Questions tagged [optimization]

general questions about selecting a best element from some set of available alternatives.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-2
votes
1answer
104 views
+50

How to calculate complexity in a high dimensional space?

Edit: 'Fitness landscape analysis' was mentioned as a relevant measure. If you're going to downvote the post, at least leave a comment what is wrong. For a specific f(), I'm defining a term '...
5
votes
0answers
98 views

Exact algorithms for $k$-means

Lets recall the definition of $k$-means clustering for euclidean spaces. Let $X$ be a set of $n$ points in $R^d$ and $k$ a given natural number. Let $C$ any $k$ clustering of $X$. Define the cost of $...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

Algorithms and approximations for optimal offline binary tree operations

Let's say we are using a binary tree to represent a set of elements, with operations $\mathsf{insert}(x)$ and $\mathsf{delete}(x)$. We will assume that the operations are used such that a deleted ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Additive welfare maximization under matroid constraints

In the welfare maximization problem, there is a set $[m]$ of items, and $n$ functions $w_i: 2^{[m]} \to \mathbb{Z}_+$. The goal is to partition the items into $n$ subsets $S_1,\ldots,S_n$ such that ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Compiling einstein sums optimally

Einstein summation is a convenient way to express tensor operations which has found its way in tensor libraries like numpy, torch, tensorflow, etc. Its flexibility lets us represent the product of ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Minimum graph cycle basis respect to non-empty pairwise intersection of cycles

I'm trying to understand the following problem if anyone can help I'll be very grateful Instance: undirected, unweighted, connected graph graph $G=(V,E)$. Question: find a minimum cycle basis $B = \{...
0
votes
0answers
106 views

Is the matching polytope integral?

In this document https://courses.engr.illinois.edu/cs598csc/sp2010/Lectures/Lecture9.pdf they prove the integrality of the matching polytope using the integrality of the perfect matching polytope. The ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Where to find info on (polytime) approximability of various discrete optimization problems?

Where to find info on (polytime) approximability of various discrete optimization problems? Sorry if this is stupid,but is there a site or reference that keeps up to date info on approximability of ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Parametrized complexity of sparse optimization

Optimization problems of the type: minimize $c^T x$ subject to [maybe some linear constraints and] $||x||_0\le k$ are known to be NP-hard. [Actually, I just realized that I don't have a reference, so ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

Complexity of finding the mean of the subset with smallest variance

Let $x_1,\ldots, x_n \in R^d$, and $\alpha \in (0, 1)$. Suppose that $\alpha n$ is an integer. Let's consider the following problem $\min_{\mu \in R^d} \frac{1}{n} \sum_{i=1}^n F\left(\frac{\pi(i)}{n}\...
9
votes
1answer
335 views

Is the following graph optimization problem approximable within a constant factor?

Let $G=(V,E)$ be an undirected graph, and let $\pi$ be a permutation of the vertices in $V$. For a node $v\in V$, we denote by $\text{pred}_{\pi}(v)$ (respectively $\text{succ}_{\pi}(v)$) the set of ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Name of (and solution to) this generalization of linear assignment

I would like to know if the following problem is known and has any efficient solution. Given an $n\times n$ score matrix $S$. Find the best $a$ elements, in terms of their sum of scores, such that no ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Would a machine learning algorithm benefit from an “optimization oracle”?

I'm trying to understand the behavior of machine learning algorithms where the loss function is non-convex and the problem of training the ML on a specific data set is computationally hard. Now let'...
-1
votes
1answer
61 views

Is it possible to approximate the solution of NP-Hard problems in polynomial time using linear programming? [closed]

Suppose we have a NP-Hard problem such as the k-col, which is meant to determine if a graph may be colored using at most ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Are the intermediary sets in maximum cardinality search optimal in some way?

