# Questions tagged [extremal-combinatorics]

Extremal combinatorics studies how large or how small a collection of finite objects (numbers, graphs, vectors, sets, etc.) can be, if it has to satisfy certain restrictions.

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### Algorithm to check whether a given set is Sidon

We call a set of natural numbers $\mathcal S$ to be a Sidon Set if $a+b=c+d$ for $a,b,c,d\in \mathcal S$ implies $\{a,b\}=\{c,d\}$. In other words, all pairwise sums are distinct. What algorithms do ...
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### What is the smallest graph of treewidth $k$ having less edges than the $(k+1)$-clique?

Treewidth is a graph parameter measuring how close a graph is to being a tree. I am interested in what is the minimal number of edges required for a graph to have treewidth $k$. A natural family of ...
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### Graphs with minimal-size induced subgraphs

I consider undirected graphs $G = (V, E)$ for which I write $\text{n}(G) := |V|$ the number of vertices and $\text{m}(G) := |E|$ the number of edges. For $d \in \mathbb{N}$, I say that $G$ is $d$-...
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### Lower bound on the size of maximum interval induced subgraphs of an $n$-vertex graph $G$

Let $H$ be a maximum induced interval subgraph of a graph $G=(V,E)$. If $n=|V|$， then what is the smallest number of $V(H)$? The number is at most $3n/4$： consider a set of disjoint $4$-holes. Can ...
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### Computational complexity of Turán-type problems

According to Turán's theorem (with $r=n/2$), any graph $G$ with $n$ vertices and at least $n(n-2)/2$ edges must contain a clique of size $n/2+1$. My question is: how hard is it to find this clique?$^*$...
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### Kruskal-Katona Theorem with Majority?

I am interested in the following problem which seems like an extension of the Kruskal-Katona Theorem. Let $A_k \subseteq \{0,1\}^n$ be a subset of the hypercube such that every element in $A$ has ...
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### $\rho OPT + k$ approximation for bin packing (Unpublished result of David P. Williamson)

I am currently stuck on Exercise 5.12 in this book, which is apparently an unpublished result of David P. Williamson according to the book notes. The problem asks to use randomized rounding and first ...
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### Constructing a large bit-vector set with the following property

I would like to construct a set $S\subseteq\{0,1\}^{2n}$ that satisfy the property: $$\forall x\neq y\in S\ \ \exists k\in [n]:\forall i,j\in[n], \sum_{t=k+i}^{2n}x_t\neq\sum_{t=k+j}^{2n}y_t$$ In ...
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### What is the smallest deterministic construction of an ordered perfect hashing family?

A $(n,k)$-perfect hashing family is a family of functions $H=\{h_i:[n]\to[k]\}$ such that for every set $S\subset [n], |S|\leq k$, there exists some $h_S \in H$ such that $H_S$ is injective on $S$. ...
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### Concrete version of KKL Theorem

The Kahn–Kalai–Linial (KKL) Theorem says that for any balanced Boolean function $f:\{−1,1\}^n→\{−1,1\}$ we have $\max_i {\bf Inf}_i(f) = \Omega\left(\frac{\log n}{n}\right)$. I am looking for a ...
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### Which (almost) balanced Boolean function has smallest "total" influence

The well known Kahn–Kalai–Linial (KKL) Theorem says that for any Boolean function $f\colon \{-1,1\}^n \xrightarrow{} \{-1,1\}$  \max_{i \in [n]} \{\mathbf{Inf}_i[f] \} \geq \mathop{\bf Var}[f] \cdot ...
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### How to construct an $(n,m,k)$ separating set''?

This problem is probably known under some other name, if anyone has seen it before, a reference will be great. Given $n,m,k$ (for $m,k\ll n$), a $(n,m,k)$ separating set is a set of $n$-sized binary ...
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