Questions tagged [exp-time-algorithms]

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Best known algorithm for NEXP-complete problem

What is the best (in time) algorithm for NEXP-complete problems? Is there an algorithm that solve a NEXP-complete problem in time $2^{o(2^n)}$?
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6 votes
0 answers
92 views

Algorithmically determining proof complexity for Frege systems?

I apologize if this falls wildly short of research level - I am just learning the very basics of proof complexity and lack any real logic background. Let $F$ be a Frege proof system (a finite complete ...
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  • 161
10 votes
0 answers
130 views

Fastest Known Algorithm to Count Acyclic Orientations in a Graph

Given an undirected graph $G$, an acyclic orientation of $G$ is choice of orientation for each edge of $G$ (turning each edge into an arc) such that the resulting directed graph has no directed cycles....
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  • 464
3 votes
0 answers
123 views

Fastest Known Algorithm for $k$-Dimensional Matching and $k$-Exact Cover

Given a $k$-uniform hypergraph $G$ (i.e., each edge of $G$ contains precisely $k$ vertices) on $n$ vertices, the $k$-Exact Cover problem is the task of deciding if there exists $n/k$ edges in $G$ ...
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  • 464
1 vote
0 answers
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anything hinting that EXPTIME $\subseteqq$ PSPACE?

Anything or evidence hinting that $$EXPTIME \subseteqq PSPACE$$?
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33 votes
12 answers
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Problems that started out with hopelessly intractable algorithms that have since been made extremely efficient

This is somewhat of a meta-cstheory question, and is more historical in nature. What are some good examples of problems for which the literature followed the develpment below: The original algorithms,...
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3 votes
0 answers
140 views

If $\sf{E} = \sf{NE}$. Then $\sf{NP}-{P}$ contains no sparse sets [closed]

I am reading "The Complexity Companion" by Hemaspaandra & Ogihara, I have a question about lemma 1.21. In its proof, they suppose $L$ is some sparse language in $\sf{NP}$ ($||L^{=n}||&...
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8 votes
1 answer
335 views

On $\text{ETH}$ with $m$ as parameter: consequences of algorithm running in time $2^{\delta m}$ where $\delta \to 0$ as $k \to \infty$

It has been shown in [1] that $k\text{-SAT}$ has a $2^{o(n)}$ algorithm if and only if it has a $2^{o(m)}$ algorithm, $n$ being the number of variables and $m$ being the number of clauses. Being $s_k=\...
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2 votes
0 answers
164 views

Time complexity of Succinct-CVP

I want to know what is the best known lower time complexity of Succinct-CVP? The succinct version of many P-complete problems are EXP-complete and Succinct-CVP is EXP-complete too (It is because of ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
232 views

Does two-sided error have more capability than one-sided error?

From $P=RP$ extrapolation we might think $EXP=REXP$. What evidence do we have $BPP\subseteq REXP$? What consequence $REXP\subseteq BPP$ gives other than what $EXP\subseteq BPP$ gives?
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15 votes
2 answers
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NP-hard problems with very fast exponential-time algorithms

NP-hard problems with very fast exact exponential-time algorithms, say with $O(1.01^n)$ time, are very rare. Is any fact like "For any constant $\epsilon>0$ there is an NP-hard 'natural' ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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What is the fastest known algorithm for computing a 1.99-approximation of Vertex Cover?

It is known that computing $(\sqrt 2 -\epsilon)$-approximation for VC is NP-hard and that UGC implies that even a $(2 -\epsilon)$-approximation is hard. There is also a parameterized algorithm for ...
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  • 9,378
5 votes
1 answer
209 views

Correctness of AKS algorithm for shortest vector problem

Short question In the end of section 1 of Regev's notes about the AKS algorithm for SVP, why is the following true? for each such $i$,$y_i− x_i$ remains $w$ with probability $1/2$ or otherwise ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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A question about UE

Much has been written about the class UP see related (even more in literature) example question here. Much is understood about the class UP, and its place in collapsing the PH too. UP has a played ...
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1 vote
1 answer
155 views

Asymptotic time required to simulate a Turing machine M for k steps

Problem: Given an encoding of a Turing machine M and a natural number k as input, find the output of M (given a blank tape) after k steps. Wikipedia's page on EXPTIME-complete says it takes O(k) time ...
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1 answer
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Question on deduction that a certain problem requires exponential space

My question concern's a statement from the classic paper The equivalence problem for regular expressions with squaring requires exponential space. Regular expressions with squaring are like ordinary ...
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13 votes
1 answer
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The problem of deciding whether a monotone CNF implies a monotone DNF

Consider the following decision problem Input: A monotone CNF $\Phi$ and a monotone DNF $\Psi$. Question: Is $\Phi \to \Psi$ a tautology? Definitely you can solve this problem in $O(2^n \cdot \...
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-2 votes
1 answer
517 views

Why is it a mystery if PSPACE ?= EXPTIME?

