Questions tagged [linear-programming]

Mathematical and computational method for finding the best outcome in a given mathematical model where the list of requirements is represented as linear relationships.

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0answers
82 views

Why is the ellipsoid method numerically unstable?

In the Ellipsoid method wikipedia entry under the performance section, it is mentioned that the Ellipsoid method often times is numerically unstable in practice: "On even "small"-sized ...
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6answers
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Complexity of the simplex algorithm

What is the upper bound on the simplex algorithm for finding a solution to a Linear Program? How would I go about finding a proof for such a case? It seems as though the worst case is if each vertex ...
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1answer
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Solving semidefinite programs in polynomial time

We know that linear programs (LP) can be solved exactly in polynomial time using the ellipsoid method or an interior point method like Karmarkar's algorithm. Some LPs with super-polynomial (...
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1answer
114 views

Does an upper bound on the integrality gap imply an approximation algorithm with the same ratio?

Often, we can model combinatorial optimization problems with an Integer Program. Then there is an associated Linear Relaxation which drops the integrality constraints on the variables. Let's say we ...
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Is this proof of $LP$ being in $coNP$ correct?

I am referring to the natural decision version of the Linear Programming problem: given $A \in \mathbb{Q}^{m \times n}, \ b \in \mathbb{Q}^m, \ c \in \mathbb{Q}^n, \ \alpha \in \mathbb{Q}$, does there ...
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1answer
155 views

Characterization of integral polyhedra

A rational polyhedron $P \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ is an integral polyhedron if it is the convex hull of its integer points. That is, if $P = conv(P \cap \mathbb{Z}^n)$. Equivalently, $P$ is integral if ...
4
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1answer
321 views

Complexity of linear programming

It is known that Linear Programming (LP) is P-complete. I am interested in approximation algorithms for LP. There are numerous inapproximability results for NP optimization problems, e.g. it is NP-...
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3answers
4k views

Hamiltonian Cycle as an integer linear programming problem

I'm trying to do reduce Hamiltonian Cycle to integer linear programming. Here's my idea: Create variables $e_{ij}$ for every edge $(i,j)$ in the graph. Require each $$e_{ij}\in \{0,1\}$$. Create ...
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0answers
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Using Baire Category to analyze the efficiency of the Simplex Method

I read from the wiki page of the Simplex Algorithm that we can "use Baire category theory from general topology, and to show that (topologically) "most" matrices can be solved by the ...
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0answers
55 views

Prove that this linear relaxation has half-integral extreme points

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$, here is a Linear Relaxation of the edge cover polytope: (1) For each $v \in V, \sum_{e \in \delta(v)} x_e \geq 1.$ (2) For each $e \in E$, $0 \leq x_e \leq 1.$ Here $\delta(S)$...
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2answers
477 views

Complexity of finding a consistent hyperplane

Given $m$ binary labeled points in $\mathbb{R}^d$, it is well-known that in general it's NP-hard to find a hyperplane that minimizes sample error. A brute-force search considers all $O(m^d)$ sample ...
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Complexity of real coefficients Linear Programs

I would like to know if there are known any polynomial time algorithms for deciding the feasibility of linear programs with real (not integers) coefficients. I know that for linear programs with ...
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35 views

Which algorithm for linear programming is suitable for the context of quantum computing?

There are two major types of algorithms for linear programming : extreme point based, interior point based. Which will be suitable for quantum computing?
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0answers
41 views

are there approximation algorithms that use primal-dual with LP values and/or rounding?

Are there approximation algorithms that use primal-dual with LP values and/or rounding? e.g. An algorithm that during any iteration first tries to see an extreme point to the LP has any value above a ...
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2answers
7k views

Solving a Min/Max equation set

In solving a certain game, I've ended up with a set of equalities like these: ...
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0answers
101 views

(Integer) Linear Program formulation of planarity?

Q: Is there an efficient (I)LP formulation of planarity? More specifically, I am looking for a set of constraints that are satisfied by exactly all planar graphs on $n$ vertices, in order to optimize ...
2
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1answer
135 views

Is this homework problem on T-joins wrong? [closed]

In Question 9.3a, it states that if $T=V$, then the minimum cost perfect matching is the minimum cost T-join. Is this actually true? I think I have a counterexample which I have drawn below.
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1answer
239 views

Proof of $LP$ is in $coNP$ without showing it is in $P$?

