# Questions tagged [complexity-classes]

Computational complexity classes and their relations

572 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
61 views

### Verifier definition of NP/poly

I would like to know whether there is a definition of the class NP/poly in terms of (deterministic) polynomial time verifiers. The following is the definition of NP/poly I see everywhere (other than ...
131 views

### What graphs on $\mathbb{N}$ can be encoded as regular languages?

Suppose I represent the natural number 0 by "x", and use the symbol "s" for successor so that I get the following encoding of $\alpha : \mathbb{N} \rightarrow V$ of natural numbers ...
178 views

### Unambiguous Problems and Classes over Reals

Are there unambiguous analogues of $NP_{R}$ (using the BSS model, in all discussion)complete problems, and any results known about them? For instance, the canonical $NP_{R}$ complete problem $4FEAS$ (...
1k views

### Has parameterized complexity led to better algorithms?

I know that for the vertex cover problem, if we know that the parameter $k$ (which is the number of vertices in the solution) is small, then we can expect to solve it feasibly in practice. So far, ...
99 views

### Complexity of type inference in the simply typed lambda calculus

A similar question was answered here: Is simply typed lambda calculus equivalent to primitive recursive functions What I conclude from the answers is that the complexity is that of the extended ...
56 views

146 views

### Is $L \subset 1NL$ when $L \neq NL$?

A log-space Turing machine has a read-only input tape, a write-only output tape and uses at most $O(\log n)$ space in its read-write work tapes. The classes $L$ and $NL$ contain those languages which ...
91 views

89 views

### BPP fragment of a PSPACE complete problem

Consider a PSPACE-complete problem (e.g., TQBF). Is there a sub-problem in BPP, that is not known to be in P? Is there a general technique of finding such sub-problems? Are any of them "natural" (i.e....
269 views

### If NP in BPP then NP equals RP

I am looking for a reference to the fact that if NP is included in BPP then NP is equal to RP. See for instance these links: https://cs.stackexchange.com/q/80509 http://www.inf.ed.ac.uk/teaching/...
143 views

### The decision procedure of theory of closed real field is in NP-hard?

The decision procedure of theory of closed real field refers to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decidability_of_first-order_theories_of_the_real_numbers
129 views

### Terminology: FNP, with P replaced by NP?

Consider these two classes of search problems: Search problems with poly-sized solutions s.t. verifying solutions is in P. Search problems with poly-sized solutions s.t. verifying solutions is in NP. ...
75 views

### Does Descriptive Complexity techniques have the naturalisation barrier?

I wished to know if the proof attempts at separation of complexity classes via the methods outlined by Descriptive Complexity theorists naturalise? By naturalise I'm talking about the Idea of Natural ...
101 views

### Term for a set that is not immune

At the outer bounds of computational complexity classes are those defined through computability theory (AKA recursion theory). This is where we get the well known complexity classes such as R, RE, and ...
302 views

### Which complexity class does this problem belong to?

Consider the following problem $\mathcal{P}$. Instance: A Boolean formula $F$ of $n$ Boolean variables ($x_1,...,x_n$) and $m$ Boolean parameters ($b_1,...,b_m$) where $0 \leq m \leq n$. Problem: ...
142 views

The class Co-NP is defined as all the languages $L$ such that $\overline{L} \in NP$. An example that appears in the book of Arora and Barak is of $\overline{SAT}$, which is defined as $\overline{SAT} =... 1answer 78 views ### Are there common names for the subtiers of PTIME? We all know P, or PTIME, I think, as a common name for the class of polynomial-time problems. Are there common names for the first few levels inside P; that is, for constant-time, linear-time, ... 1answer 169 views ### On complexity class$\mathsf{\Pi_2 L}$I suggest the following definition of$\mathsf{\Pi_2 L}$(similarly to the certificate definition of$\mathsf{NL}$): A language$L$belongs to$\mathsf{\Pi_2 L}$iff there exists a deterministic ... 0answers 196 views ### On Courcelle's question about Monadic second-order logic with cardinality predicates I have found the following question at openproblemgarden.org: The problem concerns the extension of Monadic Second Order Logic (over a binary relation representing the edge relation) with the ... 0answers 177 views ### A canonical complete problem for EXP and NEXP in terms of formulae 3SAT is a complete problem for NP. TQBF is a complete problem for PSPACE. Is there direct way to define canonical complete problems for EXP and NEXP in terms of boolean formulae? I have only seen ... 0answers 310 views ### Is unary$\Pi_2$-SUBSETSUM coNP-complete? Consider the following problem: for given integers$a_1, \ldots, a_{2n}$and$A$that are given in unary representation define is it true that for every$S \subseteq \{1, ..., 2n \}$such that$|...
820 views

Today in New York and all over the world Christos Papadimitriou's birthday is celebrated. This is a good opportunity to ask about the relations between Christos' complexity class PPAD (and his other ...
136 views

### Consequences/existence of problems without any “optimal” algorithm

Let $P$ be some kind of "problem" such as addition or graph coloring, that has an input size $n$. Let $S_P$ denote the set of algorithms $A_1, A_2, \dots$ which deterministically solve $P$. Based off ...
944 views

### A game on several graphs

Consider the following game on a directed weighted graph $G$ with a chip at some node. All nodes of $G$ are marked by A or B. There are two players Alice and Bob. The goal of Alice (Bob) is to ...
137 views

### what does NP ⊆ DTIME(…) mean?

Recently I've seen inside theory of a paper. This time complexity, DTIME, is completely new for me. Can somebody explain it? Also, the paper shows that the misinformation containment problem cannot ...
117 views

### Separation of AM and SZK

Are any results on the separation of AM from SZK known (e.g. relativized separation, or a separation assuming one-way functions exist, etc.)?
164 views

### Possibility of hierarchy with $UP$ class?

I am not sure if this is a cheap query. However I am unable to find this myself. So I am posting here. The standard complexity class is built with $NP$ and $coNP$ and leads up to $PSPACE$. The ...
174 views

### Language in $PSPACE$ and not necessarily in $P$ if $P=PP$?

If $P=PP$ then the counting hierarchy collapses to $CH=P$. Because so many complexity classes are contained in $CH$, this causes most classes to now be contained in $P$. My question is whether this is ...
### $XP_{\text{uniform}}=FPT$ and update to $EPTAS$ section in complexity zoo?
Complexity zoo in https://complexityzoo.uwaterloo.ca/Complexity_Zoo:E#eptas has the following: $FPT = XPuniform\implies EPTAS = PTAS$. Fundamentals of Parametrized complexity on page $534$ has ...
### Is the following problem in $coNP$?
Given an $n\times n$ matrix $M$ with $\mathbb Z$ entries is 'does an $\frac n2\times\frac n2$ minor of $M$ vanish?' in $\bf{coNP}$? At least one $\frac n2\times\frac n2$ minor non-vanish implies rank ...