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2
votes
1answer
97 views

Circuit complexity of group actions

Suppose that $G$ is a group with $|G|=n$. Suppose that $G$ is generated by elements $g_{1},\dots,g_{k}$. Let $\iota:G\rightarrow S_{2^{N}}$ be an injective group homomorphism such that $\iota(g_{i}):\{...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Is topological conventional computation possible?

A function $f:X^{2}\rightarrow X^{2}$ is said to satisfy the Yang-Baxter equation if $$(f\times\mathrm{Id}_{X})\circ(\mathrm{Id}_{X}\times f)\circ(f\times \mathrm{Id}_{X})=(\mathrm{Id}_{X}\times f)\...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

How many arithmetic and max operations does it take to compute Dynnikov's action of the braid groups on $\mathbb{Z}^{2n}$?

A function $f:X^{2}\rightarrow X^{2}$ is said to satisfy the Yang-Baxter equation if $$(f\times\textrm{Id}_{X})\circ(\textrm{Id}_{X}\times f)\circ(f\times\textrm{Id}_{X})=(\textrm{Id}_{X}\times f)\...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Do there exists reversible gate sets of intermediate growth?

Suppose that $f_{1},...,f_{k}:\{0,1\}^{r}\rightarrow\{0,1\}^{r}$ are bijective functions. For all $n\geq r$, let $G_{f_{1},...,f_{k};r}=\subseteq S(\{0,1\}^{n})$ be the subgroup generated by i. the ...
5
votes
0answers
90 views

When do cellular automata on non-abelian groups not offer a computational speed up?

Suppose that $G$ is a finitely generated group and $A$ is a finite set. Then we shall give $A$ the discrete topology and $A^{G}$ the product topology; in particular $A^{G}$ is compact and totally ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Can we compute encodings of binary strings under arbitrary permutation groups?

Given a permutation group $G \leq S_n$, can you construct non-uniformly a circuit computing a function $f : \{0, 1\}^n \rightarrow \{0, 1\}^{ceil(log|\{0, 1\}^n/G_n|)}$ with size $O_n(\frac{|\{0, 1\}^...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Can you find a function which is far easier than it is approximately symmetric?

Define $\mathcal{F}(G) = \{ f : \{0, 1\}^n \rightarrow \{0, 1\} \mid G \leq Aut(f) \}$. Note that all functions can be computed on $n$ bits with circuits of size $2^n/n$. On the other hand, we don't ...
7
votes
3answers
211 views

What are interesting algorithmic questions for groups in table representation?

I am currently reading about research problems in nilpotent groups ( assume table representation ). As we know that solvable group isomorphism is known to be in the (almost ) intersection of $\mathcal{...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

What is the relationship between this notion of symmetry compressibility and Kolmogorov complexity?

If we have some string $x$ and a permutation $g$ which preserves the bits of $x$, we can store the value of $x$ on each of its $g$-orbits as well as $g$ instead of storing $x$ and we can reconstruct $...
8
votes
1answer
138 views

What is the probability that a random Boolean function has a trivial automorphism group?

Given a Boolean function $f$, we have the automorphism group $Aut(f) = \{\sigma \in S_n\ \mid \forall x, f(\sigma(x)) = f(x) \}$. Are there any known bounds on $Pr_f(Aut(f) \neq 1)$? Is there ...
9
votes
0answers
108 views

Deterministic context-free languages that can be represented as the word problem of a group

Consider a group $G$. We call $G$ virtually free is it contains a free subgroup of finite index. If $G$ is finitely generated by some set $X \subseteq G$ one can consider the word problem $WP(G)$ ...
4
votes
0answers
73 views

Easy instances for coset intersection problem

Coset Intersection Problem Given : $K,H \le S_n$, and $\sigma \in S_n$ Find : $K \cap H\sigma$ Known results are : $n^{O(\sqrt n )}$ time algorithm by L.Babai. $n^{O(1)} m^{O(\sqrt m )}$, where $...
6
votes
1answer
167 views

How to find largest supergroup in polynomial time?

Let $G \le S_n$, and G acts on set $[n]$ via a map $\pi$: $$\pi : G \times [n]\mapsto [n] $$ In Input generating set of $G$ is given. Question : I need to find the largest supergroup $G^{'}$ (...
10
votes
1answer
210 views

Is this “subgroup packing” polytope integral?

Let $\Gamma$ be a finite abelian group, and let $P$ be the polytope in $\mathbb{R}^\Gamma$ defined to be the points $x$ satisfying the following inequalities: $$\begin{array}{cl} \sum_{g\in G} x_g \...
15
votes
2answers
668 views

Are There Highly Symmetric NP- or P-complete Languages?

