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Questions tagged [hypergraphs]

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5
votes
1answer
105 views

Expander Graph from Hypergraph

I came up with this problem while thinking about an optimizing compiler. Let $H$ be a hypergraph. From this we construct a graph $G_H$ as follows the vertices are the hyperedges of the hypergraph. ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Hypergraph Coloring Complexity

Dear can you help I am confused about the complexity of hypergraph coloring and finding the minimum number of colors Finding the minimum number of colors for strongly coloring a k-uniform hypergraph ...
5
votes
2answers
173 views

Minimising the root-set of a spanning hyperforest of a hypergraph

I am interested in the complexity of a problem involving spanning hyperforests (a union of hypertrees, which covers all of the vertices) of a $k$-hypergraph. I describe the relevant definitions for ...
3
votes
2answers
161 views

Reduction of graph chromatic number to hypergraph 2-colorability

I'm following this paper titled "Coverings and colorings of hypergraphs" by Lovasz 1973, which is referenced in Garey and Johnson's Computers and Intractability, for the Set Splitting Problem. In this ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Almost regular subhypergraph of hypergraph with large minimal degree

I am interested in knowing whether the following conjecture is true or not: For every $d \geq 1$ there exist constants $\delta,M_0 > 0$ such that the following holds for all $M \geq M_0$. ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Counting xyz-graphs in $\mathbb{Z}_n^3$

This is a followup question to: Lower bound on the largest restrained cubic subset How many distinct xyz-graphs exist in $\mathbb{Z}_n^3$? We denote this number as $C(n)$ This question may be seen ...
3
votes
2answers
122 views

Lower bound on the largest restrained cubic subset

Consider an $n \times n \times n$ cube. I would like to consider subsets of points in the cube with the two following constraints: Each row in the cube (in any of the three directions) has exactly 2 ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Detecting bridges in Hypergraph S-t Reachability

Is there a fast algorithm to detect possible bridge arcs in hyperpaths from set $S$ of nodes to node $t$ in a hypergraph $G$. That is, given a hypergraph $G$, source nodes $S$, and target node $t$, ...
1
vote
2answers
206 views

Reduction from independent set in hypergraphs to independent set in graphs

Let me introduce my notations. IS-H : Input : an hypergraph $G=(V,H)$, an integer $k$ Question : is there a (weak) independent set of size $k$, i.e. a set $S \subseteq V$ such that $|S| \ge k$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

What is the recognition complexity of k-uniform k-partite hypergraphs? [duplicate]

We can easily recognize bipartite graphs, but I surprisingly couldn't find anything on the recognition complexity of 3-uniform tripartite hypergraphs, though I'm sure this has been studied. It's also ...
8
votes
2answers
260 views

Complexity of testing if a hypergraph has generalized hypertreewidth $2$

A hypergraph $H = (V, E)$ consists of a set of vertices $V$ and a set $E$ of hyperedges, i.e., subsets of $V$. The generalized hypertreewidth (GHW) parameter is a measure of the cyclicity of a ...
6
votes
1answer
168 views

Complexity of #SAT for monotone DNF formulae whose hypergraph is a hypertree

A monotone DNF on variables $x_1, \ldots, x_n$ is a disjunction of clauses, each clause being a conjunction of some of the $x_1, \ldots, x_n$. The #SAT problem asks, given a monotone DNF $\Phi$, how ...
5
votes
1answer
487 views

Is there an approximation algorithm for MAX k DOUBLE SET COVER?

Given a set system $(X,\mathcal S)$, let us say that a subset $\mathcal C\subseteq \mathcal S$ doubly covers a vertex $x$ in $X$ if $x$ is contained in at least two sets of $\mathcal C$. Let us define ...
6
votes
1answer
289 views

NP-hardness of coloring uniform hypergraphs

Since a $2$-uniform hypergraphs are just graphs. The problem of deciding if $2$-uniform is $k$-colorable for $k=1,2$ is easy, and NP-hard for $k \geq 3$ colors. This is well know and I have seen ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Hardness of 3-dimensional matching variant

I am thinking about a variant of 3-dimensional matching. In normal 3d matching, we have three sets of vertices $X$, $Y$ and $Z$, and a set of edges $E \subseteq X \times Y \times Z$. We want to choose ...
6
votes
1answer
207 views

Intersection models for weakly chordal graphs?

