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6 votes
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Computational complexity of finding paths with specified product in a (group-labeled) directed graph

This question came up in the analysis of the puzzle game Swish. One way of representing the solvability problem is this: given a directed graph $G$ where each edge of the graph is labeled with an ...
Steven Stadnicki's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
113 views

Relation between automorphism group of a linear code and its dual code

Are there any strong connections between automorphism groups of codes that are dual codes of each other? I am looking for statements like one charcterizes other or one gives bounds on other etc. In ...
Root's user avatar
  • 387
0 votes
1 answer
81 views

Generating set of a group and relation to diameter?

Is there an efficient algorithm to test if a given subset of symmetric group generates the symmetric group? Drawing the Cayley graph and testing for all pairs reachability is one way however that ...
Turbo's user avatar
  • 13k
12 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the hardest instance for the group isomorphism problem?

Two groups $(G,\cdot)$ and $(H, \times)$ are said to be isomorphic iff there exists a homomorphism from $G$ to $H$ which is bijective. The group isomorphism problem is as follows: given two groups, ...
adc's user avatar
  • 177
2 votes
1 answer
145 views

Circuit complexity of group actions

Suppose that $G$ is a group with $|G|=n$. Suppose that $G$ is generated by elements $g_{1},\dots,g_{k}$. Let $\iota:G\rightarrow S_{2^{N}}$ be an injective group homomorphism such that $\iota(g_{i}):\{...
Joseph Van Name's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
55 views

Is topological conventional computation possible?

A function $f:X^{2}\rightarrow X^{2}$ is said to satisfy the Yang-Baxter equation if $$(f\times\mathrm{Id}_{X})\circ(\mathrm{Id}_{X}\times f)\circ(f\times \mathrm{Id}_{X})=(\mathrm{Id}_{X}\times f)\...
Joseph Van Name's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
90 views

How many arithmetic and max operations does it take to compute Dynnikov's action of the braid groups on $\mathbb{Z}^{2n}$?

A function $f:X^{2}\rightarrow X^{2}$ is said to satisfy the Yang-Baxter equation if $$(f\times\textrm{Id}_{X})\circ(\textrm{Id}_{X}\times f)\circ(f\times\textrm{Id}_{X})=(\textrm{Id}_{X}\times f)\...
Joseph Van Name's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
122 views

Do there exists reversible gate sets of intermediate growth?

Suppose that $f_{1},...,f_{k}:\{0,1\}^{r}\rightarrow\{0,1\}^{r}$ are bijective functions. For all $n\geq r$, let $G_{f_{1},...,f_{k};r}=\subseteq S(\{0,1\}^{n})$ be the subgroup generated by i. the ...
Joseph Van Name's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
124 views

When do cellular automata on non-abelian groups not offer a computational speed up?

Suppose that $G$ is a finitely generated group and $A$ is a finite set. Then we shall give $A$ the discrete topology and $A^{G}$ the product topology; in particular $A^{G}$ is compact and totally ...
Joseph Van Name's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
70 views

Can we compute encodings of binary strings under arbitrary permutation groups?

Given a permutation group $G \leq S_n$, can you construct non-uniformly a circuit computing a function $f : \{0, 1\}^n \rightarrow \{0, 1\}^{ceil(log|\{0, 1\}^n/G_n|)}$ with size $O_n(\frac{|\{0, 1\}^...
Samuel Schlesinger's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
271 views

What are interesting algorithmic questions for groups in table representation?

I am currently reading about research problems in nilpotent groups ( assume table representation ). As we know that solvable group isomorphism is known to be in the (almost ) intersection of $\mathcal{...
alha hu's user avatar
  • 151
1 vote
1 answer
97 views

What is the relationship between this notion of symmetry compressibility and Kolmogorov complexity?