Is there a proof that linear programming is in $coNP$ without showing it is in $P$? If so what is the strategy?
5
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1answer
80 views

Generate cut $(A,B)$ in edge-colored graph $(V,E_1 \cup E_2)$ such that there are more red than white crossings, i.e $|E_1(A,B)| > |E_2(A,B)|$

Let $G=(V,E)$ be graph. Recall that a cut of $G$ is (or can uniquely be identified with) a pair $(A,B)$ of nonempty subsets of $V$ which partition it. Given a cut $(A,B)$, let $E(A,B) := \{(a,b) \in ...
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0answers
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reference request: greedy algorithm for fractional interval covering

Reference Request I've found a natural greedy algorithm for the problem below. My question is: what is already known about fast algorithms for this problem (faster than general linear programming, ...
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1answer
106 views

Ensuring integral maximizer from integral linear program

An integral linear program is one that has a maximizer that is integral. Sometimes it's possible to prove that a particular LP has this property, for example by proving that it's constraint matrix is ...
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0answers
95 views

Is the edge cover polytope integral on graphs with self-loops?

It is well known that the edge cover polytope is integral on simple graphs. I am wondering whether this also holds for graphs with self-loops. Here is a Linear Relaxation of the edge cover polytope, ...
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139 views

Is the matching polytope integral?

In this document https://courses.engr.illinois.edu/cs598csc/sp2010/Lectures/Lecture9.pdf they prove the integrality of the matching polytope using the integrality of the perfect matching polytope. The ...
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2answers
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Proof that optimal solutions of LP Relaxation of independent set are half-integral

I saw somewhere that optimal solutions of LP Relaxation of independent set are half-integral, by what I mean the possible values of a solution are ${ \{0,0.5,1 \} }$. I'm looking for proof of that. ...
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0answers
94 views

Separation oracle for hitting all small cut on a graph?

We are given as input an undirected graph $G=(V,E)$, weights $w_e \ge 0$ for all $e\in E$ and an positive integer $k$. We aim to select a set of edges with the minimum weight, such that the cut set of ...
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1answer
378 views

How "hard" is it to maximize a polynomial function subject to linear constraints?

General Problem Suppose we have a multivariate polynomial function $f(\mathbf{x})$, and several linear functions $\ell_i(\mathbf{x})$. What is known about the complexity of solving the following ...
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1answer
130 views

Intuition behind the Charikar's LP formulation for densest subgraph problem

I understand why the LP gives the optimal solution for the densest subgraph problem. But don't understand the intuition behind the LP in this paper. Just mentioning the LP for maximum density of a ...
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0answers
136 views

linear programming with non-integer constraints

Suppose we have a linear progamming about vertex packing of a hypergraph (V,E), with size $n = \sum_{e \in E} |e|$. We introduce a variable $x_v$ for each vertex $v \in V$. The fractional version is ...
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1answer
129 views

Minimum non-zero variable in the optimal solution of linear programming

Suppose we have a linear programming about the vertex packing of a hypergraph G=(V,E), with size $n = \sum_{e \in E}|e|$. We introduce a variable $x_v$ for each vertex $v \in V$. $$\max \sum_{v} x_v ...
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1answer
64 views

Is it possible to approximate the solution of NP-Hard problems in polynomial time using linear programming? [closed]

Suppose we have a NP-Hard problem such as the k-col, which is meant to determine if a graph may be colored using at most ...
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1answer
158 views

Minimal number of hyperplanes needed to separate sets of points from one other set

Let $\mathbb{R}^d$ be our space. We have a single good set of points $g$, and a collection of bad sets of points $B$. We assume that for all $b \in B$ the convex hulls of $g$ and $b$ are disjoint. ...
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0answers
69 views

Time complexity of alternation free quantified linear program with no free variables and only existential quantifications

We know $\exists x\in\mathbb R^n:Ax\leq b$ is standard linear program. I am mainly looking at following case of quantified linear program with no free variables with only existential quantifications ...
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1answer
711 views

Can one efficiently uniformly sample a neighbor of a vertex in the graph of a polytope?

