# Questions tagged [np-complete]

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### What kind of solver should I use for this hypergraph problem?

I have to list the solutions to the following hypergraph problem: There is a set of nodes, linked by edges that are 2-to-1 and bidirectional. The possible directions are either direct: 2 sources and 1 ...
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### NP-complete problems on posets?

I'm in the midst of some doctoral research and trying to figure out a particularly tricky reduction. I think my best shot is to reduce from an NP-complete problem on posets, if one exists. I did some ...
212 views

### Is it $NP$-hard to check whether a given algebraic circuit computes permanent?

Given are a natural number $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and a polynomial $P$ in the form of an arithmetic circuit $C$ over $\mathbb{Z}$ (a circuit which only uses $+$ and $\times$ gates and integer constants as ...
1 vote
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### Is this subsequence problem NP-hard?

Here is yet another "is X NP-hard?" question. The input of the problem is the following: A sequence of $n$ non-negative real numbers $\alpha_1, \ldots, \alpha_n$. Here $n$ is a positive ...
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### Regarding UNSAT bechmark of SATLIB found as SAT instance

I found the Satisfiable assignment to one of the UNSAT [SATLIB benchmark][1] instance, specifically uuf50-01.cnf as below answer: [1, 2, 3, 4, -5, -6, -7, -8, 9, 10, -11, 12, 13, 14, -15, -16, 17, 18, ...
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### Complexity of Maximizing Hamming Distances Below a Threshold

Problem Statement Is the following problem NP-Complete? Input: A collection $S$ of binary strings, with each string of length $m$. Goal: Compute a binary string $s^*$ of length $m$ that mazimizes the ...
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### Question about #P-completeness and NP-completeness

In the book Nature of Computation by Moore & Mertens there is an exercise saying "show that if a counting problem #A is #P-complete with respect to parsimonious reductions, that is if every ...
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### Is orthogonal polygon with crossings count NP-complete?

The are several NP-complete problems related to the construction of orthogonal polygons. Rapport showed that it is NP-complete to to decide the existence of orthogonal simple polygon that passes ...
140 views

### Cook's theorem and universal machine

From Papadimitriou and Yannakakis, "A Note on Succinct Representations of Graphs" second parragraph of the proof of the main result. Cook (1971) presented in his classical paper a ...
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### Computing Sequences with Addition Chains In pseudopolynomial time?

Computing Sequence $a_1, \ldots, a_n$ with addition chains (CSAC) is the problem of finding the shortest sequence $b_1, \ldots, b_m$ with the following properties: $b_1=1$. Every $b_i$ with $i>1$ ...
• 1,859
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### Finding a minimal addition chain for a given number

An addition chain for computing a positive integer $n$ is a sequence of natural numbers starting with $1$ and ending with $n$, such that each number in the sequence is the sum of two previous numbers. ...
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1 vote
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### Exact Cover by 3-Sets variation: Partition Into Exact Covers by 3-Sets

In the Exact Cover by 3-Sets problem, we are given a set $X = \{x_1, x_2,\ldots, x_{3n}\}$ and a family of subsets $F = \{\{x_{i_1}, x_{i_2}, x_{i_3}\}\}$ of 3-element subsets of $X$. The question is ...
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1 vote
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### Can NP-complete language be in $mP/poly$?

Can NP-complete language be in monotone $P/poly$?
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### Polynomial-time reducibility of Primality and 3-SAT

Is 3-SAT $\leq_{p}$ Primality? And/or is Primality $\leq_{p}$ 3-SAT? I think the answer is no and yes, respectively, but I'm not sure. Any help would be appreciated. Thank you.
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1 vote
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### Efficient algorithm for finding segregators in a directed acyclic graph

Given a directed acyclic graph $G=(V,E)$, we define a $(\alpha,\beta)$-segregator of $G$ to be a subset $S$ of $V$ of size $\alpha$ such that no vertex in $G\setminus S$ has more than $\beta$ ...
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### Complexity of finding the largest induced subgraph with all even degrees

What is the complexity of the following problem? Instance: Simple, undirected graph $G$, and a positive integer $k$. Question: Does $G$ have an induced subgraph on at least $k$ vertices, such that ...
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### Relationship between two graph optimization problems

Let $Q$ be a polynomial time computable graph property of simple, undirected graphs. Consider the following two optimization problems on any input graph: P1. Find a largest induced subgraph of the ...
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### Example of decidable NP-hard problem that is not NP-complete [closed]

I am looking for an example of a decision problem which fulfills the following conditions: 1. It is decidable 2. It is NP-hard 3. It is not NP-complete All my search attempts yielded examples that ...
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1 vote
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### What languages can be reduced to a NP-complete problem in polynomial time

NP-complete: Language is NP-complete, when it is in NP and every problem in NP is reducible to it in polynomial time. But what languages are reducible to a NP-complete problem (for example SAT) in ...
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### Short $\exists$SO sentences over strings that define an NP-complete problem

[Q1] I'm wondering if there are some "official" SHORT existential second order sentences with ONE binary relation, over strings (over a small alphabet) that define an NP-complete set. (Something ...
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### "Relatives" of the shortest path problem

Consider a connected undirected graph with non-negative edge weights, and two distinguished vertices $s,t$. Below are some path problems that are all of the following form: find an $s-t$ path, such ...
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### $NP$ completeness of Hamiltonicity of cubic polyhedral plane graphs with bounded face degree?

Let $\mathscr{C}_d$ be the class of cubic 3-connected simple plane graphs, with face degree bounded by $d$. Is there any $d$ such that Hamiltonian cycle is $NP$ complete on $\mathscr{C}_d$? If so, ...
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### Natural candidates for NP-E and E-NP

It has been known since the early 70's that ${\bf NP}$ and ${\bf E}=DTIME(2^{O(n)})$ are not equal (because ${\bf E}$ is not closed under polynomial-time many-one reductions, in contrast to ${\bf NP}$...
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I have been working on a new approach for a subset sum exact solver, and the current state provides an algorithm operating on $O{n/2 \choose n/4}$, demonstrating as well the hardest target value is ...