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Questions tagged [cc.complexity-theory]

P versus NP and other resource-bounded computation.

1
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0answers
38 views

How to efficiently verify if a semantic symmetry of a CNF formula is valid?

It is easy to verify that a syntactic symmetry of a CNF formula is correct. Is it also possible to check in polynomial time that a semantic symmetry which is not a syntactic symmetry of a formula is ...
8
votes
2answers
252 views

Non-Orthogonal Vectors Problem

Consider the following problems: Orthogonal Vectors Problem Input: A set $S$ of $n$ Boolean vectors each of length $d$. Question: Do there exist distinct vectors $v_1$ and $v_2 \in S$ ...
4
votes
3answers
122 views

Complexity of isotopy of embedded graphs

I am looking for previous work on the following problem: given two graphs embedded in the plane without crossing, determine if they are isotopic. By isotopic I mean that there is a continuous ...
4
votes
0answers
94 views

Asymptotic complexity of mass production

For a function $f:\{0,1\}^n \rightarrow \{0,1\}^m$, let $C(f)$ be the circuit complexity (for concreteness, constants and NOT gates are free, while 2-input AND gates cost 1). Let $k{\times}f : \{0,1\}...
10
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1answer
200 views

Fast classical simulation of quantum algorithms

Are there examples of cases where the classical simulation of a quantum algorithm for a problem outperforms the best previously known classical algorithm for this problem? "Outperforms" doesn't have ...
1
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0answers
57 views

Reasoning about NP hardness of optimization problems with closed form functions as input

(This may not be a research level question per se. I can delete this question if the community thinks this way too) I am trying to understand how to reason about hardness of optimization problems ...
10
votes
1answer
296 views

Sorting with an average of $\mathrm{lg}(n!)+o(n)$ comparisons

Is there a comparison-based sorting algorithm that uses an average of $\mathrm{lg}(n!)+o(n)$ comparisons? Existence of a worst-case $\mathrm{lg}(n!)+o(n)$ comparison algorithm is an open problem, but ...
0
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0answers
37 views

Minimum cost circulation problem with bounded number of edges

Note: the question was taken from https://cs.stackexchange.com/questions/95479/minimum-cost-circulation-problem-with-bounded-number-of-edges Since there was no answer in that forum (even after ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Conesequences of $\forall k\in \mathbb N \space NP\not\subseteq TISP(poly(n),n^k)$

Does $\forall k\in \mathbb N \space NP\not\subseteq TISP(poly(n),n^k)$ has any separation of classes or consequences? My main question is can use this to show that $P \neq NP$ or some thing useful ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Understanding the definition of a “restriction of a resolution derivation”

I am reading the paper An Introduction to Lower Bounds on Resolution Proof Systems. In its subsection 2.3 the author gives an inductive definition of the restriction of a resolution refutation $\pi$. ...
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1answer
224 views

Why is it a mystery if PSPACE ?= EXPTIME?

It seems obvious to me that $PSPACE \neq EXPTIME$. I, however, do not believe that my seemingly obvious logic would not be picked up by more intelligent people if it was so simple, so I'm assuming ...
16
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0answers
416 views

An algebra of complexity classes

A key feature of unrelativized computation is its composability out of smaller fragments, and to partially capture the composability, I came up with an algebra of fine-grained complexity classes. For ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

NP completeness of Hamiltonian cycle for the family of *dual graphs* to plane, cubic, triply connected graphs?

It is well known that the Hamiltonian cycle problem is NP-complete on the family of planar, cubic and triply connected graphs: https://epubs.siam.org/doi/abs/10.1137/0205049 For a problem I'm ...
6
votes
1answer
137 views

Does there exist a polynomial time algorithm to determine whether an equation is a consequence of (x+y)*(y+z)=(x*y)+(y*z)?

Consider the identity $C$ $$(x+y)\times(y+z)=(x\times y)+(y\times z).$$ Is the problem of determining whether an identity is a consequence of $C$ in universal algebra a polynomial time problem? This ...
10
votes
1answer
244 views

Is this game EXPSPACE-complete?

Let $M$ be a polynomial-time deterministic machine that can ask questions to some oracle $A$. Initially $A$ is empty but this is can be changed after a game that will be described below. Let $x$ be ...
5
votes
1answer
97 views

Is Bayes optimal RL of a finite set of DFAs feasible?