I have a polytope $P$ defined by $\{ x : Ax \leq b, x \geq 0\}$ . Question: Given a vertex $v$ of $P$, is there a polynomial time algorithm to uniformly sample from the neighbors of $v$ in the graph ...
7
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1answer
309 views

Reaching the double exponential upper bound in Fourier-Motzkin elimination

One round of Fourier-Motzkin elimination may yield $n^2/4$ inequalities where $n$ is the original number of linear inequalities, whence an upper bound of $n^{2^d}/2^{2^{d+1}-2}$ for $d$ rounds of ...
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0answers
57 views

Sherali-Adams lowerbound instance of Unique Games constructed via CLT

The question comes from the following paper I have been reading: [1] Integrality Gaps for Sherali–Adams Relaxations. SODA'09. Moses Charikar, Konstantin Makarychev, Yury Makarychev. Theorem 6.1 of [...
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1answer
164 views

Finding whether $n$ polytopes have nontrivial intersection from pairwise comparisons

I have a set of $n$ convex polytopes of the form $$\mathcal{L_i} = \{ \beta \mid C_i \beta \leq 0 \}$$ where $C$ is a matrix and $\beta$ is a vector. I know that for each pair of polytopes $$(\...
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1answer
184 views

finding maximum weight subgraph

My graph is as follows: I need to find a maximum weight subgraph. The problem is as follows: There are n Vectex clusters, and in every Vextex cluster, there are some vertexes. For two vertexes in ...
5
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1answer
168 views

Complexity of Finding Largest Set of Intersecting Convex Polytopes

I have a set of $n$ convex polytopes, and I wish to find the largest subset of those polytopes that shares at least one point in common. I think that this problem should be NP-hard, but I am ...
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0answers
209 views

Does simplex algorithm run in polynomial on Bipartite Perfect matching polytope?

It is well known that simplex algorithm runs in exponential time in worst case. However are there situations (necessary and sufficient conditions) where simplex algorithm runs in polynomial time? In ...
4
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1answer
66 views

Minimizing a convex piece-wise linear function of short $(\max, +)$ circuit length

If $a_{ij}$ is an $m \times n$ matrix of real numbers, and $b_j$ are $n$ more real numbers, then $$\max_i \sum_j (a_{ij} x_j + b_j) \qquad (\ast)$$ is a convex piecewise linear function of $(x_1, \...
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0answers
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Practical algorithm for testing whether an edge is Delaunay

I have a set of vertices $V\subset\mathbb R^3$ and a set of edges $S=\{(a,b)|a,b \in V\}$. I want to know whether an edge in the set $S$ is Delaunay against the vertices in $V$. My assumed ...
35
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1answer
2k views

Toy Examples for Plotkin-Shmoys-Tardos and Arora-Kale solvers

I would like to understand how the Arora-Kale SDP solver approximates the Goemans-Williamson relaxation in nearly linear time, how the Plotkin-Shmoys-Tardos solver approximates fractional "...
4
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1answer
177 views

How small can extension complexity be?

In this article on extension complexity of regular polygons https://arxiv.org/pdf/1505.08031.pdf it is mentioned that extension complexity of $n$ regular polygons should be $\theta(\log n)$. This is ...
3
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1answer
194 views

How is SDP an extension of spectral algorithms?

In one of his lectures, Uri Feige described semidefinite programming (SDP) as ... an algorithmic technique that extends both linear programming and spectral algorithms. I know the basic ...
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0answers
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Reference request: strong polynomial-time for LP

A follow-up of sorts on this question: Complexity of finding a consistent hyperplane What is a good survey of partial results on the strong poly-time status of the general LP problem?
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1answer
152 views

Generalizations of linear programming

Linear problems can be solved in polynomial time. So can semidefinite programs and, presumably, many other useful classes of optimization programs. Is there a survey/lecture notes describing ...
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0answers
93 views

Best algorithms for real linear programming

Linear Programming asks for $x\in\mathbb R^n$ such that $Ax\leq L$ holds where $A\in\mathbb R^{m\times n}$ and $L\in\mathbb R^m$ are given. Karmarkar has shown that $\ell$ is the number of bits of ...
4
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1answer
74 views

Solving an LP with at most m-1 nonzeros

Consider the linear program: $$ A x = b, ~~~~~~ x\geq 0 $$ where $A$ is an $m$-by-$n$ matrix, $x$ is an $n$-by-1 vector, $b$ is an $m$-by-1 vector, and $m<n$. It is known that, if this ...
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4answers
4k views

LP relaxation of independent set

I've tried the following LP relaxation of maximum independent set $$\max \sum_i x_i$$ $$\text{s.t.}\ x_i+x_j\le 1\ \forall (i,j)\in E$$ $$x_i\ge 0$$ I get $1/2$ for every variable for every cubic ...
3
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2answers
154 views

Minimum relevant variables in linear system - additive approximation

In the problem Minimum Relevant Variables in Linear System (Min-RVLS), the input is a linear system, e.g.: $$ A x = b $$ and the goal is to find a solution $x$ with as few nonzero variables as ...