Questions tagged [np-hardness]

Questions related to NP-hardness and NP-completeness.

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224 views

Consequences of a distillation algorithm for PSPACE

The following notion of a distillation algorithm comes from "On Problems Without Polynomial Kernels". Let a language $L$ be given. A distillation algorithm for $L$ takes a given list of input ...
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1answer
378 views

complexity of a constraint satisfaction promise problem

(This is the "upper end" of my question from over 10 months ago on cs.stackexchange. That question and the "lower end" I asked here over 8 months ago, which I also have a bounty on, are both ...
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277 views

NP-hardness of a Set Cover specialization

Is the following problem NP-hard? Given a set of $N$ real numbers (targets) $x_1,\dotsc,x_N$ and a "trident" defined by two distances $a$, $b$ from the center of the trident, what is the minimum ...
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1answer
223 views

Vertex isoperimetric number of a graph - NP-hard?

The vertex isoperimetric number of a graph $G=(V,E)$ is $i_V(G) = \min\{\frac{|N(S)|}{|S|} : S \subseteq V, 1\le |S|\le \frac{|V|}{2}\}$. Several academic papers state that the problem of computing ...
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1answer
792 views

Interesting SUBSET-SUM problems

I know the following variants of SUBSETSUM problems: $ \mathtt{UNARY\mbox{-}SUBSETSUM} \in \mathsf{L} $ (Elberfeld at. al., 2010), NP-complete $ \mathtt{SUBSETSUM} $, and NEXP-complete $ \mathtt{...
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225 views

Subset sum problem with at most one solution for any target

This question was originally asked on CS.se. A little bit of initial discussion can be found in the comments there. We first consider the search version of the subset sum problem: Given a set $S$ of ...
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121 views

Complexity of fractional SAT

Let $(a, k)$-SAT be $k$-SAT with the promise that if there is there is a satisfying assignment, then there is such an assignment that satisfies at least $a$ literals of every clause. Can 3-SAT with $...
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171 views

NP-hardness of approximation for unconstrained submodular maximization

The problem of unconstrained submodular maximization can be phrased as follows: Given a non-negative submodular function $f$ on a domain $D$ find a set $S \subseteq D$ maximizing $f(S)$. Here a ...
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703 views

Is this minimization problem NP-Complete?

We are given an $n \times (n + k)$ matrix $A$, with entries in GF(2), of the form $A =[I_n\ B]$, where $I_n$ is the $n \times n$ identity matrix, and $B$ has no "zero" rows or columns. The problem is ...
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963 views

Is Exact Cover by Equally-Sized Sets reducible to Multi-Dimensional Matching in a certain nice way?

This question is motivated by my other question “Gap hardness of Multi-Dimensional Cover,” which is in turn motivated by the question “Set Cover for Permutation Matrices” by Brayden Ware. Informal ...
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1answer
481 views

Finding a maximum acyclic sub-tournament given two acyclic sub-tournaments

Given a tournament $T$ where $S_1$ and $S_2$ be two acyclic sub-tournament of $T$. Is the following problem NP-Complete: Finding a maximum acyclic sub-tournament $S$, which is subset of $S_1 \cup ...
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363 views

Complexity of a variant of the max word problem. NP-complete?

I'd like to be able to state that the following problem is NP hard. I am wondering whether anybody have any pointers to related/recent work? The problem: Given a finite set of transition matrices $A$ ...
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348 views

Is the problem of finding the chromatic number of a modified interval graph NP-Complete

Few days ago I was working on interval graphs to solve the known problem of resource allocation, as we know there is a greedy approach that solves this problem (chromatic number) in polynomial time ...
7
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3answers
851 views

Non-rooted MST of directed graph

I've found a problem that boils down to this: I need to find the non-rooted MST of a directed weighted graph. In other words, I need to find the minimal set of edges such that from any one node in the ...
7
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3answers
469 views

Graph classes in which CLIQUE is known to be NP-hard?

