# Questions tagged [clique]

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### why is there the need for a reduction between clique and multicoloured clique?

I do not understand why we need to make a reduction from k-clique to k-multicoloured clique. Any k-clique can only be coloured in k different colours since each pair of vertices is adjacent. So it ...
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### Tree decompositions with unique witness for each edge

In this question I am concerned with tree decompositions of undirected graphs. Recall that a tree decomposition of a graph $G = (V, E)$ is a tree $T$ whose nodes are subsets of $V$ (called bags) ...
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### Any value in a formula that calculates (not look up) the 'order' of a 'Independent Edge Set' OR a 'I.E.S.' given an 'order' on complete graphs?

Any value or interest in a formula that calculates (not look up) the 'integer order' of a given 'Independent Edge Set' OR given an 'Independent Set' calculates the 'integer order' on Complete Graphs? ...
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### clique problem in graphs with bounded degree

Is the problem of finding a clique of size $d$ in a graph of maximum degree $d$ NP-complete ($d$ part of the input)?
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### Is Finding an *Unbalanced* Biclique in Bipartite Graphs Hard?

In the balanced biclique in bipartite graphs (MBB) problem we are given a bipartite graph $G = (L,R,E), |L| = |R| = n$ and the goal is to find an induced subgraph of $G$, $G' = (L',R',E')$, with as ...
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### Approximation algorithm for balanced bipartite independent set?

The Problem: Given a bipartite graph $G = (L,R,E)$ with $|L|=|R|=n$, the balanced bipartite independent set problem asks us to output the largest vertex subsets $A\subseteq L, B\subseteq R$ of equal ...
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### Linear-time algorithm to test if clique number equals degeneracy bound?

Given a connected simple graph $G=(V,E)$, let $d$ denote its degeneracy and let $\omega$ denote the size of a maximum clique. A well-known bound on the clique number is $\omega\le d+1$, which is ...
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### Number of maximal cliques in a ($2C_4$, $C_5$, $P_5$)-free graph

So far, I have found out that chordal graphs have linear number of maximal cliques with respect to the number of vertices. In general case, it is exponential. I am trying to determine whether the ...
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### approximate maximum clique given vertex cover

I have a non optimal vertex cover of size k of a graph G, and I want to get a (1+epsilon)-approximation kernel of size linear in k for maximum clique of G. One thing I got is that every clique in G ...
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### Fastest known algorithm to enumerate k-cliques in a graph for fixed k

Is the best known algorithm for finding all $k$-cliques in a graph with $n$ nodes, for a fixed $k$, given by https://theory.stanford.edu/~virgi/combclique-ipl-g.pdf ? The time-complexity of the ...
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### Will core decomposition get a maximal clique?

I have read David Eppstein's paper about maximal clique enumeration by using degeneracy order. It has mentioned the core decomposition, which is removing the vertex with the smallest degree ...
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### Reference Request: complexity results on finding $(1+\epsilon) \log n$ size clique in $G(n,1/2)$

I am trying to find results on the best known time complexity for finding $(1+\epsilon) \log n$ sized cliques in $G(n,1/2)$. More general results would be great, i.e. if $C_p$ is the constant such ...
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### Algorithms for finding all cliques of a given degree in a graph

Consider a graph with $n$ vertices and maximum degree $Δ$. I would like to obtain all $s$ cliques, where $s≤Δ$ and both of them are small compared to $n$. Bron-Kerbosch algorithm gives all maximal ...
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### Complexity of computing the simplicial width of a graph

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a finite undirected graph. A tree decomposition $(T,\lambda)$ of $G$ is a tree $T$ with labeling function $\lambda : T \to 2^{V}$ such that: For every edge $\{v_1,v_2\} \in E$, there ...
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### Max weight k-clique

Given an edge-weighted directed complete graph $G = (V,A)$, the maximum weight clique of fixed size $k$ ($k$ is a constant) can be identified in polynomial time with a brute-force algorithm, however ...
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### Maximal Clique partition of vertices with smallest number of cut edges

I am given a simple undirected graph $G(V, E)$. I want to partition $V$ into $b$ Maximal cliques: $\{C_1, C_2, ..., C_b\}$ such that the number of edges that cut across two cliques is the minimum. $b$ ...
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### On reducing the hardness of CNF-SAT to k-Clique

CNF-SAT refers to the following problem: Given a boolean formula $\phi$ in conjunctive normal form, does there exist an assignment to the variables that satisfies $\phi$. There are several ...
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### Tree-decomposition with clique interfaces

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a finite undirected graph. A tree decomposition $(T,\lambda)$ of $G$ is a tree $T$ with labeling function $\lambda : T \to 2^{V}$ such that: For every edge $\{v_1,v_2\} \in E$, there ...
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### On Zero sum perfect matching

Fix $c\geq1$. Input is a $m$ vertex complete graph with edges assigned $a_1,\dots,a_{\frac{m(m-1)}2}\in\Bbb Z$ in some order. Is it $\mathsf{NP}$-complete to decide if there is a perfect matching of ...
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### Improving Cook's generic reduction for Clique to SAT?

