem. My interest is to know about the primal - dual algorithm for max-cut. It would be nice if someone can tell me that what is ...
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127 views

Finding an index set so that row sums are positive

Assume $A$ is a $n$-dimensional matrix of real numbers. The diagonal entries are non-negative, and all other entries are non-positive. I would like to find a subset $I \subseteq \{1, 2, \ldots n\}$ of ...
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1k views

Relation between fixed parameter and approximation algorithm

Fixed parameter and approximation are totally different approaches to solve hard problems. They have different motivation. Approximation looks for faster result with approximate solution. Fixed ...
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4answers
486 views

Dimensionality reduction with slack?

The Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma says roughly that for any collection $S$ of $n$ points in $\mathbb{R}^d$, there exists a map $f:\mathbb{R}^d \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^k$ where $k = O(\log n/\epsilon^2)$ ...
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2answers
338 views

Hardness of additive approximation to Graph Coloring problem.

In paper Approximation Algorithms for the Chromatic Sum, page 18, authors state that based on the fact that the Graph Coloring problem is hard to approximate with a ratio less than 2 (under the ...
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1answer
262 views

Explain 0-extension algorithm

I'm trying to implement an approximation algorithm for the 0-extension problem I found the following paper: Approximation Algorithms for the 0-extension problem by Gruia Calinescu, Howard ...
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918 views

Why is Metric TSP's best possible achieved approximation ratio believed to be 4/3?

Is it just that integrality gaps (LP/IP) for specific instances do not give more than 4/3? Thanks in priori.
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1answer
198 views

Question on the Prize-Collecting TSP's ratio related to inapprox. of general TSP

The Prize-Collecting TSP (PCTSP) is defined as the ordinary TSP with the difference that penalties are added to nodes; so we may avoid visiting a node paying its penalty, which is added to the overall ...
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1answer
595 views

Deciding if a wildcard string is completely matched by another wildcard string in a set

Here's a problem that has been bugging me for a while. Let's say a string is a sequence of 1s and 0s, and a wildcard string is a sequence of 1, 0, and ?s. All strings and wildcard strings have the ...
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530 views

Approximation algorithm for Minimum Fill-In and/or minimum elimination ordering (for directed graphs)

Recently while working on a problem, I had to go through some of the literature on nested dissection. I happen to have one (maybe two?) questions related to the same. First, I will define a few ...
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2answers
436 views

Existence of $opt^c$-approximation of Dominating Set with $c < 1$?

Consider the Dominating Set problem in general graphs, and let $n$ be the number of vertices in a graph. A greedy approximation algorithm gives an approximation guarantee of factor $1 + \log n$, i.e. ...
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3answers
822 views

Poly-time approximation scheme for problems with pseudo-polynomial time algorithms

The question is: Does a poly-time approximation scheme always exist for NP-complete problems that have pseudo-polynomial time algorithms (like knapsack for example)?
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392 views

Hardness of Happynet problem

I have been recently researching Happynet in terms of approximation and I have found out that there is a little interest in this topic. What's the reason for this? Are there any related problems, ...
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1answer
424 views

Examples of hard instances for Goemans and Williamson algorithm

I'm interested in the explicit examples of graphs for which application of Goemans and Williamson algorithm for approximating maximum cuts results in 0.878…-approximation factor. The algorithm to ...
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2answers
606 views

Estimating VC-Dimension

What is known about the following problem? Given a collection $C$ of functions $f:\{0,1\}^n\rightarrow\{0,1\}$, find a largest subcollection $S \subseteq C$ subject to the constraint that VC-...
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3answers
2k views

Integrality gap and approximation ratio

When we consider an approximation algorithm for a minimization problem, the integrality gap of an IP formulation for this problem gives a lower bound of an approximation ratio for certain class of ...
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1answer
451 views

Graph decompositions for combining "local" functions of vertex labelings

Suppose we want to find $$\sum_x \prod_{ij \in E} f(x_i,x_j)$$ or $$\max_x \prod_{ij \in E} f(x_i,x_j)$$ Where max or sum is taken over all labelings of $V$, product is taken over all edges $E$ for a ...
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502 views

Why differential approximation ratios are not well-studied comparing to standard ones despite of their claimed benefits?