The maximum cardinality search (MCS) algorithm works as follows. Given a weighted graph $G = (V, E)$ where $w(u, v)$ denotes the weight of the edge $\{u, v\}$, we select a start node $a \in V$ and do ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Finding the size $k$ subset in a metric space that maximizes the min distance between elements

I have a metric space $(X,d)$ and I'd like to find a subset of size k of far away elements. We can cast this as the following optimization problem $\max_{S \subseteq X, |S| = k} ( \min_{i \not = j, ...
5
votes
0answers
84 views

Optimal point placement on integer lattice

What is known about the following point placement problem? For positive integers $N$, $n<N^2$, and $N\times N$ grid $\mathcal{G}$, compute \begin{eqnarray*} \mu_1(N,n)\triangleq\min_{\mathcal{P}\...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Tight estimates on the Lovász and Multilinear extensions of a submodular function

I assume here some familiarity with the jargon used in submodular optimization (please let me know if something is unclear). Let $f:2^V \to \mathbb{R}$ be monotone, normalized and submodular. For ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Finding shortest calculation of the sum of a subset of a group, given sums for other previously summed subsets

Say $S=\{g\in G\}$ is a set of elements in an abelian group $G$ whose group operation $(+)$ is expensive to compute. Given a subset $T\subset S$, we want to compute the sum of $T$'s elements, $\...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

NP-Hard Knapsack Instances

Consider the classic Knapsack optimization problem (KP): Given $p_1, \dots, p_n, w_1, \dots, w_n, B\in\mathbb N$, compute a solution $I\subseteq \{1,\dots,n\}$, such that $\sum_{i\in I} w_i \leq B$ ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Gradient descent step size for strongly convex functions

Suppose we are optimizing a strongly convex function $f(x)$ via gradient descent $x_{t+1} = x_t - \eta_t \nabla f(x_t)$. By strongly convex I mean that $f(x+h) \ge f(x) + \langle \nabla f(x), h \...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Complexity of multi-objective optimization problems

How can we define and prove the worst-case complexity of multi-objective optimization problems (MOOP)? It is easy to see that, if one of the objectives is an NP-Hard optimization problem, then the ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Optimalization of sum $f(x_i, x_j)$ for all $i < j$ pairs through permutation only?

$\DeclareMathOperator*{\argmin}{arg\,min}$Can something be said about the difficulty of minimizing the quantity $$g(x) = \sum_{i=1}^n\sum_{j=i+1}^n f(x_i, x_j)$$ of some string of symbols $x \in \...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Dividing a complete graph into two cliques with maximal sum of edge weights

Problem: Considering a complete weighted graph $G$ with $n$ vertices, where $n\in2\mathbb Z$ is an even number, remove edges in such a way that you end up with two cliques of graph $G$, each having $\...
0
votes
2answers
446 views

Formalizing and optimizing constraints involving booleans, pairs of booleans, and integer sums

My scenario has various flavors of SAT, constrained quadratic pseudo-Boolean, and integer programming. My attempts to formalize and solve the problem with Z3's ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Sum From A List Of Numbers (Algorithm) [closed]

I came upon a problem and have been trying to find a method more efficient then brute force, but I came up with nothing; and I am not even sure how to approach it... You have a list of numbers and a ...
2
votes
0answers
208 views

Run Length eXtreme encoded length

In run length encoding (RLE) the code stream consists of pairs $(c_i,\ell_i)$, which is understood as writing the character $c_i$ repeatedly $\ell_i$ times. Consider the following "improvement" of ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

AMQ (Bloom-filter like structure) lower bounds

I want an Approximate Member Query structure (that is, something like Bloom filter), but with the highest possible compression ratio. I know that for AMQs where query is done in constant time, the ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Embedding a n-tree into a b-dimensional space

Given a (directed) n-tree $T=(N,E,r)$ rooted in $r\in N$, I want to represent each node $n\in N$ at most as a $m$-dimensional vector $v_n\in \mathbb{R}^m$ (From the current Yuri's reply, m cannot be $...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

Minimizing a convex piece-wise linear function of short $(\max, +)$ circuit length

If $a_{ij}$ is an $m \times n$ matrix of real numbers, and $b_j$ are $n$ more real numbers, then $$\max_i \sum_j (a_{ij} x_j + b_j) \qquad (\ast)$$ is a convex piecewise linear function of $(x_1, \...
-3
votes
1answer
114 views

Finding the maximum no. of people who get along in a group [closed]

Suppose that there are 15 people in a room. Assume that each person gets along with other people in the room (but not everyone). (Note that the "feeling is mutual" between any two people who are ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Vehicle scheduling

Suppose there are $n$ resources which can do some work. Each resource has a number of time windows: $tw_{i,k}=\{start_{i, k},stop_{i, k}\}$, such that the resource can perform its functions only ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Problems rephrased as quadratic unconstrained binary optimization

I was impressed when i came across Quadratic unconstrained binary optimization (QUBO) recently, and saw how one can rephrase many combinatorial problems into questions about optima of binary functions....
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Intuitive explanation behind Goemans-Williamson randomized rounding

A very simple randomized cut algorithm achieves $1/2$ of the optimal value: just choose each vertex to be in the cut with probability $1/2$, independently. Goemans-Williamson does something more ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

3 dimensional matching shortest solution NP-hard?

