Questions tagged [finite-fields]

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Reference request for linear algebra over GF(2)

I have been looking for materials on the linear algebra over $GF(2)$ but so far I haven't found any substantial textbooks or notes on this subject. In fact in one of the notes I found the introduction ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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BCH codes and polynomials with many values in a subfield

For points $P=\{x_1, \ldots, x_n\} \subset {\mathbb F}_{2^m}$ define $$\mathcal{C}(P, t) =\{(f(x_1), \ldots, f(x_n)) \mid \mbox{$f\in {\mathbb F}_{2^m}[X]$ has degree $t$}\}$$ and $\mathcal{C}'(P, t) =...
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  • 201
5 votes
0 answers
232 views

$\#$P hardness of computing weighted sum of degree $2$ polynomials

Consider polynomials $f: \{0, 1\}^{n} \rightarrow \{0, 1\}$ over $\mathbb{F}_2$ (addition and multiplication are taken modulo $2$.) Consider integers $x \in \{0,1\}^{n}$, written in binary. Let $\...
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  • 153
7 votes
0 answers
229 views

How is a "low-degree polynomial" precisely defined in Algebrization?

I'm going through papers which present algebrization as a barrier and I'm trying to understand how "low-degree" polynomials are precisely defined, i.e. are they low with respect to the ...
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0 votes
0 answers
24 views

Looking for information about a problem of a least subset of vectors modulo 2 summing to another vector [duplicate]

I'm quite interested in the following algorithmic problem, on which I can't find any information. Phrased as a decision problem: Given a set of vectors $V$ in $\text{GF}(2)^n$, a vector $\mathbf u$ ...
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6 votes
1 answer
177 views

complexity of deciding whether there's a small polynomial with a given root

Let $f\in (\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z})^\ast$ be a nonzero element of a prime finite field. For $d, r\in \mathbb{N}$ consider the problem of deciding whether there is a nonzero polynomial $$P(x) = a_0 +...
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2 votes
0 answers
66 views

Which invertible linear transformations can be computed reversibly without ancilla/garbage bits just as easily as they can be computed irreversibly?

Suppose that $L:F_{2}^{n}\rightarrow F_{2}^{n}$ is an invertible linear transformation. Then define $w(L)$ to be the gate count of the smallest reversible circuit on $n$ bits without ancilla/garbage ...
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0 votes
0 answers
28 views

Searchable finite field

Let $F$ be a large finite field, where the elements are strings of length $n$. We require, addition, multiplication, and division to be efficient (polynomial in $n$). We say that $F$ is searchable if ...
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  • 471
11 votes
1 answer
250 views

Binary vector $t$ in $span(S)$ over $\mathbb{Z}/q\mathbb{Z}$ for all prime powers $q$ $\Rightarrow$ $t$ in $span(S)$ over $\mathbb{Z}$?

I have a set of $n$ binary vectors $S = \{s_1, \ldots, s_n \} \subseteq \{0,1\}^k \setminus \{1^k\}$ and a target vector $t = 1^k$ which is the all-ones vector. Conjecture: If $t$ can be written as ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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A random ensemble of sparse boundary operators

The following question arises from the study of quantum error correction, and high-dimensional expanders: Is there an algorithm that for given numbers $n>0,d≤n,r≤n$ samples uniformly a linear ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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On permanent mod $3^t$ computation

By $'$ I mean transpose. I gather the info here from rjlipton.wordpress.com/2014/12/21/modulating-the-permanent. We know that if $U\in\Bbb F_{3^t}^{n\times n}$ satisfies $UU'=I_n$ in $\Bbb F_{3^t}$ ...
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2 votes
0 answers
90 views

Is berklemap-massey works on extention field

According to the articles that i read (also wikipedia [1]), they refer that the above algorithm works on finite field $GF(q)$. But I cannot find an evidence that it still works on extension field, i.e:...
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2 votes
0 answers
85 views

Module Independence Graphs

Given $n, k \in \mathbb{N}$, we create a set $S \subseteq \mathbb{Z}_m^k$ by treating it as an $n\times k$ grid and choosing each $S_{ij}$ by sampling from $\mathbb{Z}_m$, such that $P(S_{ij} = z) = ...
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4 votes
2 answers
429 views

Hardness of finding roots of a degree $2$ polynomials over $\mathbb{F}_2$

Since every $3$-SAT instance with $n$ variables can be expressed as a degree-$3$ polynomial over $\mathbb{F}_2$ with $n$ unknowns, the NP-hardness of $3$-SAT directly translates to NP-hardness of ...
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15 votes
2 answers
525 views

Status of Raghavendra's algorithm for solving linear systems in finite fields

In 2012, Lipton wrote a blog entry about a new algorithm for solving linear systems over finite fields by Prasad Raghavendra. The link to Raghavendra's draft paper on the topic is now dead, and I can'...
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3 votes
1 answer
229 views

Constructing subfields of a finite field

Suppose we have a finite field $\mathbb{F}_{p^n} = \frac{\mathbb{F}_{p}[x]}{<f(x)>}$. I want a deterministic polynomial algorithm to compute all subfields of this field. I think we can do ...
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5 votes
0 answers
111 views

Algebraic dependence of roots of irreducibles over a finite field

I asked this question in Math SE too, but I have since modified it to make it more suited here. Also, in hindsight, the question itself was more algorithmic and was a better fit here. https://math....
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  • 383
6 votes
2 answers
305 views

How to find a non-zero point of a non-zero polynomial of low degree?

Given a circuit that computes a polynomial $P(x_1 \dots x_n)$ of low formal degree over some large field $\mathbb{F}$. Moreover, given a point $X \in \mathbb{F}^n$, such that $P(X) \neq 0$. Can one ...
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1 vote
0 answers
65 views

The curve used in Parvaresh-Vardy decoding

Consider the Parvaresh-Vardy list decoder. As I understand it, the idea is to decide on a curve over an extension field of the form $(f,f^h mod E, f^{h^2} mod E,\dots)$ and then evaluate each of ...
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  • 383
5 votes
0 answers
144 views

Applications of small Kakeya sets over finite fields

It was proved by Dvir that a Kakeya set in $\mathbb{F}_q^n$ has size at least $q^n/n!$, a bound which was later improved to $q^n/2^n$. For $n = 2$ and $q$ odd the exact bound is $q(q+1)/2 + (q-1)/2$ ...
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  • 190
3 votes
1 answer
56 views

Emptiness of complement of subspace arrangement

Given $k$ affine subspaces in $\{0,1\}^n$, consider the problem of testing whether their union covers all of $\{0,1\}^n$. What's the complexity of this problem? P.S.: It seems that this can be ...
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  • 6,940
28 votes
6 answers
2k views

Alternative proofs of Schwartz–Zippel lemma

I'm only aware of two proofs of Schwartz–Zippel lemma. The first (more common) proof is described in the wikipedia entry. The second proof was discovered by Dana Moshkovitz. Are there any other ...
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