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Questions tagged [optimization]

general questions about selecting a best element from some set of available alternatives.

7
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0answers
152 views

A class of functions on a lattice that are easy to optimize

Let $({\cal P}(X),\subseteq)$ be the subset lattice for a finite set $X$. Consider a function $f:{\cal P}(X)\to \mathbb{R}$ with the following property: Given any element $I_0\in {\cal P}(X)$, there ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Solving linear program with 1 quadratic constraint complexity

Consider the following linear program, $$\min y \\ xc_1 \leq c_2 + yz,\\ x = x_1 + \dots + x_n,\\ z \leq x_1 + x_2, \\ z \leq x_2 + x_3, \\ \vdots\\ z \leq x_{n-1} + x_n, \\ x,x_1, \dots, x_n,y,z \...
-1
votes
2answers
118 views

How to continue this algorithm? [closed]

I want to create an algorithm to fill a fixed-size big rectangle (W,H) with the maximum number of fixed-size smaller rectangles (w,h) (I can rotate the small rectangles 90º). I have thought about ...
0
votes
0answers
563 views

What is the difference between NSGA-II and NSGA-III?

Can someone please explain the difference between the two versions of Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm NSGA-II and NSGA-III?
4
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0answers
489 views

Optimizing Maximum Weighted Matching (Edmonds Blossom)

Background: I've ported Edmonds Blossom Algorithm with Maximum Weighted Matching to Java: https://github.com/simlu/EdmondsBlossom/blob/master/src/Blossom.java The original Python implementation ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Average case or beyond worse case analysis for non-convex optimization procedures?

I'm not sure if this is a well-formed question or not, but I thought I would ask to see if anyone is aware of related literature. It is known that global optimization of non-convex functions is NP-...
1
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0answers
46 views

Parametrically-relaxed Kolmogorov complexity

Consider the following problem: Input: An integer $n$ and a subset $S \subseteq \{0...n-1\}$ in some representation. Output: The encoding of some kind of automaton (say, a Turing machine) which ...
3
votes
1answer
763 views

Minimal Cost of Eulerian Path

Problem: Given a planar (undirected and mostly sparse) graph with an Eulerian Path, we introduce a cost function f: (v, e1, e2) for all two edges e1 and e2 that share a vertex v. The function also ...
5
votes
1answer
273 views

Modifying Edmonds' Blossom Algorithm

Given a connected road network on an Island without one-way streets, where should I para-shoot in and what route should I take to deliver mail to all houses on the island (being picked up again by ...
0
votes
0answers
167 views

Grover's for QUBO form?

My preferred formulation of the quadratic unconstrained binary optimization problem (QUBO) is the following: Find $\min(z)=x'Qx$, where $x$ is a $n$-vector of binary variables, $x'$ is its transpose, ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Finding an answer key given tests and scores

Consider multiple students taking a multiple-choice tests. The test has $q$ questions, and each question has $m$ choices. ($q$ can be large, but $m$ is rather small.) You are given $n$ tests, complete ...
1
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0answers
56 views

Polynomial cases of 0 1 quadratic programm with linear constraints

A pseudo boolean function f:{0,1}^n-> R is defined as f(x)= x^tQx +cx where Q is a symmetric matrix with null elements in the diagonal. Finding the minimum of this function is solvable in polynomial ...
3
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0answers
56 views

Studying the hardness of polynomial-time approximability using the concept of stability of approximation

In the Conclusion section, the author of this paper "Stability of Approximation Algorithms for Hard Optimization Problems" by Juraj Hromkovič, 1999 claims that Using the notion of stability one can ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Is it sufficient to only check on the vertices? Greedy algorithm

Suppose that I have a downwards closed Polyhedron and a vector $\omega$ and a greedy algorithm that goes as follows: Given an initial $x_0$, order the indices of $\omega$. Then for each $i$, solve $\...
6
votes
0answers
86 views

Looking for an easy/pedantic exposition of Renegar's famous result on polynomial optimization

In September $1989$, Renegar had this famous sequence of 3 papers titled, "On the Computational Complexity and Geometry of the First-order Theory of the Reals, Part I/II/III". I was wondering if ...
11
votes
0answers
202 views

Complexity of cycle cancellation with integral capacities and irrational costs

Cycle cancellation is a standard textbook algorithm for computing minimum-cost circulations: As long as the residual graph of the current circulation contains a negative cycle, push as much flow along ...
5
votes
1answer
223 views

