Questions tagged [graph-theory]

Graph theory is the study of graphs, mathematical structures used to model pairwise relations between objects.

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78 views

How can I find the PhD thesis of A. V. Kostochka?

I've searched for the doctoral thesis of Alexandr V Kostochka in internet but couldn't find it. Can somebody help me? I have searched in his publications list (which contains only one article ...
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1answer
69 views

Is there a regular bipartite graph where the minimum cuts are trivial?

My question is: Given integers $r$ and $k$, is there an $r$-regular bipartite graph $G = L \cup R$ with $|L| = |R| = k$, which is $r$-edge connected, and such that every minimum cut is trivial? We can ...
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end node with unique path length from the start node in a DAG [closed]

Let $G(V,E)$ be a directed acyclic graph with all edge weights set to one and $s\in V$ be the start node, $E \in V\backslash s $ be the set of end nodes. My problem is to find an end node $e\in E$ ...
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Does every graph of clique-width 3 have a large induced subgraph of clique-width 2?

Is there a constant $\alpha>0$ such that every graph $G$ of clique-width $3$ and order $n$ has an induced subgraph of order at least $\alpha n$ and clique-width at most $2$ (in other words, the ...
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3-hitting set iterative compression

I have a question which i tried to solve without success. I need to prove that if 3-Hitting Set can be solved in time $2^kn^{O(1)}$,then 4-Hitting Set can be solved in time $3^kn^{O(1)}$. There is a ...
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47 views

Claw-free graph linear kernel [closed]

I'm having a hard time solving the problem below: In Claw-free problem, we are given a graph G and $k$, and the objective is to decide whether there exists a subset S $\subseteq$ V (G) of size at most ...
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141 views

Is the difference between the acyclic chromatic number and the star chromatic number unbounded?

Is $\chi_s(G)-\chi_a(G)$ unbounded in general graphs? I thought $\chi_s(G)-\chi_a(G)$, the difference between the star chromatic number and the acyclic chromatic number, is unbounded for general ...
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Randomized algorithm for finding Minimum feedback vertex set

Algorithm FVS(G, k): If k < 0, return ”NOT FOUND” If G is acyclic (i.e., a forest), return  While there exists a vertex 𝑢 of degree at most 2: If deg(u) = 1, remove u If deg(u) = 2, i.e. u's ...
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1answer
217 views

Find research partner (profession and beginner)

I've 10 years of industrial work, but in my free time, I do research, write papers to conferences, help to teach to my old friend at the university and I even did a Ph.D. full-time program. Now, I've ...
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94 views

Has this notion of connectivity in edge-colored graphs been studied?

Consider a simple graph $G$ where each edge is either red or blue. I'm interested in the following notion of connectivity: Two vertices $u$ and $v$ are said to be connected if there is a path ...
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1answer
123 views

Detect if a graph has a $k$ cycle in space complexity $O((\log k)^d)$ for fixed $d \geq1$

For a graph $G$, I want to test if it contains a cycle of length $k$, for some $k$ much smaller than $|G|$. I am interested in particular in an algorithm with low space complexity. The cycle need not ...
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1answer
51 views

Do such instances always admit a 3D matching?

I want to know whether the following kinds of special instances of the 3D Matching problem are ``yes" instances, i.e., admit a 3D matching. We are given 3 sets $A,B,C$ containing $m$ elements ...
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1answer
145 views

TSP with “enemy” nodes

I am curious if the following variation of the traveling salesman problem (TSP) (or a vehicle routing problem (VRP) version) occurs in the literature and has a name I could search for. The story/idea ...
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120 views

Finding vertex separator such that the induced subgraph has minimal number of edges

My problem is related to edge and vertex cuts with a little twist. Given a graph $G$ and two vertexes $u$ and $v$. I want to find a set of vertexes $S \subset V$ that disconnects $u$ and $v$ such that ...
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What are the known classes of undirected graphs such that every graph belonging to that class is guaranteed to have a Hamiltonian Path?

One trivial class of graphs is the class consisting of complete graphs or complete bipartite graphs with equal sized partitions. I would love to know if more such classes exist.
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upper bound on the total number of fixed-length paths in an acyclic graph [closed]

I was wondering if there is an upper bound on the total number of fixed-length paths (path length from 1 to $n-1$ given $n$ nodes) in an acyclic graph (not directed) of $n$ nodes? If so, can you point ...
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164 views

Does such a bipartite graph exist?