Given a graph $G$ and a positive integer $k$, the CLIQUE problem asks if $G$ contains a clique (complete subgraph) on at least $k$ vertices. This problem is long known to be NP-complete --- in fact, ...
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4answers
782 views

A relaxed Steiner Tree Problem

Given a weighted graph $G(V,E,w)$ where $w$ is the weight function on edges and a subset of vertices $S\subseteq Q$ called terminals, a Steiner Tree is a connected subgraph which connects all vertices ...
7
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1answer
462 views

NEXP Cook-Levin

I've come across the following lemma (without proof): The first part of the lemma states that for any $x$, there's a 3CNF exponential Boolean formula $f(x)$ that is satisfiable if and only if $x \in ...
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2answers
411 views

Binary matrix column subset selection complexity

Given an $m \times n$ matrix ($m$ rows) containing only $0$'s and $1$'s, what is the complexity of finding an $m \times k$ submatrix (of $k$ columns) such that within the chosen submatrix there is no ...
7
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389 views

$NP$-hardness of scheduling problem

I have been attempting to show that this problem is $NP$-complete but haven't been successful. I wonder if anyone has a suggestion for a problem I could reduce to it. $CALLS$: Suppose we have ...
7
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2answers
333 views

What is known about the H-factor problem?

Background The $\mathcal{H}$-factor problem (a.k.a. the degree prescribed factor problem, or the degree prescribed subgraph problem) is defined as follows: Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ and a set $H_v \...
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1answer
425 views

Techniques for proving NP completeness for a specific sequence of instances

Most NP-completeness proofs I have seen pertain to proving that a problem on a class of instances is NP-complete. E.g., satisfiability is NP-complete on the class of instances with clauses having ...
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749 views

Complexity of finding 2 vertex-disjoint $(|V|/2)$-cycles in cubic graphs?

I posted this on mathoverflow but with no luck: Finding a connected 2-factor is $NP$-complete since it is equivalent to the Hamiltonian cycle problem. I'm interested in the complexity of finding two ...
7
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1answer
204 views

Is Clique completion for intersection models hard?

The following seems like a natural problem and I'm surprised I can't find any literature on it... but maybe it's because I don't know the name for it. Given a list of sets $S_1, S_2, S_3, \ldots$ ...
7
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660 views

The computational complexity of spectral norm of a matrix

How hard is computing the spectral norm of a matrix? This paper says, ... it suffices to say that, except for few particular cases, the Matrix Norm problem is NP-hard. I expected that the ...
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1answer
154 views

What are the hardness results known for CSP over $\mathbb{F}_q$?

I found two related papers, There is a UGC hardness result here, https://www.cs.cmu.edu/~venkatg/pubs/papers/qaryCSP.pdf A kind of a stronger result might be found in these two other papers, http://...
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1answer
2k views

Simple reduction to unbounded knapsack?

Does anyone know (or can anyone think of) a simple reduction from (for example) PARTITION, 0-1-KNAPSACK, BIN-PACKING or SUBSET-SUM (or even 3SAT) to the UBK problem (integral knapsack with unlimited ...
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210 views

What do we know about checking real-stability of multivariate complex polynomials?

Given a polynomial $p : \mathbb{C}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ it is to be called "real-stable" if (1) all its coefficients are real and (2) if it has no roots such that all the coordinates of the root ...
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1answer
764 views

Is it NP-hard to _play_ minesweeper perfectly?

This paper shows that it is NP-hard "to determine if there is some pattern of mines in the blank squares that give rise to the numbers seen." If there is a way to "lead a perfect player into" such ...
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131 views

Complexity of selective network improvement problem

We have a network flow problem with a given directed graph $G=(V,E)$, for each arc $(i,j) \in E$, there is a cost $c_{ij}$ and upper and lower capacity $u_{ij}$ and $l_{ij}$ for the flow $f_{ij}$ ...
7
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1answer
214 views

Complexity of a graph-rewriting problem

I recently came across the following problem which seems to fall in the context of graph rewriting problems: Input: A graph $G=(V,E)$ with maximum degree 3, an edge $e_0 \in E$ and pairs of graphs $(...
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284 views

Planar Exact Cover by even-size sets

Major edit on June 6, 2019: Replaced the target problem with a simpler (but equivalent) one. Is the following problem NP-complete? Planar Exact Cover by even-size sets Input: A set $U$, a ...
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+50

A partition problem with order constraints

In the OrderedPartition problem, the input is two sequences of $n$ positive integers, $(a_i)_{i\in [n]}$ and $(b_i)_{i\in [n]}$. The output is a partition of the ...
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134 views

NP-hardness proof of selecting the ''fittest'' topological sequence of a DAG

Given a directed acyclic graph (DAG) with $n$ vertexes $V=\{v_1, v_2,...,v_n\}$ and a given permutation of those $n$ vertexes $P=[p_1, p_2,..., p_n]$ that $\forall i, p_i\in V$. Note that $P$ could ...
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214 views

How hard is PromiseFlowFree?

