Questions tagged [graph-theory]

Graph theory is the study of graphs, mathematical structures used to model pairwise relations between objects.

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81 views

$K$ Disjoint Triangles [closed]

Given an undirected graph $G$ and a parameter $k$, the task is to decide if there exists a collection $C$ of $k$ vertex-disjoint triangles. We need to create a randomized algorithm in O*($2^{3k}$)-...
5
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0answers
125 views

Minimum spanning tree, but with an unusual objective function

This is a problem that came up in my study of rumour networks. I was wondering if anyone had thoughts or references on this problem. If we have a rooted tree $T = (V,E)$ with root $r$, I first label ...
6
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1answer
93 views

Finding vertex separator such that the induced subgraph has minimal number of edges

My problem is related to edge and vertex cuts with a little twist. Given a graph $G$ and two vertexes $u$ and $v$. I want to find a set of vertexes $S \subset V$ that disconnects $u$ and $v$ such that ...
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1answer
122 views

What are the known classes of undirected graphs such that every graph belonging to that class is guaranteed to have a Hamiltonian Path?

One trivial class of graphs is the class consisting of complete graphs or complete bipartite graphs with equal sized partitions. I would love to know if more such classes exist.
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1answer
84 views

upper bound on the total number of fixed-length paths in an acyclic graph [closed]

I was wondering if there is an upper bound on the total number of fixed-length paths (path length from 1 to $n-1$ given $n$ nodes) in an acyclic graph (not directed) of $n$ nodes? If so, can you point ...
4
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1answer
158 views

Does such a bipartite graph exist?

In the course of my studies on graphs I sometimes use gadgets. I recently came upon a need for a certain bipartite graph with the following properties, and I am wondering if anyone knows if such a ...
1
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0answers
85 views

Complexity of counting 3-colourings of planar bounded degree graphs

The following are known: It is #P-complete to count the number of 3-colourings of a planar graph (with respect to randomized reductions) [1]. For all $d\geq 3$, it is #P-complete to count the number ...
10
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1answer
253 views

Complexity of unique coloring of graphs

The Isolation lemma of Mulmuley, Vazirani, and Vazirani can be used to show that certain $\mathsf{NP}$-complete problems can be reduced via randomized polytime reductions to the unique solution ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Maximum cliques of the transitive closure of a chordal DAG

Let $G=(V,A)$ be a directed acyclic graph, for which the underlying undirected graph is chordal (so that every induced cycle in the underlying undirected graph is a triangle). It is known that in a ...
5
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0answers
134 views

How to find the second smallest cut in a graph?

For an undirected graph, how do we find the second smallest $s,t-$cut(s) for some $s,t\in V$? What's the time complexity of this computation? What if we only cared about finding a cut of size $p+1$, ...
4
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2answers
193 views

Does replacing each vertex of $G$ by $H$ increase treewidth of $G$ by at most $\Delta(G)$?

I am asking this question from the context of parameter preserving reductions which has implications for kernelization (See Theorem 18 of [1] for an example). For simplicity, here I am assuming that ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Listing Eulerian orienations with special properties

An orientation of a simple undirected graph is said to be Eulerian if every vertex has the same number of in-coming edges and out-going edges (i.e., in-degree($v$)=out-degree($v$) for all $v\in V(G)$)....
4
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1answer
198 views

Complexity of relaxed edge colouring

A (proper) $k$-edge colouring of a graph $G(V,E)$ is a function $f:E\to\{1,2,\dots,k\}$ such that adjacent vertices are mapped to different colours; that is, $f(e)\neq f(e')$ if $e$ and $e'$ are ...
7
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0answers
106 views

Decomposing graph homomorphisms

A homomorphism $h: G\to H$ from a graph $G$ to a graph $H$ is a function from the vertices of $G$ to those of $H$ which preserves edges, that is, if $(x,y)$ is an edge of $G$ then $(h(x),h(y))$ is an ...
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0answers
43 views

Generalizing PageRank for tripartite graphs

Problem I have the following directed tripartite graph $G(E\cup V\cup P, A)$, where there is a many-to-one symmetric relationship between the subsets V and E - $e\in E,v\in V,[e, v]\in A \iff [v, e]\...
2
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0answers
56 views

Number of connected partitions (or labelings) in a grid graph

Let $G$ be a 2D lattice graph (undirected) of size $W\times H$. Each "inner" vertex has $4$ adjacent vertices, whereas "boundary" vertices have $2$ or $3$ adjacent vertices, ...
2
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1answer
92 views

How long does it take at most for $k$ boolean variables to map back to themselves with a positive disjunctive update rule?