It seems obvious to me that $PSPACE \neq EXPTIME$. I, however, do not believe that my seemingly obvious logic would not be picked up by more intelligent people if it was so simple, so I'm assuming ...
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7 votes
2 answers
399 views

Most general setting for fine-grained exponential-time complexity classes?

Consider the class of functions computable in time $(b+o(1))^n = 2^{\log_2{(b)} \times n + o(n)}$ on a $2$-tape Turing machine. By the Hennie-Stearns theorem, the same functions are computable in ...
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-3 votes
1 answer
189 views

Proof: PTIME not equal EXPTIME [closed]

Can someone give me the name of a paper where this is proved or maybe just prove it here (if it's easy enough)?
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8 votes
0 answers
111 views

Reference for a circuit lower bound for slightly superexponential time

It is known that $EXP$ doesn't have circuits of size $n^k$. On the other hand proving $10 n$ lower bound on circuit size for $E$, $NE$ or even $E^{NP}$ is a known open problem. My question is ...
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5 votes
2 answers
222 views

Oracle comparing $EXP$ with $UP$

Heller (Theorem 6) gave an oracle relative to which $NP=EXP$, and Homer & Selman gave an oracle relative to which $P=UP$ and $\Sigma_2^P=EXP$. Beigel, Buhrman, Fortnow (freely available author's ...
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3 votes
1 answer
144 views

Is it possible to approximate Maximum Independent Set in $O(2^k\text{poly}(n))$ time?

We know that MIS is hard to approximate within a $n^{1-\epsilon}$ factor in polynomial time and that it is $W[1]$-hard and thus unlikely to admit a $f(k)\text{poly}(n)$ time exact algorithm. (here, $k$...
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17 votes
0 answers
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Intermediate problems between PSPACE and EXPTIME

Intermediate problems between P and NP are quite famous, and are sometimes considered as complexity classes by themselves. Do you know of any problem that is known to be PSPACE-hard and in EXPTIME, ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Reference request: complexity of $k$-partite $k$-SAT

Let's consider following variation of $k$-SAT that I will call $k$-partite $k$-SAT: given $n$ variables that are divided into $k$ groups and a $k$-SAT formula $\phi$ such that each clause has literal ...
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13 votes
0 answers
211 views

Parameterized Algorithm to Speed up Exact Exponential-time Algorithm

The connection between $c^kn^{O(1)}$ for $c<4$ and exact exponential-time algorithms beating brute-force $O(2^n)$ algorithms has been known for a long time. However, when $c\geq 4,$ there are not ...
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3 votes
1 answer
136 views

Consequences of faster parameterized integer programming

Integer programming in $k$ variables can be done in $k^{O(k)}$ time and $O(k^c)$ space. Is there any consequence if it can be done in $k^{O(k^\alpha)}$ time and $O(k^c)$ space for some $\alpha\in(0,1)...
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4 votes
1 answer
240 views

Is there a W[1]-hard problem that can be solved in $2^{o(n)}$ time?

This question is about subset problems (the solution is a subset of the instance, so trivially enumerable in $2^n \cdot n^c$ time), and the parameter is the solution size, so-called the standard ...
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  • 2,530
10 votes
1 answer
320 views

EXP-Complete Problems vs Subexponential Algorithms

Does the fact that a problem $A$ is EXP-time complete implies that $A$ is not in $DTIME(2^{o(n)})$? I'm aware that by the time hierarchy theorem, $EXP=DTIME(2^{n^{O(1)}})$ is not included in $E=...
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  • 1,052
40 votes
2 answers
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Do any quantum algorithms improve on classical SAT?

Classical algorithms can solve 3-SAT in $1.3071^n$ time (randomized) or $1.3303^n$ time (deterministic). (Reference: Best Upper Bounds on SAT ) For comparison, using Grover's algorithm on a quantum ...
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5 votes
2 answers
350 views

Questions regarding SETH

I read about the strong exponential time hypothesis, which states (as far as I understand) that SAT problem cannot be solved in running time $O(2^{\epsilon n})$ for any $\epsilon < 1$, where $n$ is ...
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14 votes
6 answers
487 views

Problems with Unknown Single Exponential Time Agorithms

I'm looking for examples of problems for which it is easy to get algorithms running in time $2^{O(n\log n)}$, or $2^{O(n^c)}$ for some $c>1$ but for which it is not known whether there is an ...
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  • 1,052
8 votes
1 answer
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Two DFA intersection emptiness connections to SETH & L vs P

(re "fine grained complexity") Wehar has proved that Two DFA intersection emptiness in $O(n^{2-\epsilon})$ time → SETH false. does anyone see any particular key proof difficulty, challenge, ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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Complexity of validity problem for Monadic First Order Logic?

