Questions tagged [graph-algorithms]

Algorithms on graphs, excluding heuristics.

219 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
0answers
132 views

Crime prevention using graph theory and machine learning

I am looking for a way to the model the incidence of crime among a network of individuals. Part of it will use machine learning, and part of it will have to resort to some graph theoretic ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

Counting the maximum number of paths of length $n$ that differ in at least $k$ edges

What is known about the complexity of solving (or approximately solving) the following problem? INPUT: Graph $G=(V,E)$ and constants $L$ and $K$. OUTPUT: The maximum size of any set $S$ of simple ...
2
votes
0answers
148 views

A variant of the Maximum Weight Clique problem

I am trying to solve a problem that I could reduce to the following: Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ with both edge and vertex weights, all weights being non-negative, find a clique $Q\subseteq V$ s.t. $\sum_{...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Min cut problem on unbalanced partitions for planar graphs with unit capacity edges

The question is: given a planar graph $G$ with unit capacity edge weights and a fixed positive integer $k$, what is an approximation algorithm for finding the minimum size of a cut $(A,B)$ with $|A|=k$...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Unbalanced connected partition

Let $G = (V, E)$ be a connected graph with (possibly negative) vertex weights $w(v)\in\mathbb{Z}$. We want to partition the vertices into two parts such that the induced graphs $G'$ and $G''$ are ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Complexity consequence of logarithmic boolean width of co-bounded degree graphs?

The paper On graph classes with logarithmic boolean-width claims that the boolean width of co-k-degenerate graphs is at most $k\log{n}$ and a lot of graph vertex partition problems can be solved in ...
2
votes
0answers
167 views

Approximating the Radius of a (Dense) Graph

For a (dense) graph, computing its radius is as hard as computer "All Pairs Shortest Paths" (APSP) [1]. So we can focus on approximating the radius. A $(1+\epsilon)$-approximating of APSP for a ...
2
votes
0answers
142 views

Paper regarding the complexity of the longest path problem on weighted directed graphs of bounded treewidth

I would like to cite a paper/report/etc that solves the following problem polynomially in $n$: Given a weighted directed graph $G=(V,E)$, $|V|=n$, of bounded treewidth $k \in \mathbb{N}$ and a source-...
2
votes
0answers
845 views

Is there a better than brute-force solution to the shortest simple path problem?

Given as input graph which can possibly contain negative weight cycles, we can still ask for the weight of the shortest simple path between two vertices (i.e., a path that does not visit any vertex ...
2
votes
0answers
150 views

Computational Complexity of cycle double cover

Let $\mathcal{G}$ be the set of all finite simple graphs. Let graph $G\in \mathcal{G}$ and $C_G=\left <C_1,...,C_m \right >$ be a sequence of cycles of $G$ for some $m$. For every edge $e$ of $G$...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Examples of “Sandpile” TSP Instances

This question is closely related to this MO question. I would like to know, whether any (planar Euclidean) TSP instances are known, that exhibit avalanche effects similar to those ecountered in ...
2
votes
0answers
184 views

zero-sum path problem on a digraph

Consider a digraph $G=(V,A)$ with each arc weighted by either $+1$ or $-1$. A path is called a zero-sum path, if and only if all the arcs in its first half have weight $+1$, and all the arcs in the ...
2
votes
0answers
485 views

Path finding on graph with state dependent edge costs

I'm looking for a version of path planning that is able to find paths in a graph where edge costs depend on the state of the moving entity. In such cases, it is required to also consider trade-offs, i....
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Max common sub forest on $k$ graphs

Not sure how to phrase this really, but here goes. Suppose you are given $k$ simple graphs, each having exactly $m$ edges. The edges in each graph are labeled from 1 to $m$. The problem is to find ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Nearest Common Ancestor on DFS Tree (with Addition of Leaves in DFS Order) on Pointer Machines

What is the complexity status for the Nearest Common Ancestor Problem on Trees in which the leaves are attached to the tree in DFS order ? i.e. Suppose one is visiting a tree T in DFS, and at any ...
2
votes
0answers
524 views

Shortest non-crossing geometric paths

I have a plane graph $G$ and a set of $k$ vertex pairs $\{s_1,t_1\}, \dots, \{s_k, t_k\}$. The goal is to find $k$ non-crossing paths connecting the pairs of terminals $s_i$ with $t_i$ in the graph so ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