If we have some string $x$ and a permutation $g$ which preserves the bits of $x$, we can store the value of $x$ on each of its $g$-orbits as well as $g$ instead of storing $x$ and we can reconstruct $...
Samuel Schlesinger's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
204 views

What is the probability that a random Boolean function has a trivial automorphism group?

Given a Boolean function $f$, we have the automorphism group $Aut(f) = \{\sigma \in S_n\ \mid \forall x, f(\sigma(x)) = f(x) \}$. Are there any known bounds on $Pr_f(Aut(f) \neq 1)$? Is there ...
Samuel Schlesinger's user avatar
13 votes
0 answers
182 views

Deterministic context-free languages that can be represented as the word problem of a group

Consider a group $G$. We call $G$ virtually free is it contains a free subgroup of finite index. If $G$ is finitely generated by some set $X \subseteq G$ one can consider the word problem $W\!P(G)$ ...
dtell's user avatar
  • 231
1 vote
0 answers
90 views

Easy instances for coset intersection problem

Coset Intersection Problem Given : $K,H \le S_n$, and $\sigma \in S_n$ Find : $K \cap H\sigma$ Known results are : $n^{O(\sqrt n )}$ time algorithm by L.Babai. $n^{O(1)} m^{O(\sqrt m )}$, where $...
new's user avatar
  • 358
4 votes
1 answer
209 views

How to find largest supergroup in polynomial time?

Let $G \le S_n$, and G acts on set $[n]$ via a map $\pi$: $$\pi : G \times [n]\mapsto [n] $$ In Input generating set of $G$ is given. Question : I need to find the largest supergroup $G^{'}$ (...
adc's user avatar
  • 177
10 votes
1 answer
257 views

Is this "subgroup packing" polytope integral?

Let $\Gamma$ be a finite abelian group, and let $P$ be the polytope in $\mathbb{R}^\Gamma$ defined to be the points $x$ satisfying the following inequalities: $$\begin{array}{cl} \sum_{g\in G} x_g \...
Andrew Morgan's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
747 views

Are There Highly Symmetric NP- or P-complete Languages?

Does there exist $L$, an NP- or P-complete language which has some family of symmetry groups $G_n$ (or groupoid, but then the algorithmic questions become more open) acting (in polynomial time) on ...
Samuel Schlesinger's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
178 views

Complexity of Computing Lexicographically Minimal Element of Orbit

Given strong generators for a group $(G \leq S_n, *)$ acting on bitstrings of length $n$ and an element $s \in \{0, 1\}^n$, how hard is it to compute the lexicographically minimal element of $G.s$, ...
Samuel Schlesinger's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Relation between group theory and information theory

Motivation: I am interested about the application of group theory to information theory. To be precise, I am interested in data compression (source coding theory). Question: Is there any paper/survey ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 553
2 votes
1 answer
204 views

Is there any efficient algorithm for computing all semigroups of order n? [closed]

Is there any efficient algorithm for computing all semigroups of order n? I found the following paper which solves a bit different problem. Veronique Froidure and Jean-Eric Pin, "Algorithms for ...
David  Tsaturyan's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
170 views

Recognition of a primitive root

Adleman and McCurley published a paper in 1994 called "Open problems in number theoretic complexity, II" (http://ww.cstheory.com/papers/open.ps.gz) Problem 18 of this list of open problems is about ...
ricardorr's user avatar
  • 561
4 votes
1 answer
507 views

Construction of a Global Isomorphism(permutation) for Graph Isomorphism using Local Isomorphism

Given two graphs $G, H$ (each has $n$ vertices). We, split $G$ into subgraphs $G_1, G_2... G_x$ (total $x$ vertex set). Similarly,assume $H$ has subgraphs $H_1, H_2... H_x$ (total $x$ vertex set). ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 553
1 vote
1 answer
102 views

How the hardness of hidden subgroup problem in $S_n$ changes as the order of the subgroup grows?

