Questions tagged [cc.complexity-theory]

P versus NP and other resource-bounded computation.

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2answers
165 views

Do Turing complete languages automatically have efficient algorithms [closed]

Every Turing complete programming language can describe an algorithm that sorts sequences. Is it also true that every Turing complete language can describe an algorithm that sorts sequences in $\...
21
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1answer
737 views

Complexity of a matrix problem

The following problem recently appeared in my research. Being no expert on algorithmic questions I have Googled extensively in the search for suitable problems to reduce from. I don't see how 3SAT ...
2
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0answers
159 views

Best polynomial-time approximation factor for NP-optimization problems

Let us say that a function $f(n)$ is the best approximation factor for an NP-optimization problem, if both of the following hold: There exist a polynomial-time algorithm $A,$ and an integer $n_0$, ...
24
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1answer
2k views

Consequences of Complete problems for NP intersects coNP

What are the consequences of having complete problems in $NP\cap coNP$?
34
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17answers
2k views

Hardness jumps in computational complexity?

Minimum bandwidth problem is to a find an ordering of graph nodes on integer line that minimizes the largest distance between any two adjacent nodes. A $k$-caterpillar is a tree formed from main path ...
16
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3answers
738 views

Which $AC^0$ problems are not “truly feasible”?

Neil Immerman's famous Picture of The World is the following (click to enlarge):                    &...
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0answers
96 views

Does ${\bf CFLPAD}={\bf PPAD}$?

What happens if we define ${\bf PPAD}$ such that instead of a polytime Turing-machine/polysize circuit, a (non-)deterministic finite/push-down automaton encodes the problem? I asked a similar ...
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1answer
115 views

Permuting the columns of a 0/1-matrix to avoid short segments

Consider an $n \times n$ table with $n$ stars such that each row contains at most $\log n$ stars. The stars break each row into segments (continuous parts of a row without stars). Let's call a segment ...
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2answers
577 views

Validity implies NP=#P? [closed]

Valid progams for NP imply every solution is a valid answer. NP not equals #P implies not all solutions are answers. Therefore, Validity implies NP=#P. NP is the problem class for ...
5
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1answer
163 views

Minimal information needed for determine some function

From calculus, we know that if someone has a continuous function $f$, it is enough to know $f$'s values on the rationals in order to know $f$ on the entire line. In some sense, a "countable amount of ...
10
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0answers
238 views

Have people looked for parameterized algorithms for problems that are not in NP?

Are there problems that are not in NP (e.g., NEXP-complete problems) but admit FPT algorithms for a reasonable parameterization (and specifically, the standard parameterization of a problem -- the ...
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2answers
86 views

Is it possible to have a sorting algorithm that computes faster than QuickSort? [closed]

Given an unsorted array, QuickSort has to touch each source element it is trying to sort multiple times before it declares an array as sorted. (notice how many times the 2 is touched [circled in red ...
2
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1answer
214 views

Deciding whether a graph contains a complete balanced bipartite graph

Is it known whether the following problem is in P or is NP-complete? Problem: given an input graph $G$ on $n$ vertices, decide whether $G$ contains a complete $n/2 \times n/2$ bipartite graph.
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0answers
44 views

Are there any continuous-time stochastic processes in which transition probabilities are discontinuous functions over time? [closed]

In stochastic processes, like homogeneous Markov processes, Poisson processes, Queueing systems etc., the functions that represent (transition) probabilities are continuous over time. This is also ...
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0answers
536 views

BQNC and Abelian Hidden Subgroup Problem

We know integer factorization is in $BPP^{BQNC}$ from Cleve and Watrous. Is Abelian Hidden Subgroup Problem also in $BPP^{BQNC}$? In particular is Discrete Logarithm in $BQNC$ or at least in $BPP^{...
8
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1answer
207 views

How “hard” is it to maximize a polynomial function subject to linear constraints?

General Problem Suppose we have a multivariate polynomial function $f(\mathbf{x})$, and several linear functions $\ell_i(\mathbf{x})$. What is known about the complexity of solving the following ...
3
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0answers
79 views

Fixed dimension Linear Integer Programming in $NC$

We know if fixed dimension linear integer programming is in $NC$ then integer $GCD$ is in $NC$. Is this the only non-trivial implication of fixed dimension linear integer programming in $NC$?
4
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1answer
147 views

Complexity of Acyclic Hypergraph Isomorphism

It is well known that the graph isomorphism problem restricted on trees is much easier than the general case. It can be done in logarithmic space (Jenner B, Lange KJ, McKenzie P. "Tree isomorphism and ...
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0answers
272 views

EXPSPACE proof and its implications

I'm dealing with the min-max regret 0-1 Integer Linear Programming problem (MMR-ILP, for short), which is formulated as below. \begin{equation} \label{eq:nip_obj} \min_{x \in \Phi} \sum_{i = 1}^n ...
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0answers
70 views

Complexity of enumerating over promise problems and circuits?

