# Questions tagged [clustering]

Clustering is an unsupervised learning problem. It deals with finding "clusters" or groups in a collection of unlabeled data. A cluster is therefore a collection of objects which are “similar” and are “dissimilar” to the objects belonging to other clusters.

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### clustering algorithm for non-dimensional data

i have a dataset of thousands of points and a means of measuring the distance between any two points, but the data points have no dimensionality. i want an algorithm to find cluster centers in this ...
471 views

### Euclidean-squared max-cut in low dimensions

Let $x_1, \ldots, x_n$ be points in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$. Consider a complete graph with the points as vertices and with edge weights of $\|x_i - x_j\|^2$. Can you always find a cut of weight that ...
349 views

### Clustering formalizations other than K-means for separable data

Real world data sometimes has a natural number of clusters (trying to cluster it into a number of cluster lesser than some magic k will cause a dramatic increase the clustering cost). Today I attended ...
450 views

### Continuous Clustering

So I have an issue I'm facing in regards to clustering with live, continuously streaming data. Since I have an ever-growing data set I'm not sure what is the best way to run efficient and effective ...
249 views

### Bisecting a set of points into two optimal subsets

I want to divide a set of points into two equally-sized subsets such that the within-cluster sum of squares is minimized. We can assume that the points are in two-dimensional Euclidian space. I'm ...
373 views

### Finding similar vectors in subquadratic time

Let $d:\{0,1\}^k\times \{0,1\}^k \to \mathbb{R}$ be a function which we refer to as the similarity function. Examples of similarity function are cosine distance, $l_2$ norm, Hamming distance, Jaccard ...
4k views

### Computational complexity of clustering algorithms

My wish is to describe the time complexity of several clustering approaches. For example, suppose we have $n$ data points in $m$ dimensional space. Suppose further that the pairwise dissimilarity ...
918 views

### K-Clustering of a Graph maximizing intra-cluster weights?

I would like to know if the following problem has already been studied, and if so how is it called. In particular I'm interested in approximability results. Input: A complete graph G with non-...
179 views

### Good Survey paper for k-means/k-median/k-center/facility-location

I have stated 4 problems in the Question title. All these problems are closely related and are studied in various variations. For example: Space: Euclidean/metric/discrete/continuous/non-metric/2-...
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### kmeans++ for arbitrary metric spaces and general potential function

I was reading this popular paper "k-means++: The Advantages of Careful Seeding". It appeared in SODA 2007. Since this technique is the most popular clustering technique, I am hoping that my question ...
256 views

### Higher-order and black-box clustering

As far as I understand a large number of clustering problems can be formulated as: $\underset{\textbf{P}}{ \text{argmin}} \; \sum_{i,j} f \left(x_i, x_j\right)$ where $\textbf{P}$ is a partitioning ...
182 views

### Kleinberg-consistency of spectral clustering

Spectral clustering refers to a family of graph-based algorithms, which usually rely on a similarity function rather than a metric, though a metric $\rho(x,y)$ can always be converted to a similarity ...
85 views

### Centroid in $\ell_2$ distance

Given points $x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_n \in \mathbb{R}^d$. What is the complexity of computing $$argmin_{x}\left(\sum_{i=1}^n ||x_i-x||_2\right)$$
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### Finding most informative feature subsets given dataset, clustering algorithm and gold standard partition

I have an $n \times m$ matrix of data $\mathbf{D}$ as well as a $k$-partition $P$ of $n$ indices each representing a row in a dataset. Assuming an arbitrary clustering algorithm $A$, I would like to ...
207 views

### Clustering massive data sets in practice

If you have a very large data set of $n$ vectors and you want to cluster them according to some metric measure, what is the current state of the art when you can not afford to do more than $\Theta(n)$ ...
198 views

### Determining the number of clusters using property testing algorithm

We say a set of $n$ points in $R^d$ are $k$-clusterable, if all points are covered by k unit balls. We have a property testing algorithm (see section 5 of paper) which consider a promise version of ...
870 views

### Max-sum graph-partition for maximizing intra-edge weights?

I would like to know if the following problem has already been studied, and if so how is it called. In particular I'm interested in approximability results. Input: A graph G with negative or non-...
100 views

### Approximating the value of k in $k$-mean clustering problem

Consider a set of $n$ points in $R^d$ which are covered by some finitely many (say $k$) unit balls. Can we approximate the value of $k$ by querying only sublinear many points. More precisely, by ...
165 views

### an axiomatic framework for clustering by jon kleinberg may have a problem?

In the paper An Impossibility Theorem for Clustering, Jon Kleinberg introduced an axiomatic framework for clustering and showed that his set of axioms are inconsistent. One of the axioms is the ...
415 views

### K-NN or matrix factorization for discovering correlated features?

I am looking to cluster users together in a database, with each user represented by a number of features that are both discrete and continuous in nature. "Similar" users should be clustered together ...
460 views

### The non-metric k-median problem

It is well-known that the non-metric $k$-median problem cannot be approximated better than $O(\log(n))$ (by a gap preserving reduction from the set cover problem). Is there any logarithmic ...
139 views

### Is the Fermat-Weber problem $\mathsf{NP}$-hard?

Given a set of $n$ points in a Euclidean space, the Fermat-Weber problem asks to find a center that minimizes the sum of distances of points to that center. There are iterative algorithms known for ...
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### Concept of 'shape' in clustering