I have a vector of boolean variables $v=(x_1,\dots,x_k)$. In each step each variable is updated according to a positive disjunction like so: $x_1 \leftarrow x_i \vee \dots \vee x_j$ $\dots$ $x_k \...
0
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0answers
47 views

Prove that this linear relaxation has half-integral extreme points

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$, here is a Linear Relaxation of the edge cover polytope: (1) For each $v \in V, \sum_{e \in \delta(v)} x_e \geq 1.$ (2) For each $e \in E$, $0 \leq x_e \leq 1.$ Here $\delta(S)$...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Weak incidence colouring

Let $G(V,E)$ be a simple undirected graph, let $k\in \mathbb{N}$, and let $I(G)=\{(v,e)\ :\ e\in E, v\in e \}$ (here, $v\in e$ means $v$ is incident on $e$). A $k$-incidence colouring of $G$ is a ...
3
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2answers
83 views

Graph labelling where vertices with a common neighbour get different labels

Is the following notion of graph labeling (let me call it special labeling) ever studied in the literature? A special labelling of a (simple undirected) graph $G$ is a function $f:V(G)\to\mathbb{N}$ ...
3
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0answers
73 views

Monotone circuit representations of paths in a graph?

Consider a directed graph $G = (V, E)$ with a source $s \in V$ and sink $t \in V$. From $G$, I can define a monotone Boolean function $\phi_G$ on the set of variables $E$, in the following way: every ...
2
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0answers
93 views

Graph recovery from pairwise-common neighborhoods

Define the common neighborhood of two vertices $u$ and $v$ of a simple undirected graph as the set $N(u,v)=N(u)\cap N(v)$. For a simple bipartite graph $G=(U,V,E)$, define the pairwise-common ...
5
votes
2answers
330 views

Is that edge orientation optimization problem NP-hard?

Is the following optimization problem NP-hard? Problem. For a given undirected graph $G=(V,E)$, find an orientation of the edges that minimizes the objective value $\sum_\limits{u\in V} ~\left( d_{...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Bipartite graph projections, with threshold

Let $G=(\top,\bot,E)$ be a bipartite graph: $E\subseteq \top\times\bot$. The projections $G_\bot = (\bot,E_\bot)$ and $G_\top = (\top,E_\top)$ of $G$ are defined as follows: two vertices are linked ...
9
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1answer
498 views

Is the following graph optimization problem approximable within a constant factor?

Let $G=(V,E)$ be an undirected graph, and let $\pi$ be a permutation of the vertices in $V$. For a node $v\in V$, we denote by $\text{pred}_{\pi}(v)$ (respectively $\text{succ}_{\pi}(v)$) the set of ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Maximum weight matching with classes of edges in a multi-edge bipartite graph

Posted a similar question in mathoverflow, have tried to reduce this to Ford Fulkerson, but been stuck. Thought I'd ask TCS community to see if there are any ideas from individuals, here. Consider a ...
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0answers
27 views

Unique naming/labeling of $40$-node strongly regular graphs

Brendan McKay's webpage lists all possible $40$-node strongly regular graphs. Is there a standard way to name them uniquely?
8
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3answers
744 views

Is this vertex ordering optimization NP-Hard?

Could you help me to prove that the following problem is NP-hard? Problem. Given an undirected graph $G=(V,E)$, find an ordering of the nodes such that $\sum\limits_{v\in V}|succ(v)|\times|pred(v)|$ ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

Is this edge orientation optimization problem NP-hard?

Is the following optimization problem NP-hard? Problem. For a given undirected graph $G=(V,E)$, find an orientation of the edges that minimizes the objective value $\sum_\limits{v\in V} ~d_{out}(v)\...
2
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0answers
154 views

Is this node permutation optimization NP-Hard?

Let $G=(V,E)$ be an undirected graph and let $\pi$ be a permutation of the vertices in $V$. For a node $v\in V$, we denote by $\text{succ}_{\pi}(v)$ the set of neighbors of $v$ that occur after $v$ in ...
6
votes
1answer
122 views

Random Cerny Conjecture

For simplicity, all DFAs will be using the binary alphabet $\{0,1\}$. Let $M$ be a synchronizable DFA. We let $p(M,n)$ be the probability that a random $x\in \{0,1\}^n$ will synchronize $M$. We define ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

Finding a random regular graph with degree d

I'm trying to find undirected random graphs $G(V,E)$ with $|V|$ = $d^2$ for $d \in \mathbb{N}$ such that $\forall v \in V: deg(v) = d$. For $d \in 2\mathbb{N} +1$ this trivially is impossible as no ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Name of this graph partitioning problem? (related to coloring)

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ and an integer $k$, find a partition $P_1, P_2, \dots, P_k$ of $V$ into $k$ parts that minimize the total number of edges between two vertices in the same part, i.e. $\sum_i |(...
0
votes
2answers
139 views

Minimum number of triangles required to cover a complete graph?