Solving linear equations involving min

Solve for $\alpha$ if solution exists: $\min(r_1, s_1 \alpha_1) + \min(r_2, s_2\alpha_1) = d_1$, where $r_1,r_2,s_1,s_2,d_1$ are integer constants. One way seems to be enumerate all possible outcomes,...
4
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0answers
76 views

Complexity of Underdetermined Systems [closed]

Given a field $\mathbb{F}$ and a consistent underdetermined system $Ax=b$ over $\mathbb{F},$ $A\in \mathbb{F}^{m \times N}$ and $b \in \mathbb{F}^m,$ finding a vector $z \in \mathbb{F}^N$ such that $...
2
votes
0answers
193 views

Graph optimization problem with multiple objectives/constraints

Let's assume that we have a directed acyclic graph $G = (V, E)$, non-negative vertex weight functions $w_a(v)$ and $w_b(v)$, and a non-negative edge weight function $t(u,v)$. We can divide vertices in ...
5
votes
1answer
366 views

Proof that the graph optimization problem is NP-hard

I'm trying to prove that the following optimization problem is NP-hard: Given a graph $G=(V,E)$, non-negative vertex weight functions $w(v)$ and $s(v)$, and a non-negative edge weight function $t(u,v)...
1
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0answers
25 views

How does one know what is not in a certain class of pseudo-distributions?

We consider working in the function space $\mathbb{R}^{\{ -1,1\}^n}$ where the expectation inner-product makes the juntas form a $2^n$ dimensional orthonormal basis. Now say one has found a degree $...
2
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0answers
83 views

How does white noise on the output channels influence the training of a neural network?

Let $\rho(\sigma): \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a probability density that is parametrized by a parameter vector $\sigma \in \mathbb{R}^s$ (for example the normal distribution where $s = 1$ ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Min cost set of edges to connect 2 subgraphs s.t dist of nodes between subgraphs <= K

I find myself with another graph problem that I can't find the name of. I was wondering if anyone was able to identify if this problem and any efficient algorithms to solve it are known. The ...
1
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0answers
1k views

Fastest Algorithm for the Minimum Edge Covering Problem

Given an undirected weighted graph, G, where all the weights are non-zero positive numbers, my algorithm must produce a sub-graph G' that satisfies the following constraints: G' must include all the ...
7
votes
0answers
106 views

Has compressed sensing been generalized to convex optimization problems?

Has the theory of "compressed sensing" been generalized to any classes of convex optimization problems? I need to analyze a problem of the type $$\min ||x||_0, ~~~~ \mbox{ subject to } ~~~g(x) \leq 0$$...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

Minimize the product of distances from n fixed points

Given $n$ fixed points $\{p_i\}_{i=1}^n$ in $D$-dimensional Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^D$, consider the following optimization problem: $$ \begin{align} \text{mininize} \ \ \ &\prod_{i=1}^n \...
3
votes
2answers
352 views

Does the problem “partition a vertex-weighted graph into $k$ balanced connected parts” have a standard name?

Consider the following problem: Given an integer $k$ and a vertex-weighted graph $G=(V,E)$, find a partition of $V$ into $V_1,\ldots,V_k$ such that each subgraph induced by $V_i$ is connected, ...
4
votes
0answers
133 views

Computing Minima of the Projection of a Binary Cube

The problem is as follows: I want to compute the minima (with respect to the canonical partial order on vectors "$\leq$") of the linear projection of the extreme points of an $n$-dimensional $\{0,1\}$-...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Optimal evaluation of polynomials / rational functions

A common way to compute the value a polynomial is to write it in Horner form. However, this isn't always the fastest way to evaluate it. Setting aside concerns of numerical precision, take the ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Maximum cardinality subgraphs meeting a Jaccard overlap threshold

Consider two undirected connected graphs $G_0$ and $G_1$. The graphs are subgraphs of a given connected graph $G$ and share at least one node. I want to find two subgraphs $G_0'\subseteq G_0$ and $...
6
votes
2answers
187 views

Solution/Hardness of the following (integer) budgeted problem?

