# Questions tagged [lo.logic]

Computational and mathematical logic.

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### Is there a fundamental link between Nash's equilibrium and Turing's halting problem?

Since Nash equilibrium exists, is there a computational analogue of this equilibrium point? I am trying to approach Nash equilibrium from computational point of view to see if the equilibrium point ...
86 views

### Where does "Quine's Method" in propositional logic originate?

Hein (407-408) states that Quine's method "...uses these (14) properties together with basic equivalences to determine whether a wff is a tautology, a contradiction, or a contingency." The ...
54 views

### Is relativization statement-dependent or proof-dependent?

I'm relearning some computability theory, and have encountered the idea of relativization of results to arbitrary subsets of $\omega$ and the subtlety of figuring out what the correct relativized ...
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### Constructive Strong Normalization of the Extended Calculus of Constructions

The extended calculus of constructions (ECC) is basically the calculus of constructions with cumulative universes. I use the definition which Zhaohui Luo used in his PhD theses which contained a proof ...
148 views

### Alternatives to Normalization by Evaluation

Reading about lambda calculus I got the impression that normalization is evaluation. So I don't understand what is meant by Normalization by Evaluation (used e.g. in several publications of A. Abel). ...
63 views

### Linear Integer Arithmetic Satisfiability with Three Literals [closed]

I'm stuck on trying to find an unsatisfiable conjunction of the form $a \wedge b \wedge c$ where: $a \wedge b$ is satisfiable $a \wedge c$ is satisfiable $b \wedge c$ is satisfiable $a, b, c$ are ...
82 views

### Boltzmann sampling for containers/dependent polynomials?

I’d like to randomly sample from dependently-typed data structures. Has anyone looked at extending Boltzmann sampling to containers or dependent polynomials?
252 views

### Proof and computational complexity

I couldn't find documents elaborating on this: if the Curry Howard correspondence is to be interpreted as establishing a strong relation between proofs and programs, should there not be a strong ...
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86 views

### Are there languages require many variables to achieve $\Sigma_n^0$ completeness?

The proof of Post's Theorem that I am familiar with assumes you have access to as many variables as you wish in your language. Matiyasevich's Theorem by contrast gives a $\Sigma_n^0$-complete formula ...
203 views

### Counting solutions to extended MSO formulas, and sampling -- do these appear in the literature?

I am trying to determine if the literature contains various extensions of Courcelle's theorem. Since I haven't been able to find these in the literature, I guess that these are folklore results, or ...
91 views

### Forward chaining algorithms

I am interested in learning about the current state of the art regarding forward chaining production systems. I understand that things haven't changed much (regarding the basic algorithms) since 1995'...
285 views

### Reverse Skolemization?

I'm wondering if there are any references on "reverse skolemization", that is, converting a formula with functions into one purely consisting of quantifiers by eliminating function applications. I'm ...
446 views

### How to build comparison operator (comparator) in an arithmetic circuit

I am trying to convert a basic program into an arithmetic circuit. I am stuck on the step of converting the greater than operator into an arithmetic circuit. To be specific, I do not know how to ...
462 views

### How do continuations represent negations (under the Curry–Howard correspondence)?

Under the Curry–Howard correspondence, types can be thought of as propositions, and values inhabiting a type can be thought of as proofs that the corresponding proposition is true. (E.g., the ...
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### Extending the sequential calculus (logic over words) to allow a hierarchy of languages like the arithmetical hierarchy

Let $\Sigma$ be some finite alphabet. Then consider the logical language $\mathcal L = \{ R_a : a \in \Sigma \} \cup \{ <,= \}$ and first order formulas. For a given first order formula $\varphi$ a ...
165 views

### Reductions in Descriptive Complexity

Reducing one problem to another are well known in various settings, such as many-one, randomized, truth-table, logspace or a whole slew of other reductions. Descriptive complexity can alternately ...
109 views

### Notion of "quotient" or "inverse" for recognizable tree languages?

Related to my previous question but this time I have a better idea of what I'm actually asking. I'm looking at the following operation on recognizable tree languages (i.e. regular tree grammars, ...
895 views

### What logic correponds via Curry-Howard to a Monad?

According to Moggi's 1991 paper "Notions of computation and monads" one can represent monadic equational logic with the well known monad $(T, \eta, \mu)$ with T an functor and the two natural ...
192 views

### Compactness of domino tilings

I've read in Lemma 2 of the paper 1 that if every square region of the plane admits a tiling, then the whole plain admits a tiling, but the proof is omitted. This sounds like a compactness property, ...