Given an enumeration over all Turing Machine which run with increasing length, is there a ``complexity class'' which describes the complexity of determining whether a given TM satisfies the promise ...
128
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28answers
18k views

Problems Between P and NPC

Factoring and graph isomorphism are problems in NP that are not known to be in P nor to be NP-Complete. What are some other (sufficiently different) natural problems that share this property? ...
11
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1answer
259 views

Is DSPACE(n) = DSPACE(1.5n)?

From space-hierarchy theorem it is known that if $f$ is space-constructible then DSPACE($2f(n)$) is not equal to DSPACE($f(n))$. Here, by DSPACE($f(n))$ I mean the class of all problems that can ...
11
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0answers
134 views

Can two-tape read-only Turing machines recognize any recursive language?

Suppose that a $k$-tape read-only Turing machine receives its input on each $k$ tapes. It cannot write on the tapes, but it can move on them in both ways, even move off from the input. So for example, ...
2
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1answer
420 views

Possible to do Complexity theory with only counting and Pigeonhole

Most of the proofs in the book Computational complexity by Barak and Arora seem to be Pigeonhole in disguise. What are some places in Complexity theory where counting and Pigeonhole was insufficient ...
5
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1answer
260 views

Is Murphy's Law of Complexity Theory consistent? What separations/collapses does it imply?

A decade ago I observed what I dub "Murphy's Law of Complexity Theory": whenever a new separation or collapse is discovered, the question is answered in the direction that makes $P\overset?=NP$ most ...
2
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1answer
258 views

$P=BPP$ without good PRGs?

We know that the existence of good pseudorandom generators (PRGs) does not only imply $P=BPP$, but also $PromiseP=PromiseBPP$. Let us assume $PromiseP\ne PromiseBPP$. Then good PRGs do not exist. ...
5
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1answer
117 views

Counting/Enumerating Minimal Edge Covers

A Minimal Edge Cover is an Edge Cover such that no other Edge Cover is a proper subset of it. Questions Which is the complexity of counting Minimal Edge Covers? Do we know any non-trivial ...
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1answer
125 views

Why $PSPACE!=Dtime(2^n)$? [closed]

Why $PSPACE != Dtime(2^n)$? I can not see how padding argument can help here, how can it be proven?
9
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1answer
145 views

Best known asymptotic PCP sizes / 3-SAT

What are the best known asymptotic upper bounds on sizes of probabilistically checkable proofs? Ideally, I am looking for a contemporary survey on this broad question, but if there is none, I am ...
2
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1answer
102 views

Minimization version of matrix p-norms?

I considered a minimization version of matrix p-norms, defined for a matrix $A$ by $$ f_p(A)= \min_{x\neq 0} \frac{||Ax||_p}{||x||_p}. $$ Notice that $f_p(A) = 0$ if and only if $A$'s columns are ...
10
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0answers
96 views

Complexity of checking $a > br^m + cr^n$, with $r$ rational

I'm wondering if the following problem is decidable in P-time (or even NP): Given $a, b, c \in \mathbb{Z}$ and $m, n, p, q \in \mathbb{N}$ all in binary, decide if $a > br^m + cr^n$, where $r = {p ...
10
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1answer
367 views

What is the complexity of this game?

This is a generalization of my previous question. Let $M$ be a polynomial-time deterministic machine that can ask questions to some oracle $A$. Initially $A$ is empty but this is can be changed after ...
5
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1answer
120 views

Complexity of counting integer roots of multivariate polynomials in a polyhedron?