I have no idea how to solve the following INTEGER problem or prove its hardness. Thanks for any help/comment/open discussion! Assume there are $N$ startups. For each startup $i$, you can invest $x_i\...
4
votes
4answers
236 views

Find the maximum subset contained by a ball of radius R

I am searching for the name of / literature to the algorithmic problem as follows: Given a metric space $(M,d)$, a finite Subset $X = \{ x_1, \dots, x_n \} \subset M$ and a fixed Radius $R > 0$, ...
6
votes
1answer
202 views

Minimizing a submodular function given noisy oracle access

Let $f\colon 2^{[n]} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a submodular function (one can assume $f$ is bounded, if this helps). We are given noisy oracle access to $f$: on any $S$ and for any $\tau > 0$, one can ...
9
votes
0answers
155 views

NP-hardness of approximation for unconstrained submodular maximization

The problem of unconstrained submodular maximization can be phrased as follows: Given a non-negative submodular function $f$ on a domain $D$ find a set $S \subseteq D$ maximizing $f(S)$. Here a ...
3
votes
0answers
158 views

Non-Linear Programming with \min operator in the constraint

Can the following non-linear program be solved in polynomial time? $c_{ij}$'s are constants and known. Each $c_{ij}$ is either -1 or 1. \begin{align} \text{maximize } &\sum_{i,j=1}^{m,n} c_{ij}...
8
votes
1answer
550 views

Positivstellensatz and sum of squares method

This question comes from many online resources that introduce Sum-of-Squares method, such as the survey of Barak and Steurer (http://arxiv.org/abs/1404.5236). Let me focus on Theorem 2.1 of this ...
1
vote
1answer
266 views

Is finding an optimal solution to this Knapsack-like problem NP-hard?

Suppose our inputs are a set of objects with weights $w_1,...,w_n$. We have two separate sets of profits: $p_1,...,p_n$ and $v_1,...,v_n$. We wish to maximize $ \sum_{i=1}^{n} p_i(1-x_i)+\alpha_i ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Stochastic optimization with erroneous oracles

I am interested in a class of optimization problems of which we know that the input variable is first subjected to noise $\xi$ before entering the data-producing process $f$. I write the objective in ...
5
votes
1answer
645 views

Maximizing a monotone supermodular function s.t. cardinality

I've tried to comb the literature and seen a lot of references to results that almost but don't quite seem to address this. Question: Is it known to be true or is there a hardness result ...
3
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0answers
77 views

First-order methods for solving SDP with geometric convergence or better

Is there any first-order method that can solve general SDP in a geometric (linear) rate? or super-geometric (super-linear) rate?
7
votes
1answer
253 views

Inexact labelled binary tree matching

Does anyone recognise the following problems? Do they have names? Are they hard? If we were looking for an exact match (0 mismatches), these would be solvable in polynomial time (using e.g. standard ...
2
votes
0answers
321 views

How to prove integrality of LP with not totally unimodular matrix

I have a linear program (LP) for which the constraint matrix is NOT totally unimodular (TU). However, even though constraint matrix is small (14x20), extensive generation of random coefficients for ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

On a Linearization of the Quadratic Assignment Problem

The Quadratic Assignment Problem formulated as an integer program: \begin{align} \mbox{minimize}\quad & \sum_{i=1}^n\sum_{j=1}^nc_{ij} x_{ij} + \sum_{i=1}^n\sum_{j=1}^n\sum_{k=1}^n\sum_{l=1}^n ...
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0answers
544 views

Binary Search for optimisation problems

This maybe is either a question out of place or it is a very elementary one. I wonder what kind of optimization problems can be solved by Binary Search. Looking around some coding competitions, there ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

Empty sudoku and NP-completeness [closed]

My question is straightforward: Is an empty sudoku grid (not partially completed) still NP-complete?
10
votes
2answers
244 views

Easy to optimize but hard to evaluate

Are there any known natural examples of optimization problems for which it is much easier to produce an optimal solution than to evaluate the quality of a given candidate solution? For the sake of ...
3
votes
0answers
93 views

Quantum annealing or adiabatic quantum optimization with continuous optimization problems

How do quantum annealing or adiabatic quantum optimization deal with continuous optimization problems such as SDP?
1
vote
0answers
158 views

Optimization Problem on a Directed Graph

I have the following graph optimization problem. In a directed graph $G$, each node $i$ is endowed with a real value $v_i$ (input) that encodes the minimum "activation threshold" of that node. For ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Pathfinding search over a space with known changing costs

I'm working on a research project which involves iterative pathfinding over a space whose cells have danger values that change over time. More specifically, the danger values represent bad weather, ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

How to compute the basis

Given $n$ sets of linear constraints $\Theta_1, \cdots, \Theta_n$ which are over $\vec{x}_1, \cdots, \vec{x}_n$ respectively where $\vec{x}_i$ and $\vec{x}_j$ are pairwise disjoint, and $W= \begin{...