Questions tagged [monoid]

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5
votes
1answer
164 views

Post correspondence problem for finite monoids

The Post correspondence problem has the following version for finite monoids: Input: a finite monoid $M$ and a finite list $(m_1,m_1'),\ldots, (m_n,m_n')$ of pairs of elements of $M$ Question: is ...
3
votes
3answers
107 views

Example of monoid $M$ such that $\operatorname{RAT}(M) \not\subseteq \operatorname{REC}(M)$

Let $M$ be a monoid, the family of rational sets $\operatorname{RAT}(M)$ is defined as the smallest set containing the finite subsets, and closed under union, concatentaion and the star operation. The ...
9
votes
1answer
133 views

Generalisation of the statement that a monoid recognizes language iff syntactic monoid divides monoid

Let $A$ be a finite alphabet. For a given language $L \subseteq A^{\ast}$ the syntactic monoid $M(L)$ is a well-known notion in formal language theory. Furthermore, a monoid $M$ recognizes a language $...
9
votes
1answer
232 views

Transition monoid membership for DFAs

Given a complete DFA $A=(Q, \Gamma, \delta, F)$, we can define a collection of functions $f_a$ for each $a\in \Gamma$and with $f_a:Q\rightarrow Q$, $f_a(q)=\delta(q, a)$. We can generalize this notion ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

On the realisation of monoids as syntactic monoids of languages

Let $L \subseteq X^{\ast}$ be some language, then we define the syntactic congruence as $$ u \sim v :\Leftrightarrow \forall x, y\in X^{\ast} : xuy \in L \leftrightarrow xvy \in L $$ and the quotient ...
7
votes
0answers
98 views

What is the optimal binary encoding of the elements of a monoid?

The Question Let $M$ be a finite monoid. Let $S$ be a generating set of $M$. Say we have a binary encoding of $S$ represented by $\phi:S \rightarrow A^*$ where $A = \{0, 1\}$. This encoding should ...
9
votes
2answers
753 views

Formal representation of an abstraction hierarchy

Introduction I'm writing my PhD thesis on Abstract Delta Modeling (ADM), an abstract algebraic description of modifications (known as deltas) able to act on products (as in 'software products'). This ...
6
votes
0answers
153 views

Complexity of Roman numeral evaluation

I came up with a result the other day that arbitrary length Roman numeral evaluation can be modeled as a monoid: https://gist.github.com/4542999 1) Is this a known result? 2) If not, any ...