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Questions tagged [cc.complexity-theory]

P versus NP and other resource-bounded computation.

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votes
1answer
47 views

Can I prove this polynomial reduction?

Consider Barely-3-SAT: given a CNF $F=\wedge^m C_i$ determine whether there is an assignment such that exactly one clause $C_k$ is true all the others are false. I want to show this is $NP$-complete. ...
12
votes
1answer
271 views

Is there a P-complete language X such that succinct-X is in P?

I came across a paper called "A Note on Succinct Representation of Graphs". It seems that in the discussion section they claim that for any problem $X$ that is $\mathrm{P}$-hard under projections, $\...
9
votes
0answers
218 views

Complexity of a problem over acyclic context-free grammars

Let $G$ be an acyclic, context-free grammar over a fixed alphabet $\Sigma=\{a_1,\dots,a_k\}$ with the restriction (without loss of generality) that $|w|=2$ for each rule $A\to w$ in the grammar. ...
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votes
2answers
142 views

Do Turing complete languages automatically have efficient algorithms [on hold]

Every Turing complete programming language can describe an algorithm that sorts sequences. Is it also true that every Turing complete language can describe an algorithm that sorts sequences in $\...
22
votes
1answer
728 views

Complexity of a matrix problem

The following problem recently appeared in my research. Being no expert on algorithmic questions I have Googled extensively in the search for suitable problems to reduce from. I don't see how 3SAT ...
-3
votes
0answers
252 views

Is there any chance these results are correct? [closed]

P versus NP is considered as one of the most important open problems in computer science. This consists in knowing the answer of the following question: Is P equal to NP? A precise statement of the P ...
3
votes
2answers
198 views

Is this partition problem strongly NP-complete?

Some computational problems have variants that appear to be harder. For instance, Graph Automorphism (GA) problem has quasi-polynomial time algorithm ( by Babai's Graph Isomorphism result) while the ...
2
votes
0answers
134 views

Best polynomial-time approximation factor for NP-optimization problems

Let us say that a function $f(n)$ is the best approximation factor for an NP-optimization problem, if both of the following hold: There exist a polynomial-time algorithm $A,$ and an integer $n_0$, ...
23
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1answer
2k views
-4
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0answers
73 views

Prove that if A is NP-complete and B is coNP-complete, than AxB is NP-, coNP-complete

AxB means cartesian product of A and B. May someone help me with this? I even have no idea how to prove that AxB belongs to NP or coNP
31
votes
17answers
2k views

Hardness jumps in computational complexity?

Minimum bandwidth problem is to a find an ordering of graph nodes on integer line that minimizes the largest distance between any two adjacent nodes. A $k$-caterpillar is a tree formed from main path ...
16
votes
3answers
720 views

Which $AC^0$ problems are not “truly feasible”?

Neil Immerman's famous Picture of The World is the following (click to enlarge):                    &...
8
votes
0answers
91 views

Does ${\bf CFLPAD}={\bf PPAD}$?

What happens if we define ${\bf PPAD}$ such that instead of a polytime Turing-machine/polysize circuit, a (non-)deterministic finite/push-down automaton encodes the problem? I asked a similar ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Permuting the columns of a 0/1-matrix to avoid short segments

Consider an $n \times n$ table with $n$ stars such that each row contains at most $\log n$ stars. The stars break each row into segments (continuous parts of a row without stars). Let's call a segment ...
-7
votes
2answers
562 views

Validity implies NP=#P? [closed]

Valid progams for NP imply every solution is a valid answer. NP not equals #P implies not all solutions are answers. Therefore, Validity implies NP=#P. NP is the problem class for ...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

Minimal information needed for determine some function

From calculus, we know that if someone has a continuous function $f$, it is enough to know $f$'s values on the rationals in order to know $f$ on the entire line. In some sense, a "countable amount of ...
10
votes
1answer
223 views

Have people looked for parameterized algorithms for problems that are not in NP?

