# Questions tagged [np-hardness]

Questions related to NP-hardness and NP-completeness.

543 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1k views

### Classes of graphs with easy Hamiltonian cycle but NP-hard TSP

The Hamiltonian Cycle Problem (HC) consists in finding a cycle that goes through all vertices in a given undirected graph. The Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP) consists in finding a cycle that goes ...
548 views

### Is the “Fewest Discriminating Bits” problem NP-complete?

That is a name I have made up for this problem. I have not seen it described anywhere before. I have not been able to find a proof of NP-completeness nor a polynomial time algorithm for this problem ...
824 views

### Finding the sparsest solution to a system of linear equations

How hard is it to find the sparsest solution to a system of linear equations? More formally, consider the following decision problem: Instance: A system of linear equations with integer coefficients ...
536 views

### Are there interesting graph classes where the treewidth is hard (easy) to compute?

Treewith is an important graph parameter that indicates how close a graph is from being a tree (although not in a strict topological sense). It is well known that computing the treewidth is NP-hard. ...
3k views

### Lexicographically minimal topological sort of a labeled DAG

Consider the problem where we are given as input a directed acyclic graph $G = (V, E)$, a labeling function $\lambda$ from $V$ to some set $L$ with a total order $<_L$ (e.g., the integers), and ...
248 views

2k views

### Is the half-filled magic square problem NP-complete?

Here is the problem: We have a square with some numbers from 1..N in some cells. It's needed to determine if it can be completed to a magic square. Examples: ...
504 views

### Can we fast generate perfectly uniformly mod 3 or solve NP problem?

To be honest, I don't know that much about how random number are generated (comments are welcome!) but let's assume the following theoretical model: We can get integers uniformly random from $[1,2^n]$ ...
1k views

### Directed NP-hard problems on DAGs

Tree width measures how close a graph is to a tree. Several NP-hard problems are tractable on graphs with bounded tree width. If a problem remains NP-hard on trees then tree width cannot save us. This ...
3k views

### How hard is binary Sudoku puzzle?

Sudoku is a well-known puzzle that is NP-complete. Binary Sudoku is a variant that only allows the numbers $0$ and $1$. The rules are as follows. Each row and each column must contain an equal number ...
1k views