Let $K_n$ be a complete graph, I am interested in knowing the minimum number of triangles required to get a edge cover of $K_n$. In case there is no closed-form solution to this problem, then I would ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

A stronger Flow Decomposition Theorem?

In the classic Network Flows: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications book (pages 80/81) the flow decomposition theorem is stated as follows: Every nonnegative arc flow x can be represented as a path ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Problem conditions to use Laplacian solvers

I am trying to use Laplacian Solvers to solve a linear equation. I am just learning it (form here), so my question is very basic and it might not even make sense. Suppose that we want to solve Ax=b, ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

random sampling DAGs via nilpotent matrix sampling

The adjacency matrix of an acyclic graph is known to be a nilpotent matrix (all eigenvalues are zero). I am interested in sampling DAG adjacency matrices or equivalently sample random nilpotent ...
3
votes
2answers
520 views

Algorithms for graph generation given parameters

I guess there may be a large number of algorithms proposed for generating graphs satisfying some common properties (e.g. clustering coefficient, average path length, degree distribution, etc). I am ...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

Is feedback vertex set problem solvable in polynomial time for 3-degree bounded graphs?

Feedback Vertex Set (FVS) is NP-complete for general graphs. It is known to be NP-complete for degree-$8$ bounded graphs due to a reduction from vertex cover. The Wikipedia article says that it is ...
8
votes
3answers
329 views

Check if graph stays connected after edge swap

Checking whether a (simple, undirected) graph is connected can be done in linear time in the number of edges. What I am looking for is a more efficient way of checking whether it stays connected after ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Effect of self loops on mixing time?

Consider 2 graphs G1 and G2. G1: Any non-regular graph. G2: Same graph but with added self-loops such that degree of each node is the same (either some $\Delta$, or maximum '$n$', where $n$ is the ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Optimum first stage solution of two stage stochastic shortest path induces tree

I struggle with the proof of Lemma 1 in the Paper "Hedging Uncertainty: Approximation Algorithms for Stochastic Optimization Problems" by Ravi and Sinha and hope this is the right community ...
-1
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1answer
35 views

Multi agent path following with collision avoidance with pre-determined path

I am working on a multi-agent pathfinding algorithm. I am aware of other techniques, but planned on the folowing strategy only. The problem: There is 12x12 grid, with a few solid blockades within them....
3
votes
0answers
71 views

A class name for series-parallel graphs of same length

I'm currently working on graphs classes where the distance between two specific vertices is the same in every connected spanning subgraphs, and I am looking for a name for this class. Given a ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Optimum partitioning of vertices into mutually disjoint subsets in a weighted graph

tl;dr I'm trying to partition my students into groups with respect to their preferences, i.e. they can declare if they want to be with someone in a group or if they do not want to be with someone in a ...
2
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0answers
42 views

Internal as well as external partition of (regular) graphs

Let $G$ be a simple finite undirected graph. Let $\{V_1,V_2\}$ be a partition of its vertex set; that is, $V_1\cup V_2=V(G)$ and $V_1\cap V_2=\emptyset$. The partition $\{V_1,V_2\}$ is said to be an ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Obtaining Sets of Ancestors Quickly in a Directed Acyclic Graphs

Suppose I have a DAG, $G = (V, E)$ and we know that all nodes in the DAG have at most $A$ ancestors. Let $V' \subseteq V$ be a subset of vertices of $V$. Is there a way to obtain the set of all ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

What are graph grammars?

I have found information on graph grammars and graph rewriting, but the papers that I find on it are a bit thick. Can someone give a quick overview of what graph grammars are, as well as an overview ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Finding the cardinality of classes that divide all possible directed graphs into those that share k-subgraph cardinalities?

Let us have a set of nodes $V$, such that $|V|=N$. Let $G= (V,E)$ be an arbitrary directed graph on $V$. Let $U$ be the set of all possible directed graphs on $V$.Hence, $|U| = 2^{|V|^2}$. Now, for ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

When does a bipartite graph have bounded treewidth?

As the title says, I want to know when the treewidth of a bipartite graph is bounded by a constant. What families of graphs are both bipartite and bounded treewidth? More generally, I would like to ...

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