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# Questions tagged [na.numerical-analysis]

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195 views

### Proof for Upper Bound of Sum of Square Roots Problem

In , Garey et al. identify what would later be known as the Sum of Square Roots Problem in the course of working out the NP-completeness of Euclidean TSP. Given integers $a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n$ ...
83 views

### Complexity of low-rank matrix factorizations with rows in a simplex and outliers

Our goal is to obtain a matrix factorization in form of $M = U V'$, where $U\in\mathbb{R}^{d\times r}, V \in\mathbb{R}^{N\times r}$ and each row of $V$ satisfies $$\sum_{j}(V)_{ij}=1, (V)_{ij}\ge 0$$...
96 views

345 views

### the confusion about 'with high probability (w.h.p.)'

w.h.p. can often be seen in the analysis of randomized algorithms. It's definition can be seen here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/With_high_probability. However my confusion is that: Assuming we ...
103 views

### Computing log of sum of positive integers

As input, we are give $k$-bit approximation (after the decimal point) of $\log(a)$ and $\log(b)$ for positive integers $a$ and $b$, i.e, we are given $\alpha$ and $\beta$ (as binary strings) as input ...
58 views

### Computational complexity of Initial Value Problems of ODEs

Are there known results on computational complexity of initial value problems of ODEs? As my question may be somewhat vague, I want to mention that I'm mainly interested for results on the ...
374 views

### The exponential function over algebraic numbers

Given an algebraic number $\alpha$, I am interested in finding an approximation of $\Re(e^\alpha)$ up to a given precision, where $\Re()$ refers to the real part of the complex number. Formally, I ...
1k views

### Computational complexity of pi

Let $L = \{ n : \text{the }n^{th}\text{ binary digit of }\pi\text{ is }1 \}$ (where $n$ is thought of as encoded in binary). Then what can we say about the computational complexity of $L$? It's ...
128 views

### Multiple independent random number streams

Having multiple streams of pseudo-random numbers known to be independent and with a uniform distribution I want to do Monte Carlo simulations in parallel. In other words, one thread will have a full-...
416 views

### Motivation for volume estimation

What are some concrete and compelling applications for estimating the volume of convex polyhedra of the sort considered in the more recent papers on random walk methods? These papers on volume ...
1k views

### Integer roots of a polynomial

What algorithm can we use to find all integer roots of a polynomial $f(x)$ with integer coefficients? I observe that Sage can find the roots within a few seconds even when all coefficients of $f(x)$ ...
13k views

### Universal Approximation Theorem — Neural Networks

I posted this earlier on MSE, but it was suggested that here may be a better place to ask. Universal approximation theorem states that "the standard multilayer feed-forward network with a single ...
107 views

### Delimiting the roots of a polynomial

Given a polynomial of degree $n$, namely, $y=a_nx^n + a_{n-1}x^{n-1} + \dots + a_1x + a_0$, with $a_i\in \mathbb{R}$, I would to know if it is possible to compute a rational number $K$ such that the ...
518 views

### Numerical stability of Simplex method

The simplex algorithm is often treated either within real arithmetic, or in the discrete world with exact computations. However, it seems to be implemented most often with floating-point arithmetic. ...
609 views

### Numerically stable fast convolution algorithm?

Suppose you have two vectors of real numbers $\langle a_1, \dots, a_n \rangle, \langle b_1, \dots, b_n \rangle$, with $a_i, b_i \geq 0$, and wish to compute the convolution  c_i = \sum_{j \leq i} ...
75 views

### Research papers regarding disinterval analysis

I'm trying to implement a disinterval analysis similiar to what is described in Clousot: Static Contract Checking with Abstract Interpretation (under section 5.2) - and I'm trying to find some papers ...
80 views

### Efficiently Detecting “edges” in the time frequency plane

Given a signal $y(t)\in\mathbb{R}$ I wish to detect edge patterns. $s(f,t)$ is a time-frequency decomposition of $y(t)$ in some window $(t-n,t+n)$ so that $f$ loosely corresponds to a local frequency....
361 views

### Efficiently approximating derivative of a well-behaved function

I need an algorithm for adaptive sampling a well-behaved function and computing its derivative in the sampling range with prescribed accuracy. The function has no more than one minimum in the sampling ...
2k views

### How to compute powers of square matrices?

Suppose we are given a matrix $A \in \mathbb R^{N\times N}$, and let $m \in \mathbb N_0$. How fast can we compute the power $A^m$ of that matrix? The next best thing in comparison to computing $m$-...