# Questions tagged [graph-theory]

Graph theory is the study of graphs, mathematical structures used to model pairwise relations between objects.

1,231 questions
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### zero-sum path problem on a digraph

Consider a digraph $G=(V,A)$ with each arc weighted by either $+1$ or $-1$. A path is called a zero-sum path, if and only if all the arcs in its first half have weight $+1$, and all the arcs in the ...
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### Graph optimization problem with multiple objectives/constraints

Let's assume that we have a directed acyclic graph $G = (V, E)$, non-negative vertex weight functions $w_a(v)$ and $w_b(v)$, and a non-negative edge weight function $t(u,v)$. We can divide vertices in ...
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### Complexity of Uniform Generation of Perfect Matchings

Jerrum,Valiant and Vazirani on their paper "Random generation of combinatorial structures from a uniform" (http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~vazirani/AppCount.pdf) talk about seeing problems related to ...
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### Maximize the weight of MST + sum of vertex weights

I am considering a problem where the goal is to choose a subset of size $k$ of the vertices in a graph, such that the weight of their minimum spanning tree + the sum of their vertex weights is ...
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### Generalization of Dilworth's theorem for labeled DAGs

An antichain in a DAG $(V, E)$ is a subset $A \subseteq V$ of vertices that are pairwise unreachable, namely, there are no $v \neq v' \in A$ such that $v$ is reachable from $v'$ in $E$. From Dilworth'...
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### Complexity of computing the simplicial width of a graph

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a finite undirected graph. A tree decomposition $(T,\lambda)$ of $G$ is a tree $T$ with labeling function $\lambda : T \to 2^{V}$ such that: For every edge $\{v_1,v_2\} \in E$, there ...
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### Number of bounded minimum vertex covers

Minimum Vertex Cover problem Input: $G=(V,E)$ and Parameter $k$ Output: Decide whether there exists minimum vertex cover of size at most $k$. Question:- Can we bound the number of minimum vertex ...
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### Shortest cycle separator for biconnected planar graphs

An $(s,f)$- balanced separator in a graph $G$ is a set $S$ of $s$ vertices removing which yields connected compoennts of size at most $f|V|$. If the vertices of $S$ form a cycle of length $s$, $S$ is ...
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### Min cost set of edges to connect 2 subgraphs s.t dist of nodes between subgraphs <= K

I find myself with another graph problem that I can't find the name of. I was wondering if anyone was able to identify if this problem and any efficient algorithms to solve it are known. The ...
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### Positive cut algorithm on bipartite graphs with negative weights

Let $G=(V,E,w)$ be a bipartite graph with weight function $w:E→\{-1,1\}$. Is there an efficient (polynomial) algorithm for finding some positive (not necessarily maximum) cut of $G$, if one exists? If ...
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### Triangle arrangement problem

Suppose you are given an undirected graph $G$, with each vertex representing an equilateral triangle with sides of unit length. Does there exist an arrangement of these triangles in two dimensions (...
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### Graph Isomorphism Algorithm of Vertex Transistive Graphs and other

What are the best known Graph-Isomorphism algorithms for below graph classes- 1.vertex-transitive, 2. edge-transitive, 3.arc-transitive (or symmetric) 4.distance-transitive. Are they GI Complete?...
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### Are there any results on the following “generalized matching” problems?

Given a graph $G = (V, E)$, one can view a matching $M$ on the graph as a partition of $V$ into vertex sets $S_{i, j}$ for $j \in \{1, 2\}$, where each $S_{i, j}$ induces a subgraph in $G$ isomorphic ...
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### Subclasses or characterizations of modular or pseudo-modular planar graphs

We say that a graph G is modular if for every three vertices x,y,z there exists a vertex w that lies on a shortest path between every two of x, y, z. Pseudo-modular (or "3-Helly") graphs are defined ...
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### Are there poly time algorithms to determine if a graph is almost bipartite?

Given an undirected graph G, we can say that G is almost bipartite if deleting k edges (or vertices) would make it bipartite. Are there poly time algorithms to determine if a graph is exactly or ...
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### What automorphisms on a Markov Chain imply a uniform limiting distribution?

Consider an irreducible aperiodic Markov chain $M$, modeled as a connected directed graph with weighted edges. The existence of certain (graph) automorphisms on this Markov chain imply various ...
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### Is every well-founded simplification order a well-partial order?

I'm contemplating the proof of Kruskal's Tree Theorem, as presented in the book "Term Rewriting and All That." They use it to prove that every simplification order is well-founded: first by showing ...
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### Bidirectional A*: is an update of the distance estimation feasible while searching?

The A* algorithm is some kind of an enhanced Dijkstra. Keep in mind that I want an optimal algorithm here and A* is optimal if the heuristic does not overestimate the distance to the goal. The ...
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### Intersection graphs of squares and rectangles

Is it known if the class of intersection graphs of rectangles is equal to the class of intersection graphs of squares (not necessarily unit)?
$G$ - directed graph, $n$ - count of nodes According to Eppstein's Algorithm in this paper, the ith shortest path in a digraph may have $\Omega(ni)$ edges. Anybody can explain how this estimate is ...