Deciding integer roots of multivariate polyomials is undecidable. However what is known about counting integer roots of multivariate polynomials in $\mathbb Z[x_1,\dots,x_m]$ with both $m$ and total ...
4
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1answer
76 views

Complexity of finding Exact Size Cut-Sets in Bipartite Graphs

I am interested in the problem of deciding if a cut-set of a given size $k$ (i.e. the number of edges crossing the partitions is $k$) exists in a given bipartite graph (both the graph and $k$ are part ...
10
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1answer
173 views

Linear circuit complexity classes

The class $\textrm{NC}^i$ is the class functions computable by circuits families of bounded fan-in, $n^{O(1)}$ size and $O(\log^i(n))$ depth. The $\textrm{NC}$-hierarchy is the union of those classes....
9
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1answer
302 views

Is the Kolmogorov complexity of the truth tables of the halting problem known asymptotically?

Let $HALT_n$ denote the string of length $2^n$ corresponding to the truth table of the halting problem for inputs of length $n$. If the sequence of Kolmogorov complexities $K(HALT_n)$ were $O(1)$, ...
25
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11answers
847 views

Example where equivalence is easy but finding class representative is hard

Suppose we have a class of objects (say graphs, strings), and an equivalence relation on these objects. For graphs this could be graph isomorphism. For strings, we could declare two strings equivalent ...
3
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2answers
411 views

Is there a non-deterministic version of the complexity class PP?

From a quick skim of the literature (and complexity zoo), there doesn't seem to be a non-deterministic version of PP. Is there a reason for this (e.g. PP=non-deterministic PP?) Edit: Perhaps I ...
10
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1answer
263 views

Is algorithmic information theory still evolving?

I am currently looking for a subject for a thesis and encountered the field of algorithmic information theory. The field seems very interesting for me, but it seems everything is the field was done ...
8
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0answers
123 views

Complexity of fractional SAT

Let $(a, k)$-SAT be $k$-SAT with the promise that if there is there is a satisfying assignment, then there is such an assignment that satisfies at least $a$ literals of every clause. Can 3-SAT with $...
9
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0answers
166 views

Relatively low ambitious frontiers

What are some of the current "relatively" low ambitious frontiers for MA/PhD thesis in complexity theory class separations/containment or quantum computing? For example: In the draft version of Arora ...
7
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0answers
182 views

How many different proofs are there of parity is not in AC0?

The theorem that Parity is not in $\mathsf{AC}^0$ is one of the gemstones of complexity theory. I wonder how many different proofs there are of this result? What constitutes "different" is also a part ...
5
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1answer
190 views

Boolean circuits which correspond to L/poly

Branching programs are usually used as a computation model for non-uniform logarithmic space $\mathsf{L}/\mathrm{poly}$. Is there a reference about Boolean circuits corresponding to $\mathsf{L}/\...
4
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2answers
355 views

Complexity of finding a consistent hyperplane

Given $m$ binary labeled points in $\mathbb{R}^d$, it is well-known that in general it's NP-hard to find a hyperplane that minimizes sample error. A brute-force search considers all $O(m^d)$ sample ...
3
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1answer
99 views

Does a non-constructive proof of bounds of a computable asymptotic complexity, with impossible fix, exist?

Does there exist an algorithm, about which a non-constructive $\omega$-consistent theory $A$ can prove that it has time complexity $O(f(n))$ where $n$ is some univariate function of the input, but ...
8
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0answers
240 views

L/quasipoly vs NL/poly

Savitch's theorem shows that NSPACE($S(n)$) $\subseteq$ SPACE($S(n)^2$), which means that nondeterminism can be replaced by more spaces in this situation. Is it known whether nondeterminism can be ...
0
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1answer
407 views

What are the problems in EXPSPACE \ EXPTIME?

Based on the diagram below (from Papadimitriou's book) we can see that PSPACE ⊆ EXPTIME ⊆ EXPSPACE. We know that PSPACE ⊊ EXPSPACE, which means that there are problems that can be solved in polynomial ...
6
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0answers
96 views

Efficient quantum algorithm for CLASSICAL FFT

Is there a known improvement on the current O(n*log(n)) algorithm for CLASSICAL FFT using quantum computation? 'n' is the number of samples. I need to find the amplitude and phase of the K dominating ...
7
votes
1answer
213 views

TIME(n) versus TIME(nlogn)

The time hierarchy theorem implies TIME($n$) is strictly contained in TIME($n\log^{1+ε}n$) for all ε>0. Is the relationship between TIME($n$) and TIME($nlogn$) known?
7
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0answers
56 views

Complexity of deciding whether subspaces of Z_2^n cover every point 3*x times

When studying the complexity of checking identities in certain finite algebras, I came across the following decision problem: Input: A positive integer $n \in N$ and a set of affine subspaces $H_1,...