In Normal Subgroup Reconstruction and Quantum Computation Using Group Representations by Hallgren et al. In this paper it is showed that no hidden subgroup algorithm can distinguish the trivial ...
Omar Shehab's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
222 views

Is there any hidden subgroup of a symmetric group which can be efficiently determined?

There have been a number of cases where efficient hidden subgroup algorithms have been found for specific non-Abelian groups with very specific structures. Why haven't we found any efficient quantum ...
Omar Shehab's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
133 views

Why hidden subgroup problem is easy for very large subgroup?

I am going through QUANTUM MECHANICAL ALGORITHMS FOR THE NONABELIAN HIDDEN SUBGROUP PROBLEM by Grigni et al. On page 2, it is said that solving the hidden subgroup problem becomes very easy when the ...
Omar Shehab's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
121 views

Question about discarding the second register in the standard approach of hidden subgroup algorithm

My questions: What does discarding the second register mean for the standard approach of hidden subgroup algorithm? Why does discarding let the first register end up in a mixed state? My ...
Omar Shehab's user avatar
14 votes
6 answers
3k views

Book for self study of algorithms in group theory

I am a math major interested on TCS. I want to self-study the algorithms, and complexity of them for solving the group theoretical problems like find order of elements, coset enumeration, find ...
ricardorr's user avatar
  • 561
-3 votes
1 answer
144 views

Dimension of the Fourier transform for $S_5$ [closed]

My question: What is the dimension of the Fourier transform for $S_5$? My effort: The dimensions of the seven irreps of $S_5$ are $1,1,4,4,5,5,6$. According to the notes of Andrew Childs, the ...
Omar Shehab's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
417 views

Are Graph and Group Isomorphism problems random self-reducible?

Are Graph and Group Isomorphism problems known to be random self-reducible? If so is there a good proof? Are there other non-trivial examples of random self-reducibility? Is there a good reference?
Turbo's user avatar
  • 13k
3 votes
0 answers
107 views

Embedding distortion under group quotient

The high level question is as follows: Suppose some group (here assumed to be a vector space of $\mathbf{F}_2^n$) has a low-distortion embedding into $l_1$. Under what condition does the quotient of ...
Lior Eldar's user avatar
  • 1,224
3 votes
1 answer
187 views

Complexity class for some group and graph homomorphism problems

Given two groups $G_1$ and $G_2$ what is the complexity class in which the following problem belongs? $$\mathsf{Is }|Hom(G_1,G_2)|>0$$ Given two graphs $H_1$ and $H_2$ what is the complexity ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
152 views

Some nuances on Group and Subgroup Isomorphism?

(1) Is it known Group Isomorphism is in $\mathsf{coNP}$ and is the conjecture so? Is there a good reference for $\mathsf{coNP}$-ness in similar situations? (2) Is subgroup isomorphism $\mathsf{NP\...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
59 views

First register in the hidden subgroup representations of Simon's and graph isomorphism problems

The Simon's problem involves a function which takes binary strings as inputs. One seeks to find the period of the function which acts on those inputs. In the standard method, the first register has ...
Omar Shehab's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
538 views

Quasi-polynomial time algorithm for permutation group isomorphism

Is there a known $n^{\alpha \log n+O(1)}$ algorithm for permutation group isomorphism? Here $n$ is the size of the group, and the isomorphism must be a permutational isomorphism. My hope for such an ...
Thomas Klimpel's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
290 views

Determining what can be achieved by a permutation of elements of a noncommutative group

Fix a finite group $G$. I am interested in the following decision problem: the input is some elements of $G$ with a partial order on them, and the question is whether there is a permutation of the ...
a3nm's user avatar
  • 9,547
9 votes
2 answers
798 views

Number of Automorphisms of a graph for graph isomorphism

Let $G$ and $H$ be two $r$-regular connected graphs of size $n$. Let $A$ be the set of permutations $P$ such that $PGP^{-1}=H$. If $G=H$ then $A$ is the set of automorphisms of $G$. What is the ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 553
0 votes
2 answers
623 views

