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# Questions tagged [ds.algorithms]

Questions regarding well-defined instructions for completing a task, and relevant analysis in terms of time/memory/etc.

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### Can fair ordering of transactions be achieved in permissionless blockchains?

Front running attacks mainly happen because adversaries are able to manipulate the order of the transactions on blockchains. As many research paper address the problem of fair ordering, I don't find ( ...
71 views

### Algorithms with advices of huge precomputed data

My main interest is complexity theory, and I'm studying the large or huge advice of Turing machines in the ongoing work. As related to the study, I'm wondering what's known about "precomputation&...
1 vote
25 views

### Processing times of different job types on $n$ processors

I have $n$ processors that each receive an infinite sequence of jobs that have different processing times. In the simplest case, $n = 2$ and jobs are either $\texttt{fast}$ or $\texttt{slow}$ with ...
283 views

### How to show that the median cannot be maintained in $O(1)$ time?

Suppose that we have a stream of numbers $x_1,x_2,\ldots$ such that we wish to track the median of the values observed so far. This task is easy to do with $O(\log n)$ update time (where $n$ is the ...
38 views

### Multi-dimensional 0-1 Knapsack problem with a high number of dimensions

I would like to solve a multi-dimensional 0-1 Knapsack problem, by looking for approximation algorithms with constant approximation ratio if possible. Here the particularity is that the number of ...
199 views

### Maximize a special monotone submodular function - is it easier?

I am looking for a way to optimize the function $f$, defined below. First, fix some positive integer $k$ and let $c_1$ and $c_2$ be non-negative vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $g$ be an increasing ...
1 vote
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### Partition points in the plane

Given $n=2k$ points in the plane and also given positive real value $r$. Is there an algorithm that partition points into two groups $G_1$ and $G_2$ such that each group contains exactly $k$ points ...
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1 vote
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### 2-Center problem with forbidden pairs

Is there a nearly linear-time 2-approximation (or $O(1)$-approximation) algorithm for the following problem? 2-Center with Forbidden Pairs input: Bipartite graph $G=(V,E)$ where each vertex $v$ is a ...
85 views

### Is a grid graph a vertex-minor of a complete graph? [closed]

Consider a graph $G$. A graph $H$ is the vertex-minor of the graph $G$ if $H$ can be obtained from $G$ using vertex deletions and local complementations. For more information, look at Definition 2.1 ...
57 views

### Fastest algorithm to compute maximum number of boxes that can fit inside each other

Given $n$ rectangles with widths $w_1,w_2,...,w_n$ and heights $h_1, ..., h_n$. A rectangle $i$ fits inside $j$ if and only if $h_i<h_j$ and $w_i<w_j$. We are interested in the maximum $k$ such ...
118 views

### optimization on graph edges selection

I have the below problem. I wonder if there exists a similar known class of problems (e.g., in optimization, graph theory) which I can relate my problem to, and find a similar solution there. I am ...
346 views

### Complexity of optimal elimination for a planar tensor network

Edit Dec 15 it's not obvious this problem is tractable when further restricting to trees, see cs.SE question Suppose we need to sum out variables in a tensor network (a factor graph where each ...
112 views

### Algorithm for finding traffic equilibrium

I watched a youtube video about a certain interesting property of springs and road networks. It made me think: if we represent a network of roads as a graph where edges are roads described by a ...
141 views

### Fastest Known Algorithm to Count Acyclic Orientations in a Graph

Given an undirected graph $G$, an acyclic orientation of $G$ is choice of orientation for each edge of $G$ (turning each edge into an arc) such that the resulting directed graph has no directed cycles....
1 vote
184 views

### Young Diagrams and distinguishing between two distributions

Introduction: The reference for everything is this paper. The Robinson–Schensted–Knuth (RSK) algorithm is a well-known combinatorial algorithm with diverse applications throughout mathematics, ...
298 views

### How can we compute the VC dimension of a finite class of sets?

Let $F$ be a class of subsets of a finite set $X$ of cardinality $n$. What is the complexity of computing the VC dimension of $F$? Can we do better than looping through every subset of $X$ and ...
151 views