Due to the apparent unpopularity of my previous posts, I'd like to post a question about graph theory which seems to be a popular topic here :) Among the many known classes of perfect graphs, there ...
10
votes
4answers
754 views

Which properties of planar graphs generalize to higher dimension / hypergraphs?

A planar graph is a graph which can be embedded in the plane, without having crossing edges. Let $G=(X,E)$ be a $k$-uniform-hypergraph, i.e. an hypergraph such that all its hyperedges have size k. ...
5
votes
1answer
266 views

Best approximation for a HYPERGRAPH-MAXDICUT problem

Consider a $(c^a,(c+d)^a,1)$-regular directed hypergraph $\mathcal{H}(a)$ on $n^a$ vertices with fixed $n\geq c+d+1$, fixed $c\geq 2$, fixed $d\geq 0$ and variable parameter $a\geq 1$ (meaning every ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

hardness of approximating the chromatic number in graphs with bounded degree

I am looking for hardness results on vertex coloring of graphs with bounded degree. Given a graph $G(V,E)$, we know that for any $\epsilon>0$, it's hard to approximate $\chi(G)$ within a factor ...
20
votes
2answers
3k views

Recognizing line graphs of hypergraphs

The line graph of a hypergraph $H$ is the (simple) graph $G$ having edges of $H$ as vertices with two edges of $H$ are adjacent in $G$ if they have nonempty intersection. A hypergraph is an $r$-...
6
votes
0answers
280 views

k-uniform k-partite hypergraph matching in polynomial time

I have what seems like an elementary question, but google didn't throw up any answers for it. I would appreciate any pointers users here may provide. Please note that I have also asked this question ...
10
votes
4answers
638 views

What are the root difficulties in going from graphs to hypergraphs?

There are many examples in combinatorics and computer science where we can analyze a graph-theoretic problem but for the problem's hypergraph analog, our tools are lacking. Why do you think problems ...
21
votes
2answers
677 views

Are shift-chains two-colorable?

For $A\subset [n]$ denote by $a_i$ the $i^{th}$ smallest element of $A$. For two $k$-element sets, $A,B\subset [n]$, we say that $A\le B$ if $a_i\le b_i$ for every $i$. A $k$-uniform hypergraph ${\...
10
votes
1answer
263 views

CSPs with unbounded fractional hypertree width

At SODA 2006, Martin Grohe and D$\acute{\rm a}$niel Marx's paper "Constraint solving via fractional edge covers" (ACM citation) showed that for the class of hypergraphs $H$ with bounded fractional ...
8
votes
1answer
553 views

Max-clique in line graph of hypergraph

Suppose we have a multigraph (later, a multihypergraph). An edge-clique is a set of edges which all pairwise intersect (have at least one common vertex). Then any edge-clique $C$ in a multigraph ...
4
votes
0answers
221 views

Follow-up on Nair/Tetali's Correlation Decay Tree for hypergraphs?

I'm wondering if anybody has followed up on Nair/Tetali's correlation decay tree construction for hypergraphs. I didn't find anything relevant in back-citation on google scholar. Interesting question ...
10
votes
2answers
400 views

Consequences of lower bounds for $\epsilon$-nets on approximation

Many here are probably aware of Alon's recent super-linear lower bounds for $\epsilon$-nets in a natural geometric setting [PDF]. I would like to know what, if anything, such a lower bound implies ...
12
votes
1answer
360 views

Efficient algorithm for near-optimal edge-colourings of hypergraphs

Graph colouring problems are, already, hard enough for most people. Even so, I'm going to have to be difficult and ask a problem about hypergraph colouring. Question. What efficient algorithms are ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

“All-different hypergraph coloring” - known problem?

I am interested in the following problem: Given a set X and subsets X_1, ..., X_n of X, find a coloring of the elements of X with k colors such that the elements in each X_i are all differently ...