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# Questions tagged [combinatorics]

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35 views

### Unclear relation in the number of permutations consistent with Hasse diagrams

I have been reading the paper 'Time Space Tradeoff for Sorting on Non-Oblivious Machines' by Borodin et al. (Link). Lemma 1 in that paper gives a relation between the number of permutations consistent ...
299 views

### A non-trivial combinatorial optimization

So I stumble over this problem in which I couldn't find anything similar in the literature. I am not even sure if it is NP-hard or solvable in polynomial time. Any thought or suggestion would be ...
33 views

### doubt about volume packing lemma for intersection of convex sets and lattices (repost from math SE)

Lemma 3.24 of Additive Combinatorics by Tao and Vu states the following: Let $\Gamma \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a lattice of full rank, let $V$ be a bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$, and let $P$ ...
74 views

### Find Combinations of fibonacci values to approximate a target value given $F(A,B,C,D) = (A + B + C) / D$

I am able to solve this using brute force but curious if there is a better approach. Given the function $F(A,B,C,D) = (A + B + C) / D$ where each variable is in the first 7 distinct values of the ...
182 views

### Concrete version of KKL Theorem

The Kahn–Kalai–Linial (KKL) Theorem says that for any balanced Boolean function $f:\{−1,1\}^n→\{−1,1\}$ we have $\max_i {\bf Inf}_i(f) = \Omega\left(\frac{\log n}{n}\right)$. I am looking for a ...
72 views

### Partition of a set of integers into subsets where the max. of the subset-sums is minimum

Let $S$ be a set of $n$ positive integers, and $p$ be a partition of $S$ into $m$ mutually disjoint subsets, such that no subset contains more than $k$ elements. Let $\mathcal{P}$ denote the set of ...
218 views

### Cover a graph with complete graphs

I want to find the smallest possible function $k(n,m)$ such that for any graph $G$ with $n$ vertices and $m$ edges, there exists $n$ vertex sets $S_1,S_2,...,S_n\subseteq V$ each with size $k(n,m)$ ...
41 views

### Combinations of subsets

Problem. Let $x = (x_1,...,x_N) \in K^{N}$, i.e., each element $x_j$ of $x$ can take $K$ discrete values. Let $x_{(i)}$, for $i \in 1,...,I,$ be a vector of overlapping subsets of $x$. For example, ...
214 views

304 views

### Probability for an element to appear in at least one set

Say that we have $k$ sets, each with cardinality $N$, where the elements in each set are taken at random from $M \ge N$ possible ones. The elements in each set are known to be distinct. What is the ...
188 views

### Reducing resource allocation problem to bipartite matching

There are a set of bins, $B$ and a set of resources $R$. Each $b \in B$ is associated with a set function $Z_b(S) : 2^R \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^+$. The resource allocation problem is to find a ...
334 views

### Distributing a binary relation into bins such that each element is in a small number of bins

We are given pairs of objects (say, numbers). Each object appears in at most $q$ pairs. Our goal is to distribute the pairs into equal-size bins, such that each object occurs in as few as possible ...
124 views

### Results/concepts that also proved useful outside of their "home areas"

There are some results/concepts in TCS which are used in areas other than the "home area" where they emerged. For example, NP-completeness has complexity theory as its home area, but it is also used ...
677 views

### Binary matrix column subset selection complexity

Given an $m \times n$ matrix ($m$ rows) containing only $0$'s and $1$'s, what is the complexity of finding an $m \times k$ submatrix (of $k$ columns) such that within the chosen submatrix there is no ...
194 views

1 vote
562 views

### Greedy vs LP Approximation

I wanted to know whether Greedy approximation algorithms can outperform LP relaxation and rounding based algorithms. Specifically, can it beat the integrality gap of a 'reasonable' LP relaxation, (e.g....
124 views

### An algorithm for counting to Graham’s Number

I’m trying to come up with an algorithm that performs some action a Graham’s number of times on a machine with a reasonable amount of memory. I thougth of the way to organize counter suitable for ...
136 views

### What is the standard name for the function which inflates a string by duplicating each of its characters?

Given a string $s$ over some alphabet, I'd like to use the proper nomenclature/notation for the operation/function $f$ which inflates $s$ by independently duplicating each of its characters. For ...
134 views

### Calculating the ground state of an Ising model with $\sigma_i = (0,1)$ spin state assignments (do Barahona & Istrail's NP-hardness results hold?)

In a typical Ising model, one has possible spin assignments of $\sigma_i = \pm 1$. However, one can also imagine a $q = 2$ Potts model generalization with spin assignments $\sigma_i = (0,1)$. Is ...
344 views

### Which complexity information of Ising model is more important?

In 1982, Barahona proved that finding the ground state of an Ising model is NP-hard. Later, in 2000, Istrail proved that it is NP-complete. When I look up the citations of these two papers using ...
93 views

### Single source multicommodity flow on a path or tree

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$, a set of terminals $T = \{t_1,\ldots, t_n\}$, and a single source $s$, where $s\in V$ and $T \subseteq V\backslash \{s\}$. Each terminal $i$ is associated with a demand $d_i$ ...
1 vote
107 views

### What are some examples where the Catalan numbers show up in algorithms/data structures?

For some variants of RMQ data structures, the number of Cartesian trees (i.e. the Catalan numbers) is a part of the running-time analysis. What are some other examples where the Cataln numbers show up ...
126 views

### Social choice theory, preference aggregation data sets

I do computational research on preference aggregation. I am quite interested in Kemeny Optimal Aggregation. However I do not find much useful data for preference aggregation in context of social ...
Fix an integer $n$. Considered as a multiplicative group, the sets $A = (\mathbb{Z} / n \mathbb{Z})^*$ and $B = \mathbb{Z} / \phi(n) \mathbb{Z}$ have the same cardinality $\phi(n)$, but it does not ...