# Questions tagged [comp-number-theory]

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### Conditional density of primes

We have some theorems about the density of prime numbers, the most famous one is probably the prime number theorem. My question is about the density of primes when we choose random numbers from a ...
845 views

### Complexity class of this problem?

I am trying to understand to which complexity class the following problem belongs: Exponentiating Polynomial Root Problem (EPRP) Let $p(x)$ be a polynomial with $\deg(p) \geq 0$ with coefficients ...
222 views

### Does a polynomial-time algorithm for factoring product of two primes imply a polynomial-time algorithm for factoring in general?

Is it known if the existence of a polynomial-time algorithm for the promise problem of factoring of numbers with two prime factors implies that factoring in general has a polynomial-time algorithm?
326 views

### Algorithm to compute distance between powers

Given coprime $a, b$, can you quickly compute $$\min_{x, y > 0} |a^x - b^y|$$ Here $x, y$ are integers. Obviously taking $x = y = 0$ gives an uninteresting answer; in general how close can these ...
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### Is finding square roots as hard as factoring, when coins are *public* and the square root oracle is adversarial?

Background: There is a well known argument (due to Rabin) that demonstrates that if one has access to an machine that computes square roots of elements in $\mathbb{Z}_n$, with $n = pq$, then $n$ can ...
162 views

### Simplified lattices

Consider the following question: Let $N$ be some large prime number, and suppose we are given $n$ uniformly independent samples $g_i$ from $0...,N-1$. Think of $N$ as being exponentially large in $n$...
291 views

### Is there any algorithm outputing $e$ in real time?

The Hartmanis-Stearns Conjecture says that a number computed in real time by a Turing Machine is either rational or transcendental. We know that there is some transcendental (Liouville) number that ...
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### What is the complexity of computation of zero point by Rieman zeta function?

What is the complexity of computation of zero point by Rieman zeta function? That is, given s, whether ζ(s)=0? Is it in P? Any reference is appreciated.
246 views

### Sieve Methods for Twin Primes - How to extract algorithm from formula

I am reading Cojocaru and Murty's Introduction to Sieve Methods and their Applications. They wait until Chapter 5 to discuss the Sieve of Eratosthenes for finding primes - and their version of it is ...
### Fixed dimension Integer programming minus LLL in fixed parameter $NC$?
If you remove LLL part then is remaining part of a. Lenstra algorithm b. Barvinok algorithm in $O(f(n)(\log(mL))^c)$ time on $O(g(n)(mL)^c)$ processors with fixed $c>0$ in fixed $n$...