I am interested in reducing $k$-Clique to SAT without making the instance much larger. Clique is in NP so it can be reduced to SAT using logarithmic space. The straightforward Garey/Johnson textbook ...
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### 2FA state complexity of k-Clique?

In simple form: Can a two-way finite automaton recognize $v$-vertex graphs that contain a triangle with $o(v^3)$ states? Details Of interest here are $v$-vertex graphs encoded using a sequence of ...
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### Given a 4-cycle free graph $G$, can we determine if it has a 3-cycle in quadratic time?

The $k$-cycle problem is as follows: Instance: An undirected graph $G$ with $n$ vertices and up to $n \choose 2$ edges. Question: Does there exist a (proper) $k$-cycle in $G$? Background: For any ...
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### Does solving matrix multiplication in quadratic time imply that SETH is false?

I have a little conjecture that if you could perform matrix multiplication (or solve 3-clique) in $O(n^2 \log(n))$ time, then you could solve CNF-SAT in $O(2^{(1-\epsilon)n})$ time. In other words, ...
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### Complexity of k-clique for hypergraphs

Classic Problem: Let a number $k$ be given. The $k$-clique problem is as follows. Given a graph $G$, does there exist a subset $S$ of $k$ vertices so that any two vertices of $S$ are adjacent? ...
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### hardness of approximating clique: how using FGLSS reduction with PCP verifier of hastad

I try to understand the $n^{1-\epsilon}$ hardness of approximating clique for any $\epsilon$ provided in [1]: www.nada.kth.se/~johanh/cliqueinap.ps In fact, I only want to understand the proof of ...
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### Statistical Algorithms vs Convex Relaxations - Planted Clique

I am trying to understand exactly what the lower bounds for the query complexity of statistical algorithms imply for convex relaxations for the planted clique problem ? A recent paper by Feldman, ...
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### Counting the number of K4

I was going over this paper and I don't understand a certain proof (section five phase 2). Given a graph G=(V,E) partitioned into the sets of vertices L and H. The vertices in L are at most D where D ...
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### Clique-Percolation Algorithm's "corner cases"

I'm programming an implementation of the Clique-Percolation algorithm, but I have many doubts about some corner cases. Imagine we want to find the communities of a graph using $k=4$. We are lucky and ...
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### $k$-clique in $k$-partite graph

Is the decision whether a $k$-clique exists in a $k$-partite graph NP-hard? I have found only a very limited number of references on this problem, and they seem to be concerned with heuristics to ...
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### $CIS_G$ problem deterministic lower bound

In notes, http://www.cs.toronto.edu/~toni/Courses/CommComplexity2/Lectures/clique-notes.pdf, it is mentioned towards end of section $4$ that http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=237817 shows that ...
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### Comparison between the maximum clique and maximum biclique problem

It seems to be commonly believed that the maximum biclique problem (on a bipartite graph) is more difficult than the original maximum clique problem. Is there a formal proof for this claim? (For ...
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### Minimal polynomial reduction of dominating set to max clique

Let $G$ be a simple undirected graph. Recall that $S \subseteq V(G)$ is a dominating set of $G$ if every vertex of $v \in V(G) \setminus S$ has a neighbour in $S.$ It is well known that it is NP ...
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### Fast approximation of (vertex) clique cover

I'm looking for a fast algorithm to find a clique cover on an undirected unweighted graph. I'm not looking for an optimal solution (ie minimal number of cliques). Obviously I'm also not looking for a ...
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### Terminology for complete k-partite graph where k is not fixed

Is there a better term for "complete k-partite graph" in the case where k is not fixed? If I say "complete k-partite graph", people tend to assume "for some particular k". In other words, what's a ...
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The clique graph $C$ of a given graph $G$ has the maximal cliques of $G$ as vertices and their is an edge between two vertices in $C$ iff the corresponding cliques share some vertices. Now for ...