Monadic First Order Logic is FOL with no function symbols, and predicate symbols restricted to arity 1. For this question, let's say that the = symbol is also forbidden. I want to know the complexity ...
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4 votes
1 answer
92 views

Approximate matching in table of integer vectors

Disclaimer: This is my first question on cstheory.stackexchange.com so please be forgiving. I have a list of M (M is big, more than 1 million elements) vectors of integers. Each vector can contain 0-...
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1 vote
0 answers
44 views

Information about algorithm to generate sequences

I want to make an application for generating a sequence (called S) of items (I), based on conditions (called C). The Conditions are defined as a property with a 'bonus/reduction'. The total score (T) ...
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16 votes
0 answers
448 views

What is the evidence for average case separation between EXP and NEXP?

There is significant evidence from cryptography that there exist NP-complete problems that are hard in the average case (meaning that e.g. $AvgP \nsupseteq DistNP$). Namely, we have candidate one-way ...
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5 votes
0 answers
246 views

Is MAX-SAT SETH (like) hard?

If we make a random assignment to the variables in $k$-sat ($m$ clauses), we are going to satisfy $(1-2^{-k})m$ clauses in expectation. In general satisfying fewer clauses is considered easy. There ...
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0 votes
0 answers
72 views

Finding exact value with a quotients of products of random values

Sorry for the haphazard title: really not sure what this should be called Suppose we have a set of $z$ random values $S = r_1, \dots, r_z$ drawn from $\mathbb{Z}_N$ (where $N$ is some large prime). ...
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  • 139
5 votes
1 answer
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What is the worst-case runtime complexity to transform a NFA to DFA via Rabin-Scott's power set construction?

What is the worst-case runtime complexity to transform a NFA to DFA via Rabin-Scott's power set construction? Why? Details: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Powerset_construction states that the worst-...
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13 votes
3 answers
5k views

Examples of problems where exponential algorithms run faster than polynomial algorithms for practical sizes?

Do you know of any problems (preferably at least somewhat well known), where, for a practical problem size, an exponential algorithm runs much faster than a best-known polynomial time counterpart. ...
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  • 313
0 votes
1 answer
219 views

Examples of $2^{\Theta(n^2)}\text{poly}(n)$-time algorithms

What are notable examples of problems for which the best currently known algorithm has $2^{\Theta(n^2)}\text{poly}(n)$ running time ?
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  • 650
4 votes
1 answer
963 views

Example of context-free grammar that triggers exponential behaviour without memoization in RD parsers

It is often said that memoization brings the complexity of recursive-descent parsers from exponential to polynomial. However, I had a hard time finding an example grammar that triggers the exponential ...
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  • 366
12 votes
2 answers
403 views

$\overline{SAT} \in NTIME(subexp)$?

Is it possible that $\overline{SAT} \in NTIME(\exp(n^{0.9}))$ ? Are there interesting consequences of such containment? Would it contradict the Exponential Time Hypothesis?
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  • 1,897
3 votes
0 answers
941 views

What's the hardest problem with a non-trivial exact algorithm?

Exact algorithms for NP-complete problems are sometimes feasible, if the input is small enough. I’ve also came across some algorithms which are not practical even for very small inputs, and their ...
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  • 9,378
2 votes
1 answer
273 views

Design of exact algorithms for non-local hard problems

In the connected dominating set problem (CDS) we are given an $n$-vertex undirected graph, and asked to find the smallest connected subset $S$ of vertices such that each vertex not in $S$ is adjacent ...
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  • 3,160
12 votes
1 answer
529 views

Computational Model in SETH

Impagliazzo, Paturi and Calabro, Impagliazzo, Paturi introduced Exponential-Time Hypothesis (ETH) and Strongly Exponential-Time Hypothesis (SETH). Roughly, SETH says that there is no algorithm which ...
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10 votes
2 answers
496 views

Hardness of a subcase of Set Cover

How hard is the Set Cover problem if the number of elements is bounded by some function (e.g, $\log n$) where $n$ is the size of the problem instance. Formally, Let $\mathcal{U}=\{e_1, \cdots, e_m\}$...
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  • 101
22 votes
1 answer
1k views

Exact algorithm for NAE-3SAT

The NAE-3SAT problem is to determine whether a given 3CNF formula has a satisfying assignment that gives each clause at least one false (and at least one true) literal. The problem is NP-complete. One ...
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  • 2,459
9 votes
2 answers
397 views

Exact exponential-time algorithms for 0-1 programs with nonnegative data

Are there known algorithms for the following problem that beat the naive algorithm? Input: matrix $A$ and vectors $b,c$, where all entries of $A,b,c$ are nonnegative integers. Output: an optimal ...
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