Complexity of simple undirected graph isomorphism problem

We define a simple undirected graph as a graph where no vertex has a loop and there is only zero or one undirected, unweighted edge between any pair of vertices. My question: What is the complexity ...
Omar Shehab's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
664 views

Complexity of computing the order of a permutation group

Given two permutations $g$ and $h$ over $n$ elements (i.e., members of $S_n$), what is the complexity of computing the order of the subgroup generated by $g,h$? Or just of deciding whether the ...
Aryeh's user avatar
  • 10.6k
1 vote
0 answers
37 views

Coset state of $3$-node graph isomorphism problem

The hidden subgroup representation of a $3$-node graph isomorphism problem is defined over the symmetric group, $G = S_6$. So, any hidden subgroup algorithm that wishes to solve the problem should ...
Omar Shehab's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
123 views

Problem with a group as complexity parameter?

I am currently studying a complexity problem related to symmetries, and am considering a study of the parameterized complexity of the problem. In theory, any part of the input can be fixed as a ...
Boson's user avatar
  • 560
7 votes
2 answers
411 views

possible bridge between group growth theory and complexity theory?

RJ Lipton conjectures a link between group growth theory and complexity theory. Group growth theory has undergone rapid advance in the last decade and has many surface similarities/ parallels with ...
vzn's user avatar
  • 11k
3 votes
1 answer
182 views

Efficient generation of permutational invariant quantum states

Starting from $|00\cdots 0\rangle$, can permutational invariant quantum states, i.e. the following one: $$ |\psi_n\rangle = \frac1{n!} \sum \prod_{\pi\in S_n} |\pi(0)\rangle|\pi(1)\rangle\cdots|\pi(n-...
draks ...'s user avatar
  • 155
10 votes
1 answer
178 views

Diameter of Cayley graphs of subgroups of $S_n$ without inverses

Babai and Seress proved that given a subgroup $G \leq S_n$ and a generating set $S$ of $G$, any permutation in $G$ can be written as a product of generators and their inverses of length $e^{(1+o(1))\...
Yuval Filmus's user avatar
  • 14.5k
17 votes
2 answers
697 views

Complexity of the coset intersection problem

Given the symmetry group $S_n$ and two subgroups $G, H\leq S_n$, and $\pi\in S_n$, does $G\pi\cap H=\emptyset$ hold? As far as I know, the problem is known as the coset intersection problem. I am ...
maomao's user avatar
  • 1,345
7 votes
0 answers
70 views

Explicit error bounds on the abelian hidden subgroup problem

What are some explicit forms for the error probability in the typical quantum abelian hidden subgroup algorithm as a function of oracles queries? Ettinger, Hoyer, and Knill give a result that the ...
W. J. Zeng's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
357 views

$\ell_1$ norm of Fourier coefficients vector for the hypercube

Let $G$ be the normzlied hypercube graph on $2^d$. It is a Cayley graph and it is well known that its eigenvalues are given by $\lambda_r = 1-2\frac{|r|}{d}$ for every $r \in \{0,1\}^d$. Given a ...
Dean's user avatar
  • 225
10 votes
1 answer
350 views

Recent progress in permutation groups algorithms?

I am interested in algorithms for finite groups as implemented in the GAP package. It seems that all known algorithms in this field deal with permutation groups/matrix groups; two fundamental ones are ...
Charles Mosley's user avatar
11 votes
0 answers
307 views

Generalizations of the determinant/permanent problem?

A tantalizing open question in computational complexity is to understand the 'behavioral differences' between the determinant and the permanent. While the former is computable in polynomial time with ...
NisaiVloot's user avatar
  • 1,292
4 votes
2 answers
374 views

TCS oriented refs/survey on group theoretic word problem

The word problem for groups was shown to be Turing-complete in 1955 but has many decidable subcases. This problem arose more in mathematical group theory than in theoretical computer science, but now ...
vzn's user avatar
  • 11k