Playing more Flow Free, I think I've realized why I'm so amazingly brilliant at this game: The objective is to connect all pairs while covering the entire board, but in every puzzle there is always ...
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Reduction from Vertex Cover to Max-Cut? [closed]

I am referring to Computational Complexity by Arora and Barak for my course. In the section on NP-completeness reductions, the book has a diagram that is represents how one NP-complete problem ...
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163 views

What relations are there between a problem hardness and the hardness of verifying a witness?

I had some hard times trying to formulate the question, so I'll start with some examples: Suppose you are given a Dominating Set instance, $<G,k>$. Now suppose I give you a set of vertices $D$ ...
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500 views

Another Solution Problem (ASP) of integer multi-commodity flow: is it NP-complete?

I know that integer multicommodity flow is NP-complete. It was proven in On the complexity of time table and multi-commodity flow problems that any SAT problem can be reduced to an integer ...
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160 views

Universal tractable problem solver

Consider $X$ an $\mathsf{NP}$-complete language e.g. $3-SAT$. I'm looking for an algorithm $A$ for solving $X$ with the following property. Given $M \subset \lbrace 0, 1 \rbrace^*$ any set of words s....
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193 views

What is the complexity of pallet loading for identical non-rectangular objects?

In the pallet loading problem, we are asked to place a set of small identical 2-D rigid objects into a large bounding rectangle such that no two objects overlap. This problem is a special case of the ...
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1answer
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Guidelines to reduce general TSP to Triangle TSP

I am looking for the method / correct way to approach to reduce the traveling salesman problem to an instance of traveling salesman problem which satisfies the triangle inequality, ie: $D(a, b) \leq ...
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3answers
1k views

Complexity of a subset sum variant

Given integers $a_1, \ldots, a_n, b \in \mathbb{N}$. What is the complexity of the following problem $$ \exists x_1, \ldots, x_n \in \mathbb{N} \text{ such that } a_1x_1 + \ldots a_nx_n = b? $$ I ...
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5answers
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Multidimensional knapsack STRONGLY NP-complete

Who can point me to a reference where it is actually shown that multidimensional knapsack is strongly NP-complete? I have found loads of papers where they claim it is, without citation; I have found ...
6
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3answers
604 views

In Strongly connected tournament T.Is it NP-hard to find a minimum number of vertices(V1) which make T\V1 as non strongly connected tournament.

Given strongly connected tournament T.find a minimum number of vertices(V1) which make T\V1 as non strongly connected tournament. I have doubt whether the problem mentioned can be solved in polynomial ...
6
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1answer
290 views

NP-hardness of coloring uniform hypergraphs

Since a $2$-uniform hypergraphs are just graphs. The problem of deciding if $2$-uniform is $k$-colorable for $k=1,2$ is easy, and NP-hard for $k \geq 3$ colors. This is well know and I have seen ...
6
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1answer
877 views

NP-Complete Hard-on-Average Problems

This question considers a special class of problems in (NP,P-samplable). The question is: Do there exists a problem $(L,\mu) \in \mbox{(NP,P-samplable)}$ such that: $L$ is $\rm{NP}$-...
6
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1answer
254 views

Maximum Polyhedron Volume in Given $n$ Points

Suppose we are given $n$ points $v_1,v_2,\cdots, v_n\in \mathbb{R}^k$, I want to find $k+1$ points $v_{i_1}, v_{i_2},\cdots,v_{i_{k+1}}$ such that the volume of the convex body spanned by them ...
6
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1answer
368 views

What is the complexity of vertex cover on k-partite graphs?

Given a k-partite graph which is already partitioned into k parts, what is the complexity of finding a vertex cover of minimum size? I guess that it's NP-hard, but couldn't yet prove it or find ...
6
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2answers
341 views

Decision problem related to coloring

Given a $k$-colorable graph $G$ and vertices $u$ and $v$ of $G$, what is the complexity of deciding if every $k$-coloring of $G$ must assign the same color to both $u$ and $v$? It does not seem ...
6
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1answer
585 views

On reducing the hardness of CNF-SAT to k-Clique

CNF-SAT refers to the following problem: Given a boolean formula $\phi$ in conjunctive normal form, does there exist an assignment to the variables that satisfies $\phi$. There are several ...
6
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1answer
286 views

Complexity of finding large grid minors

What is the complexity of finding the largest $k\times k$ grid graph that is a minor of a given graph $G$? It is FPT in $k$, and it seems likely to be NP-hard (or NP-complete in a decision version ...