# Questions tagged [linear-algebra]

Linear algebra deals with vector spaces and linear transformations.

93 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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### Rank mod 6 vs rank over the reals

Let $A$ be a boolean matrix (eg with $0,1$ entries). Assume that $A$ has rank $\le r$ both over $\mathbb{F}_2$ and over $\mathbb{F}_3$. Does this imply that $A$ has low rank over the reals? This seems ...
389 views

### Complexity of approximating the range of a matrix

Given an $m$ by $n$ matrix $M$ with $m \leq n$ and elements from $\{-1,1\}$, let us define: $$S_M = |\{Mx : x \in \{-1,1\}^n\}|.$$ I believe that it is NP-hard to compute $S_M$ exactly, by applying ...
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### Approximation algorithm for Minimum Fill-In and/or minimum elimination ordering (for directed graphs)

Recently while working on a problem, I had to go through some of the literature on nested dissection. I happen to have one (maybe two?) questions related to the same. First, I will define a few ...
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### Complexity to compute the eigenvalue signs of the adjacency matrix

Let $A$ be the $n\times n$ adjacency matrix of a (non-bipartite) graph. Assume that we are given the amplitudes of its eigenvalues, i.e., $|\lambda_1|=a_1,\ldots, |\lambda_n|=a_n$, and we would like ...
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### the largest element of a matrix product

Given two matrices, I'm interested in finding the largest element of their product. I wonder if it's possible to do it significantly faster than the matrix multiplication the solution seems to require?...
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### Do Banach spaces and linear contraction maps form a model of ILL with an exponential?

Recently, I read on the nLab that the category of Banach spaces and linear contractions is small complete, small cocomplete, and monoidal closed. This means that Banach spaces and short linear maps ...
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### Complexity of finding the leading eigenvector of a graph Laplacian

Let ${\bf L}$ be the $n\times n$ Laplacian of a graph. What is the worst case complexity for calculating the maximum eigeinvector of ${\bf L}$? Are there any families of Laplacians for which it takes ...
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### Is there a P-complete problem on diophantine equations?

In general deciding whether a diophantine equation has any integer solutions is equivalent to the halting problem. I believe that deciding if a quadratic diophantine equation has any solution is NP-...
169 views

### Number of graphs with prescribed spectrum

I have a question relevant to the number of graphs with prescribed spectral ratio. Let $A$ be the adjacency matrix of a graph on $n$ vertices. Let $\lambda_i$ be its $i$-th largest (signed) eigenvalue....
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### Finding a cutting plane that splits a polyhedron evenly

Say we have a polyhedron in standard form: \begin{equation*} \begin{array}{rl} \mathbf{A}\mathbf{x} = \mathbf{b} \\\\ \mathbf{x} \ge 0 \end{array} \end{equation*} Are there any known methods for ...
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### Extensions of Affine Dispersers

A function $f\colon\{0,1\}^n\to\{0,1\}$ is called an affine disperser for dimension $d$, if for every affine subspace $S\subseteq \{0,1\}^n$ of dimension at least $d$, $f$ is not constant on $S$. This ...
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### Finding SVD efficiently for $AB^T$

I have a low rank matrix given as $AB^T$ where $A,B \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times p}$ and $p \ll n$. (I know $A$ and $B$ separately) EDIT: (I have added the second question here since it was closed as a ...
195 views

### Counting small terms in a determinant calculation over polynomials (counting spanning trees by weight)

I have a $n\times n$ matrix $A$. It's terms are $a_{ij}=-x^{w_{ij}}$ if $i\neq j$ and $a_{ii}=\sum_{j=0}^{n+1} x^{w_{ij}}$ on the diagonal. The matrix is symmetric as $w_{ij}=w_{ji}$. Numbers $w_{ij}$ ...
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### Extension of Cheeger's inequality with distinguished vertices

The standard Cheeger's inequality for graph $G$ states that $\frac{1}{2}$ $\lambda$ < $\phi(G)$ < $\sqrt{2\lambda}$ where $\lambda$ is the second smallest eigenvalue of the normalized ...
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### Reference for computing the rank of a matrix in polynomial time

In a recent paper, I need to use the fact that computing the rank of a matrix over the integers has polynomial complexity. Given the context, I don't particularly care about the exact asymptotics, as ...
179 views

### Algebraic methods for testing planarity

Mac Lane's planarity criterion states that a graph is planar if and only if it has a cycle basis such that each edge is contained in at most two cycles, we call such a basis a 2-basis. A 2-basis of a ...
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### Gaussian elimination for inverting matrices modulo prime power

Can I use Gaussian elimination to compute matrix inverse over the ring $\mathbb{Z}_{p^k}$ (ring of residues modulo $p^k$) where $p$ is prime and $k$ is an integer greater than $1$? Such matrix is ...
370 views

### Spectral Graph Theory and Matroid Theory

I have just started grad school this year and I have been into Spectral Graph Theory for some time now. Recently I got introduced to Matroid Theory and although I know the field has been around for ...
496 views

### An algorithm to compute the number of paths of length at most k

So I had to answer the following question: Given a graph $G = (V, E)$, and two vertices $v_i, v_j$, compute the number of walks between $v_i$ and $v_j$ of length at most $k$. $G$ is not too large, ...
135 views

### Reference request: reducing rank computations to characteristic polynomials over arbitrary rings

Question. I'm looking into certain algorithms for linear algebra which lie in NC2. Does anyone know of alternative references for the proof of the proposition just below, relating rank of matrices ...
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### Is there a fast algorithm for inverting a sparse matrix?

I am doing research on a random-walk like problem. As a critical part of my solution, I need to invert a non-singular sparse matrix of size $n \times n$ and with $O(n)$ non-empty entries. I'm working ...
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### Completing a matrix (over the reals) to be singular

Consider the following problem: you are given a matrix (say, with rational entries) some of whose entries are actually left blank; can these blanks be filled in with real numbers so that the resulting ...
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### Precise rank of a sparse integer matrix

Consider a large sparse rectangular integer matrix. Is there a way to compute its exact rank that is better in terms of speed and/or memory usage compared to a dense matrix?
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### efficiently computing a sum of products of polynomials

Let $F$ be a prime finite field. Let $d$ be a power of two dividing $p-1$. Suppose I have $d$ pairs of univariate polynomials $f_i,g_i$ over $F$ for $i=1,\ldots,d$. All have degree less than $d$. I ...
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### Complexity of Encoding a Matroid Flow Problem in a Matrix

Context: Take a directed graph $G$ with a specified subset of source vertices $S$ and target vertices $T$. We say a subset $I\subseteq T$ of size $r$ is independent if there exist $r$ distinct ...
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### About Boolean functions with a high sign-rank

Recently in this beautiful paper, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1705.02397.pdf it has been shown that there is an explicit $Th \circ Th$ function with sign-rank scaling exponentially in dimension. I wanted to ...
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### Rigid families of $\{0,1\}$ matrices

We know that there are many families of matrices over $\Bbb F_q$, $\Bbb R$ etc are rigid. See http://mahdi.cheraghchi.info/talks/rigidity_talk.pdf Do we know there are many families of rigid REAL ...
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### Extensions of Sylvester's inertia law?

Sylvester's inertia law deals with the signatures of quadratic forms. I was thinking that it may be possible to extend this to multilinear forms; here is a first attempt. Let $M$ be a $k$-linear form ...
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