Does there exist $L$, an NP- or P-complete language which has some family of symmetry groups $G_n$ (or groupoid, but then the algorithmic questions become more open) acting (in polynomial time) on ...
10
votes
2answers
137 views

Complexity of Computing Lexicographically Minimal Element of Orbit

Given strong generators for a group $(G \leq S_n, *)$ acting on bitstrings of length $n$ and an element $s \in \{0, 1\}^n$, how hard is it to compute the lexicographically minimal element of $G.s$, ...
4
votes
2answers
470 views

Relation between group theory and information theory

Motivation: I am interested about the application of group theory to information theory. To be precise, I am interested in data compression (source coding theory). Question: Is there any paper/survey ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Is there any efficient algorithm for computing all semigroups of order n? [closed]

Is there any efficient algorithm for computing all semigroups of order n? I found the following paper which solves a bit different problem. Veronique Froidure and Jean-Eric Pin, "Algorithms for ...
8
votes
0answers
136 views

Recognition of a primitive root

Adleman and McCurley published a paper in 1994 called "Open problems in number theoretic complexity, II" (http://ww.cstheory.com/papers/open.ps.gz) Problem 18 of this list of open problems is about ...
4
votes
1answer
458 views

Construction of a Global Isomorphism(permutation) for Graph Isomorphism using Local Isomorphism

Given two graphs $G, H$ (each has $n$ vertices). We, split $G$ into subgraphs $G_1, G_2... G_x$ (total $x$ vertex set). Similarly,assume $H$ has subgraphs $H_1, H_2... H_x$ (total $x$ vertex set). ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

How the hardness of hidden subgroup problem in $S_n$ changes as the order of the subgroup grows?

In Normal Subgroup Reconstruction and Quantum Computation Using Group Representations by Hallgren et al. In this paper it is showed that no hidden subgroup algorithm can distinguish the trivial ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

Is there any hidden subgroup of a symmetric group which can be efficiently determined?

There have been a number of cases where efficient hidden subgroup algorithms have been found for specific non-Abelian groups with very specific structures. Why haven't we found any efficient quantum ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Why hidden subgroup problem is easy for very large subgroup?

I am going through QUANTUM MECHANICAL ALGORITHMS FOR THE NONABELIAN HIDDEN SUBGROUP PROBLEM by Grigni et al. On page 2, it is said that solving the hidden subgroup problem becomes very easy when the ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Question about discarding the second register in the standard approach of hidden subgroup algorithm

My questions: What does discarding the second register mean for the standard approach of hidden subgroup algorithm? Why does discarding let the first register end up in a mixed state? My ...
11
votes
6answers
2k views

Book for self study of algorithms in group theory

I am a math major interested on TCS. I want to self-study the algorithms, and complexity of them for solving the group theoretical problems like find order of elements, coset enumeration, find ...
-3
votes
1answer
134 views

Dimension of the Fourier transform for $S_5$ [closed]

My question: What is the dimension of the Fourier transform for $S_5$? My effort: The dimensions of the seven irreps of $S_5$ are $1,1,4,4,5,5,6$. According to the notes of Andrew Childs, the ...
-3
votes
1answer
249 views

Are Graph and Group Isomorphism problems random self-reducible?

Are Graph and Group Isomorphism problems known to be random self-reducible? If so is there a good proof? Are there other non-trivial examples of random self-reducibility? Is there a good reference?
3
votes
0answers
99 views

Embedding distortion under group quotient

The high level question is as follows: Suppose some group (here assumed to be a vector space of $\mathbf{F}_2^n$) has a low-distortion embedding into $l_1$. Under what condition does the quotient of ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Complexity class for some group and graph homomorphism problems

Given two groups $G_1$ and $G_2$ what is the complexity class in which the following problem belongs? $$\mathsf{Is }|Hom(G_1,G_2)|>0$$ Given two graphs $H_1$ and $H_2$ what is the complexity ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Some nuances on Group and Subgroup Isomorphism?

(1) Is it known Group Isomorphism is in $\mathsf{coNP}$ and is the conjecture so? Is there a good reference for $\mathsf{coNP}$-ness in similar situations? (2) Is subgroup isomorphism $\mathsf{NP\...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

First register in the hidden subgroup representations of Simon's and graph isomorphism problems

The Simon's problem involves a function which takes binary strings as inputs. One seeks to find the period of the function which acts on those inputs. In the standard method, the first register has ...
7
votes
1answer
417 views

Quasi-polynomial time algorithm for permutation group isomorphism

Is there a known $n^{\alpha \log n+O(1)}$ algorithm for permutation group isomorphism? Here $n$ is the size of the group, and the isomorphism must be a permutational isomorphism. My hope for such an ...
11
votes
2answers
227 views