Let $Q$ be a finite set of states, $\Sigma$ a finite alphabet, $q_0\in Q$ the start state and $F\subseteq Q$ the set of accepting sets. Let $\{\delta_k:Q\times\Sigma\rightarrow Q\}_{k=1}^n$ be a set ...
3
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0answers
51 views

Pseudodeterministically choosing elements from efficiently samplable distributions (or, the plausibility of a weak choice principle)

Suppose we have a poly-time samplable family of distribution. I.e., a family of distributions $D_n \subseteq \{0, 1\}^{\mathsf{poly}(n)}$ and an algorithm $S$ for which $D_n = (r \leftarrow^\$ \{0,1\}^...
5
votes
3answers
443 views

Sorting a programs instructions until it works

Lets say I have a computer program below. (define (factorial x) (if (= x 0) 1 (else (* x (factorial (- x 1))))) I then take each line of the ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Formal definition of alternative logarithic space turing machine

In barak and arora and other references I found the formal definition for alternative machines and NL but there is no formal definition for AL. NL definition : there is a read only tape for input and ...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

Distributions which are intractable to sample from?

I'm looking for an interesting family of probability distributions $P$ that is intractable to efficiently sample from. I'm not sure what the right notion of intractable is, though I know the notion ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Can we replace deterministic part of alternative turing machine with some other equivalent machines?

I'm sorry if it is a low level question but I am so confusing. If $DTime(n)\subseteq \Sigma_2Time(n^{0.2})$ then $DTime(n) \subseteq \Sigma_2DTime(n^{0.2})$ Is this true that $\Sigma_2DTime(n^{0.2})...
4
votes
1answer
227 views

Is $\textbf{BPP} \subseteq \textbf{P}^{\textbf{NP}}$?

Is it known that $\textbf{BPP} \subseteq \textbf{P}^{\textbf{NP}}$?
1
vote
0answers
258 views

Relationship of the P=PSPACE problem to alternating complexity classes

From a very naive point of view of someone who haven't studied complexity theory in depth, I am wondering whether the theorems that APSPACE=EXPTIME and AP=PSPACE have any derived results on separating ...
3
votes
1answer
218 views

Can we efficiently distinguish between P and BPP?

Let's say algorithm $D$ distinguishes $BPP$ from $P$ if there exists a language $L \in BPP$ such that for all $A \in PTM$, $$D(\langle A\rangle) \in L \leftrightarrow D(\langle A \rangle) \notin L_A$$...
4
votes
0answers
111 views

A variant of hitting set: finding a matching to hit all edge sets

In general, the hitting set problem is given a family $\cal S$ of sub-sets, $\{S_1, \cdots, S_h\}$, and a universal set $U = \bigcup_{i\in [1,h]} S_i$. It asks for a minimum set $H \subseteq U$ ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Deciding whether an interval contains a prime number

What is the complexity of deciding whether an interval of the natural numbers contains a prime? A variant of the Sieve of Eratosthenes gives an $\tilde O(L)$ algorithm, where $L$ is the length of the ...
4
votes
2answers
131 views

Max cut problem between two connected subgraphs

Let $G$ be a connected graph. Consider the problem of finding a partition $G = A \cup B$ into connected subgraphs, so that the cut between $A$ and $B$ is maximized. Is there anything which is known ...
-1
votes
1answer
62 views

Restricted Universe Exact Cover

Apologies for a simple question - I am a beginning graduate student in TCS. Consider the following $\mathrm{ExactCover}$ problem: Given a collection $\mathcal{S}$ of subsets of a universe set $U$ and ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Min cut problem on unbalanced partitions for planar graphs with unit capacity edges

The question is: given a planar graph $G$ with unit capacity edge weights and a fixed positive integer $k$, what is an approximation algorithm for finding the minimum size of a cut $(A,B)$ with $|A|=k$...
8
votes
1answer
187 views

How “hard” is it to maximize a polynomial function subject to linear constraints?

General Problem Suppose we have a multivariate polynomial function $f(\mathbf{x})$, and several linear functions $\ell_i(\mathbf{x})$. What is known about the complexity of solving the following ...
4
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0answers
122 views

Simulate a heap in linear time

Is there anything in the literature on the following problem?: Take a sequence of operations of Insert(element) and PopMin and ...
3
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0answers
173 views

What is consequence of $PH\subseteq NSPACE((\log n)^2)$?

What is consequences of $PH\subseteq NSPACE((\log n)^2)$? We don't even know PH is equals to L or not. I am wondering what will be happened when $PH\subseteq NSPACE((\log n)^2)$?
6
votes
1answer
115 views

Average-case analogue of Small-bias Spaces

Recall that an $\epsilon$-biased space is a set $S \subset \{0,1\}^n$ such that for every non-zero linear test $\alpha \in \{0,1\}^n \setminus \{0\}^n$, the expected bias $$| \mathbb{E}_{x \in S} [ (-...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

What does “hold uniformly” mean in the context of asymptotic analysis?