We have array of arbitrary number of elements - 3d vectors with positive integers components - for example ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

Generalizations of linear programming

Linear problems can be solved in polynomial time. So can semidefinite programs and, presumably, many other useful classes of optimization programs. Is there a survey/lecture notes describing ...
0
votes
2answers
94 views

Bellman-Ford with Non-edge-decomposable Path Weights

Consider a directed graph $G(V,E)$ with non-negative edge weights. Also, let us define the weight of a path as non-edge-decomposable, that is, the weight of a path cannot be written as the sum of a ...
1
vote
0answers
125 views

Star seperators to explain computational complexity of algorithms on a class of graphs?

A lot of NP-hard optimization problems on graphs which are perfect become solvable in polynomial time. Unfortunately, the class of graphs that arise in my problem are not perfect. The graphs can be ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Maximum-minimum satisfiability

In MAX-SAT, given a formula, we want to maximize the number of satisfied clauses: given a formula $\phi = c_1 \cap \cdots \cap c_n$, where each $c_i$ is a disjunction, we want to find the largest $k\...
3
votes
2answers
134 views

Minimum relevant variables in linear system - additive approximation

In the problem Minimum Relevant Variables in Linear System (Min-RVLS), the input is a linear system, e.g.: $$ A x = b $$ and the goal is to find a solution $x$ with as few nonzero variables as ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Pass ordering for greedy local search algorithms

Apologies in advance for the slightly general question - I'm really looking for pointers to research / good keywords to look for. I have a problem with the following setup: I have a (finite) totally ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Back-propagation for computing derivative of certain line integral

Consider a function F (think of neural networks) with two sets of parameters: (1) model parameters $\mathbf{w}$, and (2) input data ${\bf x} \in {\mathbb R}^d$. Fix $i \in [d]$, consider the following ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Best approach for allocation problem

I am a bit rusty on optimization algorithms and need an advice. This is my problem: I have n images (with width and ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Is this a knapsack problem?

I have a set of $K$ keywords. Each of this keywords can have a set of bids from $1\$,\ldots, N\$$. For each bid for a keyword, it will get a specific amount of clicks and a specific cost. Clicks and ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Stochastic gradient methods and risk of neural nets

Under many situations it is currently provable that we can minimize the risk of neural nets using stochastic gradient based algorithms. For example : https://arxiv.org/abs/1811.03804, https://arxiv....
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Minimization version of matrix p-norms?

I considered a minimization version of matrix p-norms, defined for a matrix $A$ by $$ f_p(A)= \min_{x\neq 0} \frac{||Ax||_p}{||x||_p}. $$ Notice that $f_p(A) = 0$ if and only if $A$'s columns are ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Problem property name where an optimal solution in a graph can be used as a solution in any subgraph

Suppose one is given a graph optimization problem where the optimal solution $S$ for the problem on graph $G$ can be used as a solution for any subgraph of $G$. In other words, given $S$ is an optimal ...
9
votes
0answers
179 views

Shortest string in the intersection of regular languages

Inspired by https://codegolf.stackexchange.com/questions/53310/shortest-universal-maze-exit-string Each of the 138,172 valid mazes can be represented as a DFA with 9 states (including starting and ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Linear optimization over intersection of totally unimodular matrices

I am currently dealing with a problem of the following form \begin{alignat}{2} &\underset{x, y \in \mathbb{R}^n}{{\text{min}}} && e^T x \nonumber\\ &\text{sub to} \hspace{0.05in}&&...
6
votes
0answers
159 views

Optimal set union tree

Suppose we have a ground set of $n$ elements and $m$ sets are defined over them $S_i \subseteq [n]$. Think of the following procedure: At each step take two of the sets, take the union, and add the ...

1
2 3 4 5
8