Determining what can be achieved by a permutation of elements of a noncommutative group

Fix a finite group $G$. I am interested in the following decision problem: the input is some elements of $G$ with a partial order on them, and the question is whether there is a permutation of the ...
9
votes
2answers
453 views

Number of Automorphisms of a graph for graph isomorphism

Let $G$ and $H$ be two $r$-regular connected graphs of size $n$. Let $A$ be the set of permutations $P$ such that $PGP^{-1}=H$. If $G=H$ then $A$ is the set of automorphisms of $G$. What is the ...
0
votes
2answers
389 views

Complexity of simple undirected graph isomorphism problem

We define a simple undirected graph as a graph where no vertex has a loop and there is only zero or one undirected, unweighted edge between any pair of vertices. My question: What is the complexity ...
10
votes
2answers
442 views

Complexity of computing the order of a permutation group

Given two permutations $g$ and $h$ over $n$ elements (i.e., members of $S_n$), what is the complexity of computing the order of the subgroup generated by $g,h$? Or just of deciding whether the ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Coset state of $3$-node graph isomorphism problem

The hidden subgroup representation of a $3$-node graph isomorphism problem is defined over the symmetric group, $G = S_6$. So, any hidden subgroup algorithm that wishes to solve the problem should ...
7
votes
1answer
94 views

Problem with a group as complexity parameter?

I am currently studying a complexity problem related to symmetries, and am considering a study of the parameterized complexity of the problem. In theory, any part of the input can be fixed as a ...
7
votes
2answers
350 views

possible bridge between group growth theory and complexity theory?

RJ Lipton conjectures a link between group growth theory and complexity theory. Group growth theory has undergone rapid advance in the last decade and has many surface similarities/ parallels with ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

Efficient generation of permutational invariant quantum states

Starting from $|00\cdots 0\rangle$, can permutational invariant quantum states, i.e. the following one: $$ |\psi_n\rangle = \frac1{n!} \sum \prod_{\pi\in S_n} |\pi(0)\rangle|\pi(1)\rangle\cdots|\pi(n-...
10
votes
1answer
120 views

Diameter of Cayley graphs of subgroups of $S_n$ without inverses

Babai and Seress proved that given a subgroup $G \leq S_n$ and a generating set $S$ of $G$, any permutation in $G$ can be written as a product of generators and their inverses of length $e^{(1+o(1))\...
17
votes
2answers
522 views

Complexity of the coset intersection problem

Given the symmetry group $S_n$ and two subgroups $G, H\leq S_n$, and $\pi\in S_n$, does $G\pi\cap H=\emptyset$ hold? As far as I know, the problem is known as the coset intersection problem. I am ...
7
votes
0answers
57 views

Explicit error bounds on the abelian hidden subgroup problem

What are some explicit forms for the error probability in the typical quantum abelian hidden subgroup algorithm as a function of oracles queries? Ettinger, Hoyer, and Knill give a result that the ...
4
votes
1answer
232 views

$\ell_1$ norm of Fourier coefficients vector for the hypercube

Let $G$ be the normzlied hypercube graph on $2^d$. It is a Cayley graph and it is well known that its eigenvalues are given by $\lambda_r = 1-2\frac{|r|}{d}$ for every $r \in \{0,1\}^d$. Given a ...
10
votes
1answer
268 views

Recent progress in permutation groups algorithms?

I am interested in algorithms for finite groups as implemented in the GAP package. It seems that all known algorithms in this field deal with permutation groups/matrix groups; two fundamental ones are ...
11
votes
0answers
270 views

Generalizations of the determinant/permanent problem?

A tantalizing open question in computational complexity is to understand the 'behavioral differences' between the determinant and the permanent. While the former is computable in polynomial time with ...
4
votes
2answers
337 views

TCS oriented refs/survey on group theoretic word problem

The word problem for groups was shown to be Turing-complete in 1955 but has many decidable subcases. This problem arose more in mathematical group theory than in theoretical computer science, but now ...
-5
votes
1answer
226 views

Some questions (still) unresolved about braids?

I was looking for interesting questions pertaining to braid theory. I don't know if the following are considered important, but I'd like to ask: (1) in relation with the following link, is it true ...
0
votes
1answer
194 views

Classifying noetherian simple groups by order type?

A (possibly infinite) group $G$ is noetherian if it satisfies the following equivalent conditions: (1) every subgroup of $G$ is finitely generated, (2) there is no infinite strict ascending chain of ...
2
votes
0answers
134 views

Extending the notion of independence

Background I was looking for a formulation of 'free sets' and 'independent sets' from linear algebra that would extend to groups. This question was considered here but I couldn't find a satisfactory ...