Is there any abstract definition for 'shapes' of a cluster? I am currently working on providing for a set of axioms to study clustering. In my work, I have found a need for an abstract definition for ...
133 views

### Quality measure for clusters of a metric space embedding of a graph?

When evaluating clustering algorithms for networks, we have well-established metrics like Modularity and Surprise for evaluating the quality of the resulting partition. If we then embed our graph (...
223 views

### Grouping a set of rectangles in larger rectangular regions

I have a set of rectangles, which I want to cluster (group) as shown here(I can not post images yet, so please bear with me). The approach I took was to consider central points of each rectangle as a ...
183 views

### Classic parallel clustering algorithms

I'm starting a research about parallel clustering. I see a ton of articles on this topic, so that I don't know where to start. I'd like to get familiar with classic methods of parallelizing clustering....
114 views

### Scoring set of points based on clustering

I have a sparse set of points with unpredictable locations. I need a way of "scoring" each set of points such that clustering is rewarded. My working case is actually one dimensional, but a two ...
1k views

### Hyperspherical nature of K-means and similar clustering methods

Jain, Murty, and Flynn state in their article Data Clustering: A Review all squared error based clustering methods like K-means tend to generate hyperspherical clusters. However, they do not give a ...
873 views

### Simple k-nearest-neighbor algorithm for euclidean data with highly variable density?

An elaboration on this question, but with more constraints. The idea is the same, to find a simple, fast algorithm for k-nearest-neighbors in 2 euclidean dimensions. The bucketing grid seems to work ...
476 views

### Clustering of letters - what approach would give the best results?

I am working on letter recognition program. I have a text and divide it into letters, every single letter is written to separate file. Now I want to apply a clustering algorithm to these images to ...
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### Hardness of Approximation of Continuous Metric k-Median

First let me describe the metric $k$-median problem. Definition (Metric $k$-Median): Given a set $C$ of clients and a set $L$ of facility locations defined over a distance metric $d$. Open a set $F$ ...
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### A continuum version of the 1D k-means clustering problem: constant factor approximations

Modify the k-means clustering problem in 1D by assuming that, instead of a finite number of observations, we must classify into $K$ clusters a continuum of observations, distributed on the unit ...
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### k-center 2.0: A stronger k-center condition

Given an unweighted, undirected graph, we can use the classical 2-appx for $k$-center to select a set $S$ of centers such that every vertex is within a distance of 2 of some center in $S$. Note that ...
104 views

### algorithms for a large submatrix / general factor / quasi-biclique problem?

Given a sparse 0/1 matrix $X$, too large to fit in memory, with $m$ rows and $n$ columns, I'm looking for an algorithm for finding a submatrix (when one exists) with maximum number of rows such that ...
55 views

### Clustering algorithm for image metric

Im working on image clustering (finding duplicates). I have a metric for images, it uses histogram features (mean, dispersion, skewnewss) for each color channel. So there are 9 dimensions. It is quite ...
566 views

### Splitting a graph into size constrained clusters

I ran across a problem while working on an algorithm for a game I'm making on the side. It's basically a clustering problem where we have a graph G and want to split it into clusters of equal size ...
524 views

### Time complexity of clustering based on random walk

What is the time complexity of the following algorithm (from this paper suggested by Zhou) to partition directed graph? Can I use the complexity of eigen vector computation for this purpose? The ...
128 views

### Rigid-body matching algorithm and clustering algorithm with groups of lines in 3D [closed]

I've been struggling with this problem for weeks, and couldn't find an appropriate algorithm to solve it. Could you guys please give me some advices or suggestions in addressing this question. Or if ...
110 views

### Techniques to get nodes in the best Markov Cluster?

I was using Markov Clustering to cluster nodes in my bidirectional graph, and overall the results were great. However, there were a couple instances where a weakly connected node would attract a node ...
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### DAG partitioning to subgraphs

Given a DAG with $|V| = n$ and has $s$ sources, we have to present subgraphs such that each subgraph has approximately $k_1=\sqrt{s}$ sources and approximately $k_2=\sqrt{n}$ nodes. (Note: ...
244 views

### Cluster Edge Deletion on 2-trees

Definitions: Cluster Edge Deletion problem is a graph modification problem, in which we want to remove the minimum number of edges such that the resulting graph does not contain a $P_3$ as an induced ...
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### What is a minimum vertex separator as in this definition?

In a research paper the following definition appears that I'm not able to understand completely. Let $G=(V,E)$ be an undirected unweighted graph with vertex set $V$ and edge set $E$, no self-loops, ...
211 views

### K-means with centres outside the data?

Say we want to split a cube in $\mathbb{R}^{64}$ into 10 pieces. NN, nearest-neighbor or Voronoi splits, take 10 cluster centres $c_0, \ldots, c_9$ in the cube, e.g. from K-means, then classify a new ...
194 views

### clustering (lat,lng) pairs, with clusters having the same number of elements

Imagine you have a list of (lat,lng) pairs. You have k employees. And you want each employee to visit roughly the same number of places, making the least distance possible. I've tried to solve this ...
### Extension of a sampling Lemma of Indyk for $k$-median cost
A famous sampling lemma of Indyk (Theorem 31 here) states that if the $k$-median cost of a finite point set(in a metric space) is large with respect to the optimum, then this is true for the case of a ...