We are given a n-vertex DAG $G=(V,E)$ and also given a cost function $c: V \rightarrow \Bbb N$. Given a topological sort $S = v_1,v_2,...,v_n$, it has associated a sorting cost $S_c = \sum_{i=1}^{n} C(... 1 vote 0 answers 51 views ### Approximate solution for maximum coverage problem with choice constraint Suppose a sequence of sets$S_1,S_2,...,S_i$where each set contains sets of elements. That is, each set$S$contains many sets$a_1,a_2,...,a_{|S|}$. We are given an integer$k$and we assume that$\... 271 views

### Are there an algorithm that find Minimum spanning tree in $O(n^2\log\log^*n)$?

Given completed metric weighted graph $G=(V,E)$ that have $n$ vertices. Are there an algorithm that find MST of $G$ in $O(n^2)$? I read abstract of this paper that mentioned an algorithm with running ...
93 views

### Fine-Grained Hardness for Undirected Hamiltonicity

The fastest known algorithm for detecting Hamiltonian cycles in directed graphs on $n$ nodes runs in essentially $2^n\text{poly}(n)$ time. However, for undirected graphs on $n$ nodes, there is an ...
169 views

### Fastest Known Algorithm for $k$-Dimensional Matching and $k$-Exact Cover

Given a $k$-uniform hypergraph $G$ (i.e., each edge of $G$ contains precisely $k$ vertices) on $n$ vertices, the $k$-Exact Cover problem is the task of deciding if there exists $n/k$ edges in $G$ ...
182 views

### Divide and Conquer Algorithm for 1-Median Problem

Let $P_1$ and $P_2$ be two disjoint point sets in $\mathbb{R}^d$ and $n = \vert P_1\vert = \vert P_2\vert$ and $P = P_1\cup P_2$. Let $c^\star$ be the optimal 1-median for $P$ and $opt^\star$ is the ...
1 vote
64 views

### Decision tree vs. pebble game lower bounds

This question concerns two types of lower bounds. In a pebbling lower bound, we are concerned with the complexity of constructing the output from the input. For example, if the only way we could ...
1 vote
244 views

### Is this a novel technique for determining whether or not two rotated rectangles collide?

I was trying to determine whether or not two rectangles rotated around their centers were colliding and randomly thought to try the following algorithm: Rotate both rectangles by the negative rotation ...
351 views

### Partition a graph into two clusters

Suppose given a complete weighted graph $G=(V,E)$, Is there an algorithm that partition $G$ into two clusters $C_1,C_2$ such that sum of heaviest edges in $C_1,C_2$ minimized? Note that, heaviest edge ...
97 views

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### Problem in the paper "Stable Minimum Space Partitioning in Linear Time"

The paper Stable Minimum Space Partitioning in Linear Time describes an algorithm that stably sorts a binary array (an array whose elements can only have two distinct values) in $O(n)$ time complexity ...
1 vote
79 views

### Parametrization of context-sensitive language in polynomial time

Let $\Sigma$ be a finite alphabet. Let $L\subset \Sigma^*$ be a context-sensitive language containing a word of every length. Can we always find $f:\Sigma^*\to L$ computable in polynomial time in ...
62 views

### Set cover where consecutive sets differ by at most one item [closed]

First I define my version of the set cover problem: We have a collection of sets such as $S_1, \dots, S_m$ where each $S_i$ is a subset of $M=\{1,\dots, m\}$. The goal is to find the minimum number of ...
58 views

### How to build the tree with the "most different" solutions of a clustering?

Illustrate the question with an example : we have a similarity matrix for 1000 people, and the similarity represents how much their hobbies are the same (it does not really matter how it's built). Let'...
164 views

### Theorem on non-decreasing probability of success of an algorithm

Question: What's a standard name/framework for the following, or some variant? Stated briefly for a probabilistic algorithm: define $p_n$ as the conditional probability of success of a fork of the ...
279 views

### Sublinear Time Regular Expression Search

Does there exist a data structure with the following properties. Given a string $s$, it performs some polynomial amount of precomputation to construct the data structure. After construction, it allows ...
Consider a tripartite graph over $n^{1-\epsilon}$ vertices each in sets $I, J, K$. Suppose we impose a constraint that every vertex has degree $n^\epsilon/c$ for some constant $\epsilon > 0$ and ...