Are there problems that are not in NP (e.g., NEXP-complete problems) but admit FPT algorithms for a reasonable parameterization (and specifically, the standard parameterization of a problem -- the ...
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votes
2answers
77 views

Is it possible to have a sorting algorithm that computes faster than QuickSort? [closed]

Given an unsorted array, QuickSort has to touch each source element it is trying to sort multiple times before it declares an array as sorted. (notice how many times the 2 is touched [circled in red ...
27
votes
1answer
1k views

Functions that are Not Efficiently Computable but Learnable

We know that (see, e.g., Theorems 1 and 3 of [1]), roughly speaking, under suitable conditions, functions that can be efficiently computed by Turing machine in polynomial time ("efficiently computable"...
2
votes
1answer
198 views

Deciding whether a graph contains a complete balanced bipartite graph

Is it known whether the following problem is in P or is NP-complete? Problem: given an input graph $G$ on $n$ vertices, decide whether $G$ contains a complete $n/2 \times n/2$ bipartite graph.
6
votes
0answers
75 views

Can relativization technique be applied to natural NP-complete languages?

Levin [1] defined distNP is the distributional problem (L,D), where L ∈ NP, and D is an ensemble of efficiently samplable distributions over problem instances. We say that a distNP problem (L,D) is ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Are there any continuous-time stochastic processes in which transition probabilities are discontinuous functions over time? [closed]

In stochastic processes, like homogeneous Markov processes, Poisson processes, Queueing systems etc., the functions that represent (transition) probabilities are continuous over time. This is also ...
2
votes
0answers
173 views

BQNC and Abelian Hidden Subgroup Problem

We know integer factorization is in $BPP^{BQNC}$ from Cleve and Watrous. Is Abelian Hidden Subgroup Problem also in $BPP^{BQNC}$? In particular is Discrete Logarithm in $BQNC$ or at least in $BPP^{...
8
votes
1answer
187 views

How “hard” is it to maximize a polynomial function subject to linear constraints?

General Problem Suppose we have a multivariate polynomial function $f(\mathbf{x})$, and several linear functions $\ell_i(\mathbf{x})$. What is known about the complexity of solving the following ...
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0answers
39 views

Proofs of the form “$A, B \in \mathcal{NP}\setminus{\mathcal{P}}, \ A, B \not\in \mathcal{NP-C}, \ A \not\leq_p B$” [migrated]

I'm currently learning about complexity classes and I have a few general questions: Assume $A, B \in \mathcal{NP}\setminus{\mathcal{P}}, \ A, B \not\in \mathcal{NP-C}$ are people generally ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Fixed dimension Linear Integer Programming in $NC$

We know if fixed dimension linear integer programming is in $NC$ then integer $GCD$ is in $NC$. Is this the only non-trivial implication of fixed dimension linear integer programming in $NC$?
4
votes
1answer
135 views

Complexity of Acyclic Hypergraph Isomorphism

It is well known that the graph isomorphism problem restricted on trees is much easier than the general case. It can be done in logarithmic space (Jenner B, Lange KJ, McKenzie P. "Tree isomorphism and ...
1
vote
0answers
192 views

EXPSPACE proof and its implications

I'm dealing with the min-max regret 0-1 Integer Linear Programming problem (MMR-ILP, for short), which is formulated as below. \begin{equation} \label{eq:nip_obj} \min_{x \in \Phi} \sum_{i = 1}^n ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Is balanced Hamiltonian cycle NP complete on maximal plane graphs?

I know that the Hamiltonian cycle is NP complete on the class of maximal plane graphs. If we instead ask about balanced Hamiltonian cycles (i.e. same number of faces on both sides) on maximal plane ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Complexity of enumerating over promise problems and circuits?

Given an enumeration over all Turing Machine which run with increasing length, is there a ``complexity class'' which describes the complexity of determining whether a given TM satisfies the promise ...
125
votes
28answers
18k views

Problems Between P and NPC

Factoring and graph isomorphism are problems in NP that are not known to be in P nor to be NP-Complete. What are some other (sufficiently different) natural problems that share this property? ...
11
votes
1answer
234 views

Is DSPACE(n) = DSPACE(1.5n)?

From space-hierarchy theorem it is known that if $f$ is space-constructible then DSPACE($2f(n)$) is not equal to DSPACE($f(n))$. Here, by DSPACE($f(n))$ I mean the class of all problems that can ...
2
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1answer
88 views
11
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0answers
114 views

Can two-tape read-only Turing machines recognize any recursive language?