What does "hold uniformly" mean in the statement of Theorem 1.7 in A Faster Subquadratic Algorithm for Finding Outlier Correlations? Here's the theorem text ("hold uniformly" is in the last line):
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Critical Assignments vs Read-Once Branching Programs - Reference Request

Straight to the point: I'm looking for a reference for the fact that the complexity of a read-once branching program solving the search problem for an unsatisfiable formula $F$ is at least the ...
7
votes
0answers
180 views

Are there any known functions in NC2 but not in TC1?

Uniform TC1 is known to be in Catalytic Logspace. To improve the lower bound, we are looking for some functions known to be in NC2 but not in TC1. Also, what are some of the natural functions known ...
8
votes
1answer
259 views

Nondeterminism is on average useless for circuits?

Savický and Woods (The Number of Boolean Functions Computed by Formulas of a Given Size) prove the following result. Theorem[SW98]: For every constant $k>1$, almost all boolean functions with ...
1
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0answers
89 views

An explicit hard function for P/poly

It is known that $\textbf{MA}_{\textbf{EXP}} \not\subset \textbf{P/poly}$. Is it known any explicit language from $\textbf{MA}_{\textbf{EXP}}$ that does not belongs to $\textbf{P/poly}$? (An example ...
-1
votes
1answer
56 views

How to make any graph 2-degenerate?

I have to show a PPT(polynomial time reduction) from 'Colorful graph Motif' to '2-Degenerate Steiner Tree'. As input graph should be 2-degenerate, but here is normal graph G (that is, basically an ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Complexity of extending $P_4 $-partition of cubic graphs

This is a question I posted on MathOverflow before but never got an answer. I am cross-posting it here. Surprising phenomena occurs when we want to extend a partial solution of some easy problems. We ...
6
votes
1answer
208 views

What are the consequences of solving XOR 3-SAT in Logspace?

XOR Formulas Consider boolean formulas with connectives $\wedge$ (AND) and $\oplus$ (XOR). Such a boolean formula is a valid instance for XOR SAT if it is a conjunction of $\oplus$-clauses. An $\...
10
votes
1answer
223 views

Have people looked for parameterized algorithms for problems that are not in NP?

Are there problems that are not in NP (e.g., NEXP-complete problems) but admit FPT algorithms for a reasonable parameterization (and specifically, the standard parameterization of a problem -- the ...
9
votes
0answers
204 views

How would proof of the Lindelöf hypothesis improve our understanding of computational complexity classes?

A recent press release from the Viterbi School of Engineering at USC discussed the proof of the Lindelöf hypothesis by Athanassios Fokas, a visiting professor from the Department of Applied ...
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votes
1answer
53 views

Finding upper and lower bounds of a problem [closed]

We have n balls where 1 is a little heavier than the others and we want to find that heavier ball. We can only put some balls on one side of the scale and some on the other side and see if it leans ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

Proof of SAT is complete for NP via first-order reductions

So I have been reading this: https://people.cs.umass.edu/~immerman/book/ch7.pdf I do not understand the proof of theorem 7.16, which says that SAT is complete for NP via first-order reductions. My ...
2
votes
1answer
493 views

What is best known space requrement for solving SATISFIABILITY problem in exp time

I searched a lot for finding best space requirement algorithm for SATISFIABILITY problem but I didn't find any thing better than brute force that is in DSPACE(n). is there exists better bound? and ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Arithmetic circuits with restrictions on occurrence of pairs of variables

I am curious if the following model was studied or has some obvious lower bounds: We want to compute a polynomial $P(x_1,x_2, \dots , x_n)$. Suppose we have a graph G on $n$ nodes that we are going ...
2
votes
3answers
81 views

Reference request: Arithmetic circuit complexity

I am completely new to this field. I want to read the prelims and unfortunately, I don't see any book written for a beginner in this area. Can anyone give me some basic starting points/references(text/...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

What is the best approximation and exact algorithm for vertex cover on cubic graphs?

"Best" = best performing in terms of run-time for exact algorithm and approximation ratio for an approximation algorithm.
2
votes
0answers
175 views

BQNC and Abelian Hidden Subgroup Problem

We know integer factorization is in $BPP^{BQNC}$ from Cleve and Watrous. Is Abelian Hidden Subgroup Problem also in $BPP^{BQNC}$? In particular is Discrete Logarithm in $BQNC$ or at least in $BPP^{...