Claw finding using quantum walk: superposition for Szegedy's framework

Within Claw Finding Algorithms Using Quantum Walk there is the subroutine $claw_{detect}$ described. As in above paper: Let $J_f(N, l)$ and $J_G(M, m)$ be Johnson graphs. Let $F$ and $G$ be vertices ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

centralized deterministic Spanner construction with low degree and low stretch

Does there exist a centralized deterministic spanner construction with low degree and low stretch both independent of the graph diameter (no log D factor), but can be dependent on the number of nodes. ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Hardness of approximately counting independent sets with a PRAS, rather than FPRAS

It is known that approximately counting the independent sets of a graph is hard, even if randomness can be used, and even if we restrict ourselves to bounded degree graphs with degree bound at least 6....
2
votes
0answers
144 views

How much faster is solving Clique in properly colored graph?

Given a graph $G$ and a proper vertex coloring $C$ with the minimum numbers of colors, how much faster can a maximum clique be found than when just $G$ is given? Additional information doesn't make ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

What mathematical models can analyze and optimize such message passing system?

I look for a mathematical model that can accommodate, analyze and suggest optimizations for a system that can be humanly described as message passing black box programs to which where optimal message ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views

Realization of a bipolar orientation by a mixed graph

Given an undirected graph $G(V,E)$ and a bipolar orientation $s$ over $G$, consider the problem of identifying $s$ by finding the minimum number of edges such that when orienting them in a particular ...
2
votes
0answers
145 views

Weighted graph as average of many unweighted graphs

I have a measure $L(G)$ that is only valid for unweighted graphs because is based on discrete distributions and can't be extended to weighted graphs. My idea is that if I consider a weighted graph as ...
2
votes
0answers
194 views

What is the name for this special case of the Travelling Salesman involving dynamic edge costs?

This is a modeling / taxonomy question. Is there a name for this type of problem? I came up with the following graph problem for a pizza delivery truck, which starts with zero dollars and enough fuel ...
2
votes
0answers
162 views

Graph partition with objective over intra-partition weights

I have a problem in which I need to find an optimal graph cut that maximizes an objective over weights not on the cut. I have looked at the literature but have not been able to find any similar ...
2
votes
0answers
170 views

Eulerian Triangulations

Hi i am looking for algorithms to decide whether a planar pointset has a eulerian triangulation i.e. a triangulation that makes every vertex of even degree. I cam across this page http://cs.anu.edu....
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Hungarian Search and min net-cost-length paths

Consider the Hungarian Search algorithm for max/min weighted bipartite matching. Let G be a bipartite graph weighted by $w:E\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ and let $M$ be a matching in $G$, let $S$ be a subset ...
2
votes
0answers
1k views

Maximum number of triangles in a constrained delaunay triangulation

I'm looking for an upper bound for the number of triangles in a constrained planar delaunay triangulation. I know for d=2 delaunay triangulation, there are at most n+1 triangles where n is the number ...
2
votes
0answers
220 views

Quadratic Binary Optimization formulation of Steiner Tree problem

can someone point out to me a solution or give advice on how to formulate as efficiently as possible in terms of number of bits the minimum Steiner tree problem as a 0-1 quadratic optimization problem?...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Has anybody studied the problem of finding maximal weighted rooted spanning DAGs?

Let G=(V,E) be a directed weighted graph (not necessarily a tournament) and s be a special node of G so that all nodes in G are reachable from s. The problem is to find a subgraph G'=(V,E') of G so ...
2
votes
0answers
226 views

Initial paper of the Moore Neighborhood algorithm

I don't exactly know if this is the place to ask it, but I'm looking for the original paper of the Moore Neighborhood algorithm. I need to make a reference to it (or whoever came up with it). I can't ...
2
votes
0answers
333 views

Recursive parallel topological sorting in linear time

While doing some research on topological sorting I came across a paper Parallel Topological Sorting Algorithm, TADA, A. and MIGITA, M. and NAKAMURA, R. which claims a recursive divide-and-conquer ...
2
votes
0answers
267 views

Algorithm for choosing unique items from a collection of sets of items

I have a number of sets, each containing items with a numerical value and a string. I want to choose one item out of each set, so that: 1. the strings of the chosen items form a set (i.e. the strings ...
2
votes
0answers
485 views

Data set for Degree Constrained MST?

