Questions tagged [monoid]

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Complexity of the inevitability problem over monoids

I am interested in the complexity of following problem: Inevitability problem in monoids Input: two regular languages $K$, $L$ specified by finite monoids $M_K$ and $M_L$ (+ morphisms and accepting ...
Rémi's user avatar
  • 143
6 votes
1 answer

star height of star-free languages

I'm interested in the (restricted) star-height of star free-languages. Recalling the definitions: the star height $h(\mathtt{e})$ of a regular expression $\mathtt{e}$ is $0$ if $\mathtt{e}= \...
thibo's user avatar
  • 193
5 votes
1 answer

Post correspondence problem for finite monoids

The Post correspondence problem has the following version for finite monoids: Input: a finite monoid $M$ and a finite list $(m_1,m_1'),\ldots, (m_n,m_n')$ of pairs of elements of $M$ Question: is ...
user23902's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers

Example of monoid $M$ such that $\operatorname{RAT}(M) \not\subseteq \operatorname{REC}(M)$

Let $M$ be a monoid, the family of rational sets $\operatorname{RAT}(M)$ is defined as the smallest set containing the finite subsets, and closed under union, concatentaion and the star operation. The ...
StefanH's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer

Generalisation of the statement that a monoid recognizes language iff syntactic monoid divides monoid

Let $A$ be a finite alphabet. For a given language $L \subseteq A^{\ast}$ the syntactic monoid $M(L)$ is a well-known notion in formal language theory. Furthermore, a monoid $M$ recognizes a language $...
StefanH's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer

Transition monoid membership for DFAs

Given a complete DFA $A=(Q, \Gamma, \delta, F)$, we can define a collection of functions $f_a$ for each $a\in \Gamma$and with $f_a:Q\rightarrow Q$, $f_a(q)=\delta(q, a)$. We can generalize this notion ...
maomao's user avatar
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15 votes
3 answers

On the realisation of monoids as syntactic monoids of languages

Let $L \subseteq X^{\ast}$ be some language, then we define the syntactic congruence as $$ u \sim v :\Leftrightarrow \forall x, y\in X^{\ast} : xuy \in L \leftrightarrow xvy \in L $$ and the quotient ...
StefanH's user avatar
  • 2,037
8 votes
0 answers

What is the optimal binary encoding of the elements of a monoid?

The Question Let $M$ be a finite monoid. Let $S$ be a generating set of $M$. Say we have a binary encoding of $S$ represented by $\phi:S \rightarrow A^*$ where $A = \{0, 1\}$. This encoding should ...
Orby's user avatar
  • 181
9 votes
2 answers

Formal representation of an abstraction hierarchy

Introduction I'm writing my PhD thesis on Abstract Delta Modeling (ADM), an abstract algebraic description of modifications (known as deltas) able to act on products (as in 'software products'). This ...
mhelvens's user avatar
  • 231
6 votes
0 answers

Complexity of Roman numeral evaluation

I came up with a result the other day that arbitrary length Roman numeral evaluation can be modeled as a monoid: 1) Is this a known result? 2) If not, any ...
Chad Brewbaker's user avatar