In the course of my studies on graphs I sometimes use gadgets. I recently came upon a need for a certain bipartite graph with the following properties, and I am wondering if anyone knows if such a ...
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86 views

Complexity of counting 3-colourings of planar bounded degree graphs

The following are known: It is #P-complete to count the number of 3-colourings of a planar graph (with respect to randomized reductions) [1]. For all $d\geq 3$, it is #P-complete to count the number ...
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148 views

How to find the second smallest cut in a graph?

For an undirected graph, how do we find the second smallest $s,t-$cut(s) for some $s,t\in V$? What's the time complexity of this computation? What if we only cared about finding a cut of size $p+1$, ...
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32 views

Listing Eulerian orienations with special properties

An orientation of a simple undirected graph is said to be Eulerian if every vertex has the same number of in-coming edges and out-going edges (i.e., in-degree($v$)=out-degree($v$) for all $v\in V(G)$)....
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203 views

Complexity of relaxed edge colouring

A (proper) $k$-edge colouring of a graph $G(V,E)$ is a function $f:E\to\{1,2,\dots,k\}$ such that adjacent vertices are mapped to different colours; that is, $f(e)\neq f(e')$ if $e$ and $e'$ are ...
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109 views

Decomposing graph homomorphisms

A homomorphism $h: G\to H$ from a graph $G$ to a graph $H$ is a function from the vertices of $G$ to those of $H$ which preserves edges, that is, if $(x,y)$ is an edge of $G$ then $(h(x),h(y))$ is an ...
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45 views

Generalizing PageRank for tripartite graphs

Problem I have the following directed tripartite graph $G(E\cup V\cup P, A)$, where there is a many-to-one symmetric relationship between the subsets V and E - $e\in E,v\in V,[e, v]\in A \iff [v, e]\...
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56 views

Number of connected partitions (or labelings) in a grid graph

Let $G$ be a 2D lattice graph (undirected) of size $W\times H$. Each "inner" vertex has $4$ adjacent vertices, whereas "boundary" vertices have $2$ or $3$ adjacent vertices, ...
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50 views

Prove that this linear relaxation has half-integral extreme points

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$, here is a Linear Relaxation of the edge cover polytope: (1) For each $v \in V, \sum_{e \in \delta(v)} x_e \geq 1.$ (2) For each $e \in E$, $0 \leq x_e \leq 1.$ Here $\delta(S)$...
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1answer
52 views

Weak incidence colouring

Let $G(V,E)$ be a simple undirected graph, let $k\in \mathbb{N}$, and let $I(G)=\{(v,e)\ :\ e\in E, v\in e \}$ (here, $v\in e$ means $v$ is incident on $e$). A $k$-incidence colouring of $G$ is a ...
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75 views

Monotone circuit representations of paths in a graph?

Consider a directed graph $G = (V, E)$ with a source $s \in V$ and sink $t \in V$. From $G$, I can define a monotone Boolean function $\phi_G$ on the set of variables $E$, in the following way: every ...
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95 views

Graph recovery from pairwise-common neighborhoods

Define the common neighborhood of two vertices $u$ and $v$ of a simple undirected graph as the set $N(u,v)=N(u)\cap N(v)$. For a simple bipartite graph $G=(U,V,E)$, define the pairwise-common ...
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1answer
94 views

How long does it take at most for $k$ boolean variables to map back to themselves with a positive disjunctive update rule?

I have a vector of boolean variables $v=(x_1,\dots,x_k)$. In each step each variable is updated according to a positive disjunction like so: $x_1 \leftarrow x_i \vee \dots \vee x_j$ $\dots$ $x_k \...
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2answers
124 views

Maximum cliques of the transitive closure of a chordal DAG

Let $G=(V,A)$ be a directed acyclic graph, for which the underlying undirected graph is chordal (so that every induced cycle in the underlying undirected graph is a triangle). It is known that in a ...
5
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144 views

Minimum spanning tree, but with an unusual objective function

This is a problem that came up in my study of rumour networks. I was wondering if anyone had thoughts or references on this problem. If we have a rooted tree $T = (V,E)$ with root $r$, I first label ...
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1answer
40 views

Bipartite graph projections, with threshold

Let $G=(\top,\bot,E)$ be a bipartite graph: $E\subseteq \top\times\bot$. The projections $G_\bot = (\bot,E_\bot)$ and $G_\top = (\top,E_\top)$ of $G$ are defined as follows: two vertices are linked ...
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2answers
85 views

Graph labelling where vertices with a common neighbour get different labels

Is the following notion of graph labeling (let me call it special labeling) ever studied in the literature? A special labelling of a (simple undirected) graph $G$ is a function $f:V(G)\to\mathbb{N}$ ...
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27 views

Unique naming/labeling of $40$-node strongly regular graphs

Brendan McKay's webpage lists all possible $40$-node strongly regular graphs. Is there a standard way to name them uniquely?
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1answer
34 views

Maximum weight matching with classes of edges in a multi-edge bipartite graph

Posted a similar question in mathoverflow, have tried to reduce this to Ford Fulkerson, but been stuck. Thought I'd ask TCS community to see if there are any ideas from individuals, here. Consider a ...
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2answers
343 views

Is that edge orientation optimization problem NP-hard?