Degree Constrained Minimum Spanning Tree is an NP-hard problem. It differs from Minimum Spanning Tree in that, degree of every vertex should be $\leq$ some degree constrained. This is a well studied ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Shortest s-t Path with a covering constraint

Instance: an undirected graph $G=(V,E)$ with edge-weights $w:E\to{\mathbb{R}}$; a source $s\in V$ and a sink $t\in V$; a ground set $X=\{x_1, ..., x_k\}$, and for every $v\in V$ a corresponding ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Directed Acyclic Graph partition into minimum subgraphs with a constraint

I have this problem, not sure there is a name for it, wherein a Directed Acyclic Graph has different colored nodes. The idea is to partition it into minimum number of subgraphs with the following 2 ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Graph automorphism with prescribed values

Consider a graph $G$ with vertices labeled $1,...,n$ and edge weights $w_{ij}$. Recall an automorphism of G is a permutation $\sigma$ of the vertex labels such that $w_{\sigma(i),\sigma(j)}=w_{ij}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Minimum cut with nonlinear objective function

Let $G$ be an undirected graph. The classic minimum (cardinality) cut problem asks for a cut $C\subseteq E(G)$, such that $|C|$ is minimum. Let us generalize it the following way: let $f$ be a ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

Star seperators to explain computational complexity of algorithms on a class of graphs?

A lot of NP-hard optimization problems on graphs which are perfect become solvable in polynomial time. Unfortunately, the class of graphs that arise in my problem are not perfect. The graphs can be ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Optimally fair stable matching

There's a nice post by Gil Kalai which outlines the inherent bias in stable matching algorithms quantitatively. In the traditional loyd shapeley algorithm for $n$ men and $n$ women, given randomly ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Reduction of irregular graphs, to regular graphs, while preserving hamiltonicity

I am wondering if this is a topic that has had research done... If I could reduce irregular graphs to regular graphs (including replacing redundant node clusters with dummy nodes), while ensuring ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

k-center 2.0: A stronger k-center condition

Given an unweighted, undirected graph, we can use the classical 2-appx for $k$-center to select a set $S$ of centers such that every vertex is within a distance of 2 of some center in $S$. Note that ...
1
vote
0answers
111 views

Generalized path cover problem in DAG

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a directed acyclic graph. Two vertices is transitive if there is a directed path between them. A Path Cover for a Set of Transitive Pairs (PCSTP) is a set of directed paths such that ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Complexity of recognizing generalized graph join

A join of two graphs is the union of both graphs with additional edges such that every vertex of the first graph is connected to every vertex of the second graph. There is a generalization of this, ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Counting the number of connected components in a dynamic plane graph

I'm working on the following problem: let $G = (V, E)$ be a connected, planar graph. Our goal is to find a $d$-partition of $G$, $P = \{V_1, \ldots, V_d\}$, such that $G[V_i]$ is connected, and $\min_{...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

Cluster Assignment in the Stochastic Block Model

Recently, numerous papers have been published about the stochastic block model (SBM). In the literature about SBMs, a plethora of different settings are considered. I am interested in how vertices are ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

\alpha-path on Euclidean graphs

Consider the following problem: Suppose we are given a G=(V, E) Euclidean Graph in the plane and a real $\alpha > 0$. For simplicity assume, there exists only one path whose summation of weights ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

parametrized logspace algorithm for k-dominating set for planar graphs

$k$-Dominating set: Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ where $V$ is a set of vertices and $E$ a set of edges, and an integer $k$, the $k$-Dominating set problem determines if there exists a subset of vertices $...
1
vote
0answers
257 views

Can Lexicographic BFS be implemented in logspace?

Input: Given graph $G=(V,E)$ vertex labeling in some order Output: Change the labeling of vertices's such that labeling start $v_1$ as $u_1$, next label the neighbors of $v_1$ as $u_2,u_3,u_4,...$ ...
1
vote
0answers
193 views

Algorithms for finding all cliques of a given degree in a graph

Consider a graph with $n$ vertices and maximum degree $Δ$. I would like to obtain all $s$ cliques, where $s≤Δ$ and both of them are small compared to $n$. Bron-Kerbosch algorithm gives all maximal ...