Suppose that a $k$-tape read-only Turing machine receives its input on each $k$ tapes. It cannot write on the tapes, but it can move on them in both ways, even move off from the input. So for example, ...
1
vote
1answer
380 views

Possible to do Complexity theory with only counting and Pigeonhole

Most of the proofs in the book Computational complexity by Barak and Arora seem to be Pigeonhole in disguise. What are some places in Complexity theory where counting and Pigeonhole was insufficient ...
5
votes
1answer
233 views

Is Murphy's Law of Complexity Theory consistent? What separations/collapses does it imply?

A decade ago I observed what I dub "Murphy's Law of Complexity Theory": whenever a new separation or collapse is discovered, the question is answered in the direction that makes $P\overset?=NP$ most ...
1
vote
1answer
235 views

$P=BPP$ without good PRGs?

We know that the existence of good pseudorandom generators (PRGs) does not only imply $P=BPP$, but also $PromiseP=PromiseBPP$. Let us assume $PromiseP\ne PromiseBPP$. Then good PRGs do not exist. ...
5
votes
1answer
106 views

Counting/Enumerating Minimal Edge Covers

A Minimal Edge Cover is an Edge Cover such that no other Edge Cover is a proper subset of it. Questions Which is the complexity of counting Minimal Edge Covers? Do we know any non-trivial ...
-2
votes
1answer
116 views

Why $PSPACE!=Dtime(2^n)$? [closed]

Why $PSPACE != Dtime(2^n)$? I can not see how padding argument can help here, how can it be proven?
9
votes
1answer
125 views

Best known asymptotic PCP sizes / 3-SAT

What are the best known asymptotic upper bounds on sizes of probabilistically checkable proofs? Ideally, I am looking for a contemporary survey on this broad question, but if there is none, I am ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Minimization version of matrix p-norms?

I considered a minimization version of matrix p-norms, defined for a matrix $A$ by $$ f_p(A)= \min_{x\neq 0} \frac{||Ax||_p}{||x||_p}. $$ Notice that $f_p(A) = 0$ if and only if $A$'s columns are ...
10
votes
0answers
94 views

Complexity of checking $a > br^m + cr^n$, with $r$ rational

I'm wondering if the following problem is decidable in P-time (or even NP): Given $a, b, c \in \mathbb{Z}$ and $m, n, p, q \in \mathbb{N}$ all in binary, decide if $a > br^m + cr^n$, where $r = {p ...
10
votes
1answer
337 views

What is the complexity of this game?

This is a generalization of my previous question. Let $M$ be a polynomial-time deterministic machine that can ask questions to some oracle $A$. Initially $A$ is empty but this is can be changed after ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

Complexity of counting integer roots of multivariate polynomials in a polyhedron?

Deciding integer roots of multivariate polyomials is undecidable. However what is known about counting integer roots of multivariate polynomials in $\mathbb Z[x_1,\dots,x_m]$ with both $m$ and total ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Complexity of finding Exact Size Cut-Sets in Bipartite Graphs

I am interested in the problem of deciding if a cut-set of a given size $k$ (i.e. the number of edges crossing the partitions is $k$) exists in a given bipartite graph (both the graph and $k$ are part ...
10
votes
1answer
160 views

Linear circuit complexity classes

The class $\textrm{NC}^i$ is the class functions computable by circuits families of bounded fan-in, $n^{O(1)}$ size and $O(\log^i(n))$ depth. The $\textrm{NC}$-hierarchy is the union of those classes....
10
votes
1answer
262 views

Is the Kolmogorov complexity of the truth tables of the halting problem known asymptotically?

Let $HALT_n$ denote the string of length $2^n$ corresponding to the truth table of the halting problem for inputs of length $n$. If the sequence of Kolmogorov complexities $K(HALT_n)$ were $O(1)$, ...
25
votes
11answers
830 views

Example where equivalence is easy but finding class representative is hard

Suppose we have a class of objects (say graphs, strings), and an equivalence relation on these objects. For graphs this could be graph isomorphism. For strings, we could declare two strings equivalent ...
3
votes
2answers
396 views

Is there a non-deterministic version of the complexity class PP?

From a quick skim of the literature (and complexity zoo), there doesn't seem to be a non-deterministic version of PP. Is there a reason for this (e.g. PP=non-deterministic PP?) Edit: Perhaps I ...
10
votes
1answer
229 views

Is algorithmic information theory still evolving?

I am currently looking for a subject for a thesis and encountered the field of algorithmic information theory. The field seems very interesting for me, but it seems everything is the field was done ...