Is the following optimization problem NP-hard? Problem. For a given undirected graph $G=(V,E)$, find an orientation of the edges that minimizes the objective value $\sum_\limits{u\in V} ~\left( d_{...
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1answer
227 views

Is this edge orientation optimization problem NP-hard?

Is the following optimization problem NP-hard? Problem. For a given undirected graph $G=(V,E)$, find an orientation of the edges that minimizes the objective value $\sum_\limits{v\in V} ~d_{out}(v)\...
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163 views

Is this node permutation optimization NP-Hard?

Let $G=(V,E)$ be an undirected graph and let $\pi$ be a permutation of the vertices in $V$. For a node $v\in V$, we denote by $\text{succ}_{\pi}(v)$ the set of neighbors of $v$ that occur after $v$ in ...
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1answer
128 views

Random Cerny Conjecture

For simplicity, all DFAs will be using the binary alphabet $\{0,1\}$. Let $M$ be a synchronizable DFA. We let $p(M,n)$ be the probability that a random $x\in \{0,1\}^n$ will synchronize $M$. We define ...
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2answers
95 views

Name of this graph partitioning problem? (related to coloring)

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ and an integer $k$, find a partition $P_1, P_2, \dots, P_k$ of $V$ into $k$ parts that minimize the total number of edges between two vertices in the same part, i.e. $\sum_i |(...
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1answer
53 views

Problem conditions to use Laplacian solvers

I am trying to use Laplacian Solvers to solve a linear equation. I am just learning it (form here), so my question is very basic and it might not even make sense. Suppose that we want to solve Ax=b, ...
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2answers
148 views

Minimum number of triangles required to cover a complete graph?

Let $K_n$ be a complete graph, I am interested in knowing the minimum number of triangles required to get a edge cover of $K_n$. In case there is no closed-form solution to this problem, then I would ...
3
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1answer
138 views

A stronger Flow Decomposition Theorem?

In the classic Network Flows: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications book (pages 80/81) the flow decomposition theorem is stated as follows: Every nonnegative arc flow x can be represented as a path ...
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1answer
58 views

random sampling DAGs via nilpotent matrix sampling

The adjacency matrix of an acyclic graph is known to be a nilpotent matrix (all eigenvalues are zero). I am interested in sampling DAG adjacency matrices or equivalently sample random nilpotent ...
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1answer
133 views

Effect of self loops on mixing time?

Consider 2 graphs G1 and G2. G1: Any non-regular graph. G2: Same graph but with added self-loops such that degree of each node is the same (either some $\Delta$, or maximum '$n$', where $n$ is the ...
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25 views

Optimum first stage solution of two stage stochastic shortest path induces tree

I struggle with the proof of Lemma 1 in the Paper "Hedging Uncertainty: Approximation Algorithms for Stochastic Optimization Problems" by Ravi and Sinha and hope this is the right community ...
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1answer
36 views

Multi agent path following with collision avoidance with pre-determined path

I am working on a multi-agent pathfinding algorithm. I am aware of other techniques, but planned on the folowing strategy only. The problem: There is 12x12 grid, with a few solid blockades within them....
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72 views

A class name for series-parallel graphs of same length

I'm currently working on graphs classes where the distance between two specific vertices is the same in every connected spanning subgraphs, and I am looking for a name for this class. Given a ...
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29 views

Optimum partitioning of vertices into mutually disjoint subsets in a weighted graph

tl;dr I'm trying to partition my students into groups with respect to their preferences, i.e. they can declare if they want to be with someone in a group or if they do not want to be with someone in a ...
2
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0answers
42 views

Internal as well as external partition of (regular) graphs

Let $G$ be a simple finite undirected graph. Let $\{V_1,V_2\}$ be a partition of its vertex set; that is, $V_1\cup V_2=V(G)$ and $V_1\cap V_2=\emptyset$. The partition $\{V_1,V_2\}$ is said to be an ...

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