There is a standard approximation theory where the approximation ratio is $\sup\frac{A}{OPT}$ (for problems with $MIN$ objectives), $A$ - the value returned by some algorithm $A$ and $OPT$ - an ...
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1k views

Polynomial time approximation algorithms for machine scheduling: how many open problems are left?

In 1999, Petra Schuurman and Gerhard J. Woeginger published the paper "Polynomial time approximation algorithms for machine scheduling: Ten open problems". Since then, to the best of my knowledge, ...
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1answer
757 views

Why do NP-complete problems not have similar approximation ratios?

Since 2 NP-complete problems are by definition reducible to each other, so a solution to one of them can be obtained by using a black-box solving the other one, why don't they have similar ...
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225 views

Follow-up on Nair/Tetali's Correlation Decay Tree for hypergraphs?

I'm wondering if anybody has followed up on Nair/Tetali's correlation decay tree construction for hypergraphs. I didn't find anything relevant in back-citation on google scholar. Interesting question ...
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458 views

Partitioning a segmented stick

Problem : We are given a stick partitioned into n - equal parts. Each of these parts has a weight, let's say x. Number of times x appears as weight of some part is guaranteed to be even. For ...
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547 views
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Bounded-cardinality bounded-frequency set cover: hardness of approximation

Consider the minimum set cover problem with the following restrictions: each set contains at most $k$ elements and each element of the universe occurs in at most $f$ sets. Example: the case $k = 4$ ...
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3answers
563 views

What are the problems with the best approximation ratio achieved by algorithm returning uniformly random solution?

What are the problems with the best known approximation ratio achieved by an algorithm returning a uniformly random solution? I know one such example for permutation flow shop problem $F|perm|C_{max}...
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2k views

A simple approximation algorithm for the TSP

Consider the following extremely simple approximation algorithm for the TSP. Input: A complete weighted graph $G=(V,E).$ Take any three vertices $a,b,c\in V$ and let $H:=(a,b,c,a).$ While there ...
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3answers
724 views

A Multi-cut Problem

I'm looking for a name or any references to this problem. Given a weighted graph $G = (V, E, w)$ find a partition of the vertices into up to $n = |V|$ sets $S_1,\ldots,S_n$ so as to maximize the ...
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2answers
849 views

Approximation algorithms for MAX-CUT, when sizes of partition sets are fixed

The MAX-CUT problem has constant factor approximation, but we can't control the sizes of the sets in resulting partition. What is known about maximizing cut size, if we restrict one part of the ...
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What are the best possible time/error tradeoffs for approximate solution of linear programs?

For concreteness consider the LP for solving a two-player zero-sum game where each player has $n$ actions. Suppose each entry of the payoff matrix $A$ is at most 1 in absolute value. For simplicity ...
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773 views

Set Cover for Permutation Matrices

Given a set S of nxn permutation matrices (which is only a small fraction of the n! possible permutation matrices), how can we find minimal-size subsets T of S such that adding the matrices of T has ...
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1answer
227 views

Relaxing $\ell_0$ constraints in an optimization

I have a feasibility question that can be framed as follows. I'm given a point $p$ in a $d$-dimensional vector space, and I want to find the closest point $q$ to $p$ that satisfies a set of "$\ell_0$ ...
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960 views

When is relaxed counting hard?

Suppose we relax the problem of counting proper colorings by counting weighted colorings as follows: every proper coloring gets weight 1 and every improper coloring gets weight $c^v$ where $c$ is some ...
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352 views

complexity of fitting models to data

Suppose $f:\mathbf{R}\times \mathbf{R} \to \mathbf{R}$ is some some continuous function $x_1 \ldots x_n$ is a set of real values, and we'd like to compute $\text{argmin}_a \sum_i f(a,x_i)$ to ...
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522 views

Average distortion embeddings

Consider two metric spaces $(X, d)$ and $(Y, f)$, and an embedding $\mu : X \rightarrow Y$. Traditional metric space embeddings measure the quality of $\mu$ as the worst-case ratio of original to ...
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1answer
429 views

High probable polynomial time algorithm for NP-hard problems?

Many NP-complete or NP-hard problems are addressed under the assumption that the problem instances are uniformly distributed. However, it is not true for real world applications. One example is the ...

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