# Questions tagged [graph-algorithms]

Algorithms on graphs, excluding heuristics.

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### Is there a primal-dual algorithm for the Tree Augmentation Problem or the Cactus Augmentation Problem?

The TAP problem and the CacAP problem can be seen as covering problems for the minimum cuts of a graph. It seems like these problems would fall under the framework of network design problems (...
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### Are there an algorithm that find Minimum spanning tree in $O(n^2\log\log^*n)$?

Given completed metric weighted graph $G=(V,E)$ that have $n$ vertices. Are there an algorithm that find MST of $G$ in $O(n^2)$? I read abstract of this paper that mentioned an algorithm with running ...
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### exact path cover for undirected graph

In a Python plotting application, I have an undirected connected graph, not necessarily simple, that I'd like to cover with paths such that each edge is contained in exactly one path. The number of ...
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### Fine-Grained Hardness for Undirected Hamiltonicity

The fastest known algorithm for detecting Hamiltonian cycles in directed graphs on $n$ nodes runs in essentially $2^n\text{poly}(n)$ time. However, for undirected graphs on $n$ nodes, there is an ...
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### Fastest Known Algorithm for $k$-Dimensional Matching and $k$-Exact Cover

Given a $k$-uniform hypergraph $G$ (i.e., each edge of $G$ contains precisely $k$ vertices) on $n$ vertices, the $k$-Exact Cover problem is the task of deciding if there exists $n/k$ edges in $G$ ...
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### On-line pagerank in a streaming DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph)

Assume a DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph) is given as a stream of edges such that edge $(u,v)$ is given only after all incoming edges of $u$ are given. Let us denote by $n$ and $m$ the number of vertices ...
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### State of the art approximation algorithm for $\text{MAXCUT}$ that does better than Goemans and Williamson

I had thought that the Goemans-Williamson approximation algorithm was the best for MAXCUT. To quote from Wikipedia: The polynomial-time approximation algorithm for Max-Cut with the best known ...
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### Minimal lexicographical path on DAG in O(||V| + |E|)

Let's assume, that we have directed asyclic graph and nodes U and V. Every edge of this graph is marked with alphabet letter (alphabet size is fixed). Is there any way to answer, what is the shortest ...
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### Approximating Independent Dominating set on bipartite graphs

I'm interested in the following problem: given a bipartite graph, find the smallest independent set of vertices which dominate all other vertices. My question is: are there any positive results in the ...
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### Graph recovery from pairwise-common neighborhoods

Define the common neighborhood of two vertices $u$ and $v$ of a simple undirected graph as the set $N(u,v)=N(u)\cap N(v)$. For a simple bipartite graph $G=(U,V,E)$, define the pairwise-common ...
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### Maximum cliques of the transitive closure of a chordal DAG

Let $G=(V,A)$ be a directed acyclic graph, for which the underlying undirected graph is chordal (so that every induced cycle in the underlying undirected graph is a triangle). It is known that in a ...
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### Minimum spanning tree, but with an unusual objective function

This is a problem that came up in my study of rumour networks. I was wondering if anyone had thoughts or references on this problem. If we have a rooted tree $T = (V,E)$ with root $r$, I first label ...
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### Problem conditions to use Laplacian solvers

I am trying to use Laplacian Solvers to solve a linear equation. I am just learning it (form here), so my question is very basic and it might not even make sense. Suppose that we want to solve Ax=b, ...
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### Pagerank update upon vertex removal

Assume we have computed the Pagerank of the vertices of a given graph. Then, remove a vertex from this graph, with all its edges. How to efficiently compute the Pagerank of remaining vertices in the ...
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### A stronger Flow Decomposition Theorem?

In the classic Network Flows: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications book (pages 80/81) the flow decomposition theorem is stated as follows: Every nonnegative arc flow x can be represented as a path ...
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### Is the Triangle Finding decision problem in $coNTIME(\tilde{O}(n^2))$?

The Triangle Finding decision problem asks whether there exists a triangle in a graph $G$ containing $n$ vertices. A triangle is a triple of vertices $(a, b, c)$ such that $a$ is adjacent to $b$, $b$ ...
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### Multi agent path following with collision avoidance with pre-determined path

I am working on a multi-agent pathfinding algorithm. I am aware of other techniques, but planned on the folowing strategy only. The problem: There is 12x12 grid, with a few solid blockades within them....
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### Optimum partitioning of vertices into mutually disjoint subsets in a weighted graph

tl;dr I'm trying to partition my students into groups with respect to their preferences, i.e. they can declare if they want to be with someone in a group or if they do not want to be with someone in a ...
Given a graph $G=(V,E)$, a clique edge cover is a collection $C$ of subsets of $V$ such that each element $c$ of $C$ is a clique ($c \times c \subseteq E$) and $